People Power (Hong Kong)

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For other political parties of the same name, see People Power Party.
People Power
人民力量
Chairperson Ray Chan
Founded 3 April 2011 (2011-04-03)
Split from League of Social
Democrats
Headquarters 3/F, Shanghai Centre,
No. 473–475 Shanghai
Street
, Mong Kok,
Kowloon
Ideology Direct democracy[1]
Populism[1]
Radical democracy[1]
Regional affiliation Pro-democracy camp
Colours           Yellow and Black
Legislative Council
1 / 70
District Councils
0 / 458
Website
www.peoplepower.hk
People Power
Traditional Chinese 人民力量
Hkpol.jpg
Politics and government
of Hong Kong
Foreign relations
Related topics Hong Kong SAR Regional Emblem.svg Hong Kong portal
In 2011, members and supporters of People Power denounce the Democratic Party during the 1 July march

People Power (Chinese: 人民力量; abbrev: PP) is a radical democratic political coalition in Hong Kong established in 2011. Chaired by Ray Chan, it currently holds one seat in the Legislative Council.

People Power was founded in 2011 as a political coalition consisting of the defected League of Social Democrats (LSD) legislators Wong Yuk-man and Albert Chan and activists from the Power Voters, Democratic Alliance and The Frontier who aimed to "punish" the Democratic Party for its compromise with the Beijing authorities over the constitutional reform proposal in 2010. People Power fielded 62 candidates in the 2011 District Council election in which many of them stood against the Democrats but only got one candidate elected.

The party received about ten percent of the popular votes and won three seats in the 2012 Legislative Council election. After Wong Yuk-man quit the party in 2013, People Power developed a warmer relationship with the mainstream pan-democrats. Also, People Power re-cooperate with the LSD after 2013. In the 2016 election, the party formed an electoral alliance with the LSD, in which they received about seven percent of the votes together and the party retained one seat, occupied by Ray Chan in New Territories East.

History[edit]

Founding and 2011 District Council elections[edit]

The People Power was established in early 2011 after two legislators Raymond Wong Yuk-man and Albert Chan Wai-yip quit the League of Social Democrats (LSD), citing disagreement with leader Andrew To and his faction. About two hundred of their supporters joined them, leaving the LSD in disarray.[2][3] Besides the defected LSD members, the party was formed by political groups including the Wong Yuk-man's Proletariat Political Institute, Power Voters supported by Stephen Shiu Yeuk-yuen, the owner of the Hong Kong Reporter, the re-grouped Frontier and the two pro-Taiwan organisations China Youth Organization and Democratic Alliance.

Although considered part of the pan-democracy camp, the party was formed as the coalition to spite the pro-democratic Democratic Party who supported the 2010 constitutional reform package in the 2011 District Council elections,. The People Power claimed that the Democratic Party had already defected to the Communist Party of China and "sold out" the voters. The party filled in 62 candidates, many of them ran in the constituencies against both the Democratic Party and pro-Beijing candidates. Albert Chan gave up his seat in the Lai Hing constituency in Tsuen Wan District to spine the Democratic Party chairman Albert Ho Chun-yan in Lok Tsui in Tuen Mun District. The People Power failed in winning any seat but a seat in Fung Cheung where the its candidate Johnny Mak Ip-sing did not spine the pan-democracy party. After winning just one seat of 62 contested, Albert Chan admitted that the strategy had failed. Nevertheless, he insisted that the party would 'stay the course'.[4]

2012 Legislative Council elections[edit]

In May 2012, Albert Chan and Wong Yuk-man staged a weeks-long filibuster by submitting 1306 amendments altogether to the Legislative Council (Amendment) Bill 2012, by which the government attempted to forbid resigning lawmakers from participating in by-elections as the government's response to the "Five Constituency Referendum movement" launched by the LSD in 2010. On the morning of 17 May 2012, Jasper Tsang Yok-sing, President of the Legislative Council adopt Article 92 of the Standing Order, which allows the president follow foreign parliament rules for unregulated behaviors to terminate the debate. In the end, all amendments were defeated and the Bill was passed.

Shortly before 2012 LegCo elections, Johnny Mak, the party's sole District Councillor, and his group Democratic Alliance broke apart from the People Power, as Johnny Mak wanted to lead a candidate list in the New Territories West. The party gained more than ten percent of the vote in the geographical constituency and won three seats. Wong Yuk-man and Albert Chan were re-elected to the Legislative Council, with Ray Chan newly elected in the New Territories East as the first openly gay legislator in Hong Kong history.[5] Chairman Christopher Lau Gar-hung failed to win a seat with Stephen Shiu in Hong Kong Island. Wong Yuk-man's protege Wong Yeung-tat also failed to win a seat where he contested against the LSD chairman Andrew To, who Wong Yuk-man split with a year ago. The People Power fiercely attacked the Democratic Party candidates during the campaign and called for blank vote in the District Council (Second) constituency created under the 2010 constitutional reform package and not voting for the Democratic Party and the Association for Democracy and People's Livelihood (ADPL). Wong Yeung-tat left and formed the Civic Passion.

In May 2013, the People Power once again staged a month-long filibuster by moving a total of 710 amendments on the Budget Appropriation Bill debate, to press for a universal pension scheme and a HK$10,000 cash handout to be included in John Tsang's budget.[6] The government warned that the service would shut down if the budget bill do not pass. Jasper Tsang ordered to end the filibuster on 13 May after 55 hours spent to debate 17 of the 148 amendments.[7] The Appropriation Bill was passed on 21 May 2013 with 684 amendments negatived.[8]

Wong Yuk-man's departure and aftermath[edit]

On 20 May 2013, Wong Yuk-man announced his resignation from People Power along with Proletariat Political Institute. It was believed to be related to the earlier his earlier split with Stephen Shiu Yeuk-yuen, the owner of the Hong Kong Reporter and People Power's financial supporters over the Occupy Central plan.[9]

In March 2014, in a by-election for the South Horizons West seat on the Southern District Council, the group's chairman Erica Yuen secured second place with 1,083 votes, behind Judy Chan Ka-pui of the New People's Party (2,023 votes) and ahead of veteran Democrat Sin Chung-kai (920 votes).[10]

In the 2015 District Council election, People Power failed to win a seat while chairwoman Erica Yuen who run in South Horizons West again did not win a seat.

The Frontier left the People Power coalition in April 2016 after five years of alliance.

In the 2016 LegCo elections, the People Power formed an electoral alliance with another radical democrat League of Social Democrats. The alliance won two seats in total with two incumbents Leung Kwok-hung and Ray Chan re-elected in the New Territories East. Retiring incumbent Albert Chan failed to help Wong Ho-ming to be elected despite him standing as a second candidate in the New Territories West. After the election, People Power chairwoman Erica Yuen resigned from the office for the election defeat.

Coalition members[edit]

Former coalition members[edit]

Leadership[edit]

List of Chairmen[edit]

Performance in elections[edit]

Legislative Council elections[edit]

Election Number of
popular votes
 % of
popular votes
GC
seats
FC
seats
Total seats +/− Position
2012 176,250Steady 9.73Steady 3 0
3 / 70
1Increase 7thSteady
2016 PP/LSD ticket 1 0
1 / 70
1Decrease 10thIncrease

District Council elections[edit]

Election Number of
popular votes
 % of
popular votes
Total
elected seats
+/−
2011 23,465Steady 1.99Steady
1 / 412
1Decrease
2015 11,503Decrease 0.80Decrease
0 / 431
0Steady

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "People Power". 
  2. ^ 黃毓民倒戈 社民連分裂伙陳偉業牽頭退黨 長毛未有決定, *Ming Pao*, 24 Jan 2011
  3. ^ League on verge of collapse as heavyweights lead party exodus, SCMP, 24 Jan 2011
  4. ^ People Power admit election mistakes, RTHK, 9 Nov 2011
  5. ^ Tanna Chong, "People Power and Neo Democrat radicals punish Democrats," SCMP, 11 September 2012
  6. ^ "Filibustering continues over budget". RTHK. 29 April 2013. Retrieved 30 April 2013. 
  7. ^ Lai, Ying-kit (13 May 2013). "Legco president Jasper Tsang orders end to budget bill filibuster". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 14 May 2013. 
  8. ^ LegCo Reporter Council Meeting 2012-2013 Issue No. 28 (21 May 2013)
  9. ^ But, Joshua (20 May 2013). "Lawmaker Wong Yuk-man quits People Power". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 20 May 2013. 
  10. ^ Democratic Party ponders future after 'crushing' by-election defeat, SCMP, 24 March 2014

External links[edit]