People Animals Nature

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People–Animals–Nature
Pessoas–Animais–Natureza
AbbreviationPAN
LeaderCollective leadership
SpokespersonInês Sousa Real
Founded22 May 2009 (2009-05-22)
Legalised13 January 2011 (2011-01-13)
HeadquartersAv. Almirante Reis, 81 B 1150-012 Lisboa
IdeologyEnvironmentalism[1]
Animal rights[2][3]
Ecofeminism[4][5]
Political positionCentre-left[2]
European affiliationAnimal Politics EU[6]
European Green Party
European Parliament groupGreens–European Free Alliance[7]
Colours  Teal
Assembly of the Republic
1 / 230
[8]
European Parliament
0 / 21
Regional
parliaments
1 / 104
Local government
(Mayors)
0 / 308
Local
assemblies
23 / 6,444
Local government
(Parishes)
0 / 3,058
Website
pan.com.pt

People–Animals–Nature (Portuguese: Pessoas-Animais-Natureza, PAN) is an environmentalist[2][4] and animal rights[2][3] and welfare[9] focused political party in Portugal, founded in 2009. In 2015, they won one seat in the Assembly of the Republic.[10] In 2019, they also won one seat in the European Parliament, and increased their seat share to 4 in the Assembly (with 2 seats won in Lisbon, 1 in Porto, and 1 in Setúbal).

In the 2011 Madeiran regional election, it had 2.13% of the votes, with a total of 3,135 votes, thus having elected one MP also in this regional parliament, Rui Manuel dos Santos Almeida.[11]

In November 2021, on the brink of a political crisis, the then called geringonça (an informal left-wing alliance) imploded due to divergences regarding laboral legislations and the following year's state budget. PAN remained the only party in the parliament to abstain voting arguing that the country wasn't ready for another political and probably financial crisis in times of COVID-19 pandemics. However, this political move had no effect in the end voting results and the government was dissolved by then President, Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa.[12]

Ideology, political position and policies[edit]

People–Animals–Nature is commonly described as an environmentalist party.[2][4][13][14] It has been described as becoming "known for fighting for animal rights", "fights against cruelty to animals"[5] and as having an "animalist" ideology.[4]

The party has also been described as holding ecofeminist and progressive ideologies.[4] However, it has also been described as being "identified neither from the right nor from the left."[5] Although other sources have identified the party as being on the centre-left of the political spectrum.[2]

In terms of policy the party has "campaigned to invest in the national health service but does believe that the private and public sectors can work together", supports free transportation to combat climate change and cutting Portugal's corporate income tax rate to 17 percent by 2026.[4][5] Party MP and then spokesperson for the party, André Silva, on the party's fifth anniversary in January 2016 said the party's visibility had highlighted, "causes, values, messages, ideas and measures that nobody else talks about", such as "bull fighting, climate change and oil drilling", which he dubbed "forgotten subjects".[15] Along with the political party LIVRE, PAN has "sparked conversations with proposals for unconditional basic income".[3]

Electoral results[edit]

Assembly of the Republic[edit]

Election Leader Votes % Seats +/- Government
2011 Paulo Borges 57,849 1.0 (#7)
0 / 230
Extra-parliamentary
2015 André Lourenço e Silva 75,140 1.4 (#6)
1 / 230
Increase 1 Opposition
2019 173,931 3.3 (#6)
4 / 230
Increase3 Opposition
2022 Inês Sousa Real 88,152 1.6 (#7)
1 / 230
Decrease3 Opposition

European Parliament[edit]

Election European Parliament Size Candidate
Votes % ±pp Seats won +/
2014 56,363 1.7%
0 / 21
7th Orlando Figueiredo
2019 167,130 5.1% Increase3.4
1 / 21
Increase1 6th Francisco Guerreiro

Regional Assemblies[edit]

Region Election Votes % Seats +/- Government
Azores 2020 2,004 1.9 (8th)
1 / 57
Increase 1 Opposition
Madeira 2019 2,095 1.5 (7th)
0 / 47
Steady Extra-parliamentary

Municipalities[edit]

Municipality Votes Percentage Local
assemblies
Albufeira 629 4.6%
1 / 21
Almada 3,340 5.0%
1 / 33
Amadora 2,561 4.1%
1 / 33
Aveiro 1,508 4.4%
1 / 27
Barreiro 1,173 3.4%
1 / 27
Cascais 4,006 5.2%
1 / 33
Faro 1,235 4.6%
1 / 27
Horta 392 4.8%
1 / 21
Lagos 470 4.3%
1 / 21
Leiria 1,988 3.2%
1 / 33
Lisbon 10,811 4.3%
2 / 51
Loures 2,637 3.1%
1 / 33
Mafra 1,398 4.2%
1 / 27
Maia 3,046 4.2%
1 / 33
Matosinhos 3,022 3.8%
1 / 33
Moita 1,060 4.3%
1 / 27
Odivelas 2,339 4.0%
1 / 33
Oeiras 3,183 3.9%
1 / 33
Oporto 3,195 2.8%
1 / 39
Póvoa de Varzim 1,397 4.7%
1 / 27
Seixal 2,875 4.8%
1 / 33
Setúbal 1,859 4.1%
1 / 33
Sintra 5,823 4.4%
1 / 33
Vila Franca de Xira 2,468 4.6%
1 / 33
Vila Nova de Gaia 5,131 3.7%
1 / 33

Parishes[edit]

Municipality Votes Percentage Parish
assemblies
Albufeira e Olhos de Água 392 4.8%
1 / 19
Algés, Linda-a-Velha e Cruz Quebrada-Dafundo 991 4.5%
1 / 21
Algueirão-Mem Martins 1,038 4.7%
1 / 21
Arroios 706 5.2%
1 / 19
Oeiras e São Julião da Barra, Paço de Arcos e Caxias 1,192 4.2%
1 / 21
Penha de França 649 5.5%
1 / 19
Olivais 672 4.52%
1 / 19

Local results[edit]

Date Mayors +/- Parishes +/- Municipal Chamber +/- Municipal Assembly +/- Local Assembly +/-
2013 0 / 308 New 0 / 3,057 New 0 / 2,056 New 5 / 6,424 New 1 / 26,705 New
2017 0 / 308 Steady 0 / 3,057 Steady 0 / 2,056 Steady 26 / 6,424 +21 6 / 26,705 +5
2021[16] 0 / 308 Steady 0 / 3,057 Steady 0 / 2,056 Steady 23 / 6,424 –3 16 / 26,705 +10

List of leaders[edit]

Paulo Borges, the party's first leader, pictured in January 2014.
Name Start End
1st Paulo Borges 10 April 2011 26 October 2014
2nd André Lourenço e Silva 26 October 2014 6 June 2021
3rd Inês Sousa Real 6 June 2021 Present

References[edit]

  1. ^ Martins, Paula (25 January 2022). "The politics of Portugal – who are the parties?". Reuters. Retrieved 7 February 2022.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Khalip, Andrei (27 January 2022). "Factbox: Parties and leaders contesting Portugal's snap election". Reuters. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  3. ^ a b c Roberts, Alison (28 January 2022). "Portugal focuses on post-pandemic politics ahead of poll". BBC News. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Silva, Lara (31 January 2022). "2022 Portuguese General Election: Socialist Party Wins Majority". Portugal.com. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  5. ^ a b c d Martins, Paula (25 January 2022). "The politics of Portugal – who are the parties?". The Portugal News. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  6. ^ "The EURO ANIMAL 7". www.animalwelfareparty.org. Animal Welfare Party. 20 June 2019.
  7. ^ "SIC Notícias | PAN quer integrar família dos Verdes na Europa". SIC Notícias (in European Portuguese). 13 December 2018. Retrieved 20 June 2019.
  8. ^ "Por uma unha negra. PAN consegue evitar desaparecer do Parlamento. O PAN reduziu o grupo parlamentar de quatro deputados para uma deputada única, mas esquiva-se ao desaparecimento na Assembleia da República."". 31 January 2022.
  9. ^ Nordsieck, Wolfram (2019). "Portugal". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 18 December 2019.
  10. ^ Legislativas 2015 Archived 2015-10-05 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 19 February 2017.
  11. ^ "Regionais 2011". eleicoes.mj.pt (in Portuguese). Ministry of Justice. Archived from the original on 10 February 2014. Retrieved 29 March 2012.
  12. ^ Portugal, Rádio e Televisão de. "Orçamento do Estado para 2022 chumbado pelo Parlamento na generalidade". Orçamento do Estado para 2022 chumbado pelo Parlamento na generalidade (in Portuguese). Retrieved 10 January 2022.
  13. ^ "Portugal's far-left open to working with new minority Socialist government". euronews. 9 October 2019. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  14. ^ "Portugal president asks Antonio Costa to form government". Al Jazeera. 8 October 2019. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  15. ^ "People-Animal-Nature Party turns five". The Portugal News. 14 January 2016. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  16. ^ Território Nacional. Portugal Continental e Regiões Autónomas. www.autarquicas2021.mai.gov.pt (in Portuguese). Ministério Administração Interna. Retrieved September 27, 2021. https://www.autarquicas2021.mai.gov.pt/resultados/territorio-nacional?election=CM

External links[edit]