People detained by the International Criminal Court
People detained by the International Criminal Court (ICC) are held in the ICC's detention centre, which is located within a Dutch prison in Scheveningen, The Hague. The ICC was established in 2002 as a permanent tribunal to prosecute individuals for genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and the crime of aggression. As of January 2012, it has issued public arrest warrants for 18 individuals, five of whom are currently in custody of the court. A sixth individual was released after the confirmation of charges against him was declined.
The ICC detention centre is for holding people who have been charged with crimes, not for imprisoning convicted criminals. As such, all detainees are considered innocent until their guilt has been proven. Upon conviction by the ICC, criminals are transferred outside the Netherlands to serve their sentences.
|Location||Scheveningen, The Hague|
|Managed by||The ICC registrar|
The ICC currently has twelve detention cells in a Dutch prison in Scheveningen, The Hague. Suspects held by the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia are held in the same prison and share some facilities, like the fitness room, but have no contact with suspects held by the ICC.
The ICC registrar is responsible for managing the detention centre. The rules governing detainment are contained in Chapter 6 of the Regulations of the Court and Chapter 5 of the Regulations of the Registry. The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) has unrestricted access to the detention centre.
Detainees are provided with meals, but they may also cook for themselves, purchase food from the prison shop, and have ingredients ordered in. However, Charles Taylor's lawyers have complained that "the food which is served is completely eurocentric and not palatable to the African palate".
Detainees are allowed to communicate in private with their defence teams and diplomatic representatives of their countries of origin. They are permitted visits from family members, spouses and partners, and spiritual advisors.
List of detainees
The following table lists all the people who have been held at the ICC detention centre since it was established in 2006. The first person ever detained by the court was Thomas Lubanga, who arrived at the detention centre on March 17, 2006.
Three former prisoners have been released or transferred, including Charles Taylor, who was tried in the Special Court for Sierra Leone. His trial was held at the ICC's facilities in The Hague because of political and security concerns about holding the trial in Freetown.
|Lubanga Dyilo, ThomasThomas Lubanga Dyilo||16 March 2006||—||Appealing sentence of 14 years' imprisonment|||
|Taylor, CharlesCharles Taylor||20 June 2006||15 October 2013||Tried by the Special Court for Sierra Leone, transferred to the United Kingdom to serve his sentence of 50 years' imprisonment|||
|Katanga, GermainGermain Katanga||17 October 2007||—||Sentence of 12 years' imprisonment|||
|Ngudjolo Chui, MathieuMathieu Ngudjolo Chui||7 February 2007||21 December 2012||Released following acquittal; appeal confirming previous sentence|||
|Bemba, Jean-PierreJean-Pierre Bemba||3 July 2008||—||Sentenced to 18 years' imprisonment as of 21 June 2016|||
|Mbarushimana, CallixteCallixte Mbarushimana||25 January 2011||23 December 2011||Released following dismissal of charges|||
|Gbagbo, LaurentLaurent Gbagbo||30 November 2011||—||Case in trial stage|||
|Ntaganda, BoscoBosco Ntaganda||22 March 2013||—||Case in trial stage|||
|Kilolo Musamba, AiméAimé Kilolo Musamba||25 November 2013||—||Case in pre-trial stage|||
|Wandu, FidèleFidèle Wandu||25 November 2013||—||Case in pre-trial stage|||
|Kabongo, Jean-JacquesJean-Jacques Kabongo||4 December 2013||—||Case in pre-trial stage|||
|Arido, NarcisseNarcisse Arido||18 March 2014||—||Case in pre-trial stage|||
|Blé Goudé, CharlesCharles Blé Goudé||22 March 2014||—||Case in trial stage|||
|Ongwen, DominicDominic Ongwen||21 January 2015||—||Case in pre-trial stage|
|al-Faqi al-Mahdi, AhmadAhmad al-Faqi al-Mahdi||26 September 2015||—||Pleaded guilty; sentenced to nine years' imprisonment on September 27, 2016|||
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- International Criminal Court (2007). "ICC Detention Centre" (PDF).. Retrieved on July 7, 2008.
- Emma Thomasson (February 28, 2006). ICC says cells ready for Uganda war crimes suspects. Reuters. Retrieved on July 7, 2008.
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- International Criminal Court (April 2006). FAQ about detention put to Terry Jackson, Chief Custody Officer of the ICC Archived 2007-10-10 at the Wayback Machine.. ICC Newsletter No. 7. Retrieved on July 7, 2008.
- Alexandra Hudson (May 31, 2007). Warlord Taylor's home is lonely Dutch prison. Reuters. Retrieved on July 7, 2008.
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- "The Prosecutor v. Thomas Lubanga Dyilo (ICC-01/04-01/06)". ICC. Retrieved 2013-12-04.
- "Charles Taylor Transferred to the UK for the Enforcement of his Sentence" (PDF). SCSL. 2013-10-15. Retrieved 2013-12-04.
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- "Germain Katanga found guilty of four counts of war crimes and one count of crime against humanity committed in Ituri, DRC". ICC. 2014-03-07. Retrieved 2014-03-07.
- "The Prosecutor v. Mathieu Ngudjolo Chui (ICC-01/04-02/12)". ICC. Retrieved 2013-12-04.
- "The Prosecutor v. Jean-Pierre Bemba Gombo (ICC-01/05-01/08)". ICC. Retrieved 2013-12-04.
- "The Prosecutor v. Callixte Mbarushimana (ICC-01/04-01/10)". ICC. Retrieved 2013-12-04.
- "The Prosecutor v. Laurent Gbagbo (ICC-02/11-01/11)". ICC. Retrieved 2013-12-04.
- "The Prosecutor v. Bosco Ntaganda (ICC-01/04-02/06)". ICC. Retrieved 2013-12-04.
- "The Prosecutor v. Jean-Pierre Bemba Gombo, Aimé Kilolo Musamba, Jean-Jacques Mangenda Kabongo, Fidèle Babala Wandu and Narcisse Arido (ICC-01/09-01/13)". ICC. Retrieved 2013-12-04.
- "ICC-CPI-20140318-MA154: Initial appearance of Narcisse Arido scheduled for 20 March 2014". ICC. 2014-03-18. Retrieved 2014-03-18.
- "ICC-CPI-20140322-PR988: Charles Blé Goudé transferred to the ICC". ICC. 2014-03-22. Retrieved 2014-03-22.
- Situation in the Republic of Mali: The Prosecutor v. Ahmad Al Faqi Al Mahdi Archived 2016-08-03 at the Wayback Machine. (last updated August 24, 2016).
- Ahmad al-Faqi al-Mahdi: The vandal of Timbuktu, BBC News (September 27, 2016).