People's National Assembly

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People's National Assembly
Assemblée populaire nationale
APN Logo.svg
Type
Type
Structure
Seats 462 members
APN-DZ-2012 Nombre.svg
Political groups

Government (272)

  •      FLN (207)
  •      RND (65)

Opposition (122)

  •      AV (48)
  •      FFS (26)
  •      PT (24)
  •      FNA (9)
  •      FJD (8)
  •      MPA (7)

Crossbench (68)

Elections
Direct election
Meeting place
Assemblée populaire nationale (Algérie).jpg
Algiers
Website
www.apn.dz
Seal of Algeria.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Algeria

The People's National Assembly (al-Majlis al-Sha'abi al-Watani), abbreviated APN, is the lower house of the Algerian Parliament. It is composed of 462 members directly elected by the population. Of the 462 seats, 8 are reserved for Algerians living abroad.[1] Members of the People's National Assembly are directly elected through proportional representation in multiple-member districts and serve terms lasting five years at a time. The last election for this body was held on 10 May 2012 and the next election will be held on 17 May 2017.[1] This body and of the Algerian Parliament is seen as nonrepresentative of the Algerian people's interest because of the presidency, which controls the majority of governmental power.[2] The minimum age required for election into the APN is 28.[3]

There are 48 districts, called wilayat, in Algeria and 4 overseas constituencies which send representatives to this body.[2] There is one seat for every 80,000 inhabitants and an additional seat for additional citizens in a wilaya numbering above 40,000.[3] The current speaker of the APN is Mohamed Al-Arabi Ould Khalifa, a member of the plurality party National Liberation Front.[4] Women compose 3.4% of APN members.[3] The minimum age to vote in Algeria is 18. Voting is not compulsory.[5]

History[edit]

The first election for the People's National Assembly was held on 20 September 1962. In 1963, the President of the Republic of Algeria, Ahmed Ben Bella, halted the activities of the APN and set up a Revolution Council lasting from 1965 to 1976.[5] The APN was reestablished in 1976 with the passage of Algeria's new constitution, at the time only a unicameral legislature.[6] Up until 1991, the ruling party was the National Liberation Front (FLN), and in fact, the 1976 Algerian constitution considered the FLN as the preferred Algerian political party.[6] The first APN election with multiple parties was held in December 1991. After a predicted Islamic Salvation Front (FIS) victory, a fundamentalist opposition party, the Algerian People's National Armed Forces canceled the elections.[3][7] A substitute legislative body, the National Consultative Council, was established in April 1992 and lasted until May 1994, when the National Transitional Council ruled for until the next elections, held on 5 June 1997.[3] In 1996, the legislature split into two chambers forming the Algerian Parliament with the ratification of a new constitution.[6]

Composition[edit]

e • d Summary of the 10 May 2012 People's National Assembly of Algeria election results
Parties Leader Votes % Seats +/–
National Liberation Front Abdelmalek Sellal 1,324,363 17.35 208 +72
National Rally for Democracy Ahmed Ouyahia 524,057 6.86 68 +7
Green Algeria Alliance (MSPNahdaIslah) Bouguerra Soltani 475,049 6.22 49 –11
Front of Socialist Forces Hocine Aït Ahmed 188,275 2.47 27 +27
Workers' Party Louisa Hanoune 283,585 3.71 24 –2
Algerian National Front Moussa Touati 198,544 2.60 9 –4
Justice and Development Party Abdallah Djaballah 232,676 3.05 8 +8
Algerian Popular Movement Amara Benyounes 165,600 2.17 7 +7
New Dawn Tahar Benbaibeche 132,492 1.74 5 +5
Front of Change Abdelmadjid Mensara 173,981 2.28 4 +4
National Party for Solidarity and Development Dalila Yalaqui 114,372 1.50 4 +2
National Front for Social Justice 140,223 1.84 3 +3
Ahd 54 Ali Fawzi Rebaine 120,201 1.57 3 +1
Union of Democratic and Social Forces 114,481 1.50 3 +3
National Republican Alliance Redha Malek 109,331 1.43 3 –1
Future Front Abdelaziz Belaid 174,708 2.29 2 +2
Dignity Party 129,427 1.70 2 +2
National Movement of Hope 119,253 1.56 2 ±0
Algerian Rally Ali Zaghdoud 117,549 1.54 2 +1
Republican Patriotic Rally 114,651 1.50 2 ±0
Party of Youth Hamana Boucharma 102,663 1.34 2 +2
Algerian Light Party 48,943 0.64 2 +2
Party of Algerian Renewal 111,218 1.46 1 –3
El-Infitah Movement Naima Farhi 116,384 1.52 1 –2
Movement of Free Citizens 115,631 1.51 1 +1
National Front of Independents for Understanding 107,833 1.41 1 –2
National Democratic Front 101,643 1.33 1 ±0
Others 1,306,656 17.12 0 –22
Independents 671,190 8.79 18 –15
Valid votes 7,634,979 100.00
Invalid votes 1,704,047 18.25
Total 9,339,026 100 462
Registered voters/turnout 21,645,841 43.14
Sources: El Watan, Adam Carr's Election Archive, IPU


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Algeria". cia.gov. Archived from the original on 9 November 2016. Retrieved 9 November 2016. 
  2. ^ a b "People's National Assembly Elections in Algeria" (PDF). cartercenter.org. May 2012. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 November 2016. Retrieved 9 November 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "Algeria, Elections and Parliament". Medea Institute. Archived from the original on 9 November 2016. Retrieved 9 November 2016. 
  4. ^ Kedadra, Atef (3 June 2012). "Controversial Candidate Elected To Head Algerian Parliament". Al-Monitor. Archived from the original on 9 November 2016. Retrieved 9 November 2016. 
  5. ^ a b "Algeria, State Institutions". Medea Institute. Archived from the original on 9 November 2016. Retrieved 9 November 2016. 
  6. ^ a b c "Algeria - Government". GlobalSecurity.org. Archived from the original on 10 March 2014. Retrieved 9 November 2016. 
  7. ^ "Algeria". European Forum for Democracy and Solidarity. 21 January 2016. Archived from the original on 9 November 2016. Retrieved 9 November 2016. 

See also[edit]

External links[edit]