Peoples' Friendship University of Russia
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|Российский Университет Дружбы Народов|
(Let us be united by knowledge)
|Address||117198, Moscow Miklukho-Maklaya str. 6, Moscow, Russia|
The Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (Russian: Российский университет дружбы народов, РУДН) is an educational and research institution located in southern Moscow. It is ranked by the Ministry of Education of Russia as the country's third-best university after Moscow State University and Saint Petersburg State University. The institution was founded in 1960 as the Peoples' Friendship University (Russian: Университет дружбы народов им. Патриса Лумумбы). Its stated objective during the height of the Cold War was to help developing nations, mainly in Asia, Africa and South America, by providing higher education and professional training. Many students from developed countries also attended the university.
The USSR Government founded the Peoples' Friendship University (PFU) on 5 February 1960. On 22 February 1961, the University was named Patrice Lumumba University after the Congolese independence leader Patrice Lumumba.
Professor Sergey Vasilievich Rumiantsev, Doctor of engineering, Honored scientist of the RF, was the first Rector of the University. He took an active part in the foundation of the University and remained its Rector till 1970. In 1960, Russian language studies for international students started at the preparatory Faculty. On 1 September, the Russian language studies were introduced at the six main faculties of the PFU (Engineering faculty, faculty of History and philology, Medical faculty, Agricultural faculty, faculty of Science, faculty of Law and economics).
The first 288 students from 47 countries graduated in 1965. Around that time international construction teams started to appear, the first student teams of KVN (a Russian improvisation comedy show "Club of the Merry and Inventive") were organized (later on, the PFUR KVN team became one of the most famous teams in the country). In 1966, construction of a new campus in the South-West district of Moscow was started.
Professor Vladimir Frantsevich Stanis, Honored scientist of the RF, Doctor of economics, became the second Rector of the PFU. It was he who proclaimed the «cult of knowledge» at the University, heading it from 1970 to 1993. In this period, the Peoples’ Friendship University became a major international scientific and educational centre. By 1975, the University had more than 5600 graduates, among them 4250 people from 89 foreign countries. That year, the University was awarded the Peoples’ Friendship Order for achievements in training experts for Asian, African and Latin America countries. The University’s name was changed to the Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia on 5 February 1992 by the RF Government, which is considered the University’s founder.
From 1993 to 1998, PFUR was headed by Vladimir Filippov, a 1973 graduate of Patrice Lumumba PFU. He held the position of Minister of Education of the RF from 1998 to 2004, and was appointed the Prime Minister’s Assistant on culture and education in 2004. In the period from 1998 to 2005, PFUR was headed by professor Dmitry Petrovich Bilibin, a 1966 graduate of Patrice Lumumba PFU, Honored scientist of the RF, Doctor of medical sciences. He was acting Rector till 2004, and was elected Rector of the University in 2004. Filippov, professor, Doctor of sciences in physics and mathematics, member of the Presidium of the Russian academy of education, was reelected Rector of the PFUR on 4 March 2005, and has headed the University since then.
The 1990s saw the creation of new faculties and Institutes: Ecological faculty, faculty of Economics, faculty of Law, Philological faculty, faculty of Humanities and social sciences, faculty of Refresher training for health care professionals, Institute of Foreign languages, Institute of Distance learning, Institute of Hospitality business and tourism, Institute of Gravitation and cosmology. The University also developed systems of pre-university and further professional education. 2006 was marked by a 50000th diploma of PFUR, received by Jose Atinensia Villagomez, Engineering faculty graduate from Ecuador.
Training units and centers
- Agrarian faculty
- Agrobiological Department;
- The agricultural engineering Department;
- Department of Veterinary medicine;
- the Department of Technosphere safety;
- The Department of Foreign languages.
- Faculty of Humanitarian and social sciences
- Engineering faculty
- Faculty of the Russian language and general educational disciplines
- Institute of Medicine
- Faculty of Science
- Philological faculty
- Ecological faculty
- Faculty of Economics
- Institute of Law
- Institute of Hospitality business and tourism
- Academic-research Institute of Gravitation and Cosmology
- Institute of foreign languages
- Institute of international programs
- Institute of World economy and business
- Institute of Medico-Biological Problems
The Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia is one of the leading state higher educational institutions of Russia. The university has a multiprofile structure of faculties and majors. More than 77,000 graduates of the university work in 170 countries, among them more than 5500 holders of PhD and Doctorate degrees. Lecturers train specialists in 62 majors and lines of study. More than 29,000 graduate and postgraduate students from 140 countries studying at the university as of 2014[update]. They represent more than 450 nations and nationalities of the world. It has a team of 4,500 employees, among them 2,826 teachers. The university intellectual fund comprises more than 870 author's invention certificates and 150 patents of the Russian Federation in practically all fields of the university's scientific research.
Many foreign and Russian political and public figures, scholars and scientists have become PFUR Emeritus Professors. They include presidents of Namibia, Angola, Sri Lanka, the South African Republic, Gabon, Guyana and Nigeria; prime ministers of Bangladesh and Kazakhstan; a UN Chief Executive Officer on Education, Culture and Science; and a Director of CEPES.
The stated purpose of establishing the university was to give young people from Asia, Africa and Latin America, especially from poor families, an opportunity to be educated and to become qualified specialists.
The organizations that have been mentioned as founders of the university are:
- All-Union Central Soviet of Trade Unions
- Soviet Afro-Asian Solidarity Committee
- Soviet Associations Union of Friendship and Intercultural Relationship
Today, more than 97,000 graduates work in approximately 170 countries around the world. The university has 57 programmes with about 35,000 students (including postgraduates) of 450 ethnicities. About 15,000 of the current students are from outside the Russian Federation, while more than 1,000 are from autonomous regions inside the Russian Federation.
The university staff includes about 5,000 employees; among them are 442 professors and Doctors of Science, 807 associate professors and candidates of science, 91 academicians and Corresponding Members of academies of Russia, 50 Honoured workers of Science of the Russian Federation, 56 PFUR teachers and professors are full members of international academies and learned societies, as well as other general employees.
The student campus of PFUR is situated along Miklukho-Maklaya street starting from Leninsky prospect in the direction of Volgina street. On the even-numbered side you can find: The main building of PFUR (called «Cross»), buildings of faculties of medicine and agriculture, and also sport complex, policlinic, the archives and the new building of the faculty of the Russian language and general educational disciplines, the building of natural sciences and humanitarian faculties hosting the faculty of Humanitarian and social sciences, Institute of hotel business and tourism (IHBT), Institute for international programs (IIP), Institute of Supplementary professional education, postgraduate department.
Education at PFUR
Agrarian Technological Institute 
- founded in 1961
- about 1000 students
- 5 teaching and research departments
- more than 100 teachers, among them 26 DSc (full professors), 66 PhDs
Students of the Agrarian faculty have a unique opportunity to combine basic natural scientific education at the Bachelor’s level with more profound specialization at the Master’s level, including programs on economics and management.
Scientists of the faculty are involved in both theoretic and applied fields.
Faculty of Humanitarian and social sciences 
- founded in 1996 (after re-organization of the Historical-philological faculty)
- more than 2500 students
- 12 departments
- more than 250 teachers, among them 1 corresponding member of the Russian Academy of sciences, 22 academicians of various public academies of sciences, 66 full professors, 118 PhDs.
The faculty follows traditions and makes use of experience accumulated by the departments during the existence of the University, meanwhile successfully introducing new principles and educational technologies.
Modern scientific and technologic innovations are employed in teaching: all classrooms are equipped with multimedia devices; two computer classrooms with laptops and interactive boards have been opened; two classrooms for conference interpreting have been created; exclusive software for conducting research has been purchased.
The faculty maintains close ties and cooperates with universities in France, Germany, Spain, Czech republic, the United States, Canada, China, Egypt, Syria and Iran. PFUR students participate in academic exchange with universities-partners and research centers worldwide. It helps them not only improve professional skills and master foreign languages but also facilitates adaptation to the modern world.
Engineering faculty 
- founded in 1961
- more than 2600 students
- 16 departments
- more than 240 teachers, among them 17 corresponding members and academicians of various academies of sciences, 46 full professors and 110 PhDs.
The main aim of the Engineering faculty is to prepare specialists who apart from their major qualification could head enterprises and run businesses. Thus, students are given tuition discounts at second degree courses. The most popular fields are law, economics and ecology.
The Engineering faculty is polytechnical. Laboratories have the modern equipment allowing research on current problems of world and national architecture and town-building.
Faculty of the Russian language and general educational disciplines 
- founded in 1960
- more than 1000 students
- 9 departments
- about 200 teachers, among them 7 full professors and 62 PhDs.
The faculty teaches the Russian language to foreign students so that they can study at PFUR main faculties and other Russian universities. Foreign students have a one-year intensive course of Russian and the basics of subjects they are going to major in. There are 4 departments of the Russian language, departments of mathematics and information science, chemistry and biology, physics, humanitarian disciplines, history and society studies. The faculty has modern laboratories, computer classrooms, video and multimedia equipment.
The faculty preserves and improves existing traditions and develops new fields of activity: new educational programs, standards and tests are elaborated, innovational educational technologies and concepts are worked out.
Since its foundation more than 20 thousand foreign students have been taught at the faculty. Every year more than 1000 students from more than 140 countries study at the faculty to continue at 62 lines of study and specialties at the main faculties.
The department regularly holds methodology seminars, students work in scientific societies and participate in Olympiads and contests. Scholars of the faculty organize international scientific-research conferences on the problems of teaching Russian as a foreign language and interdisciplinary communication.
Institute for Medicine 
- founded in 1961
- more than 2300 students
- 43 departments and 2 independent courses
- 420 lecturers – 5 academicians and 2 corresponding members of the Russian academy of medical sciences; 24 academicians and corresponding members of social academies, 15 Honored scientists of the RF, 3 laureates of RF State Prizes, 2 laureates of government State Prizes, 132 full professors and 220 PhDs
The Institute for Medicine PFUR has a first-class reputation both in Russia and abroad; its fame rests on the scientists working at the faculty and the graduates. Nowadays, more than 6400 professionals that have been educated at the Institute for Medicine are working in more than 110 countries of the world.
In numerous laboratories with up-to-date diagnostic and research equipment, students attempt penetrating into the mysteries of structure and functioning of the human body and learn how to diagnose diseases and apply innovative methods of treatment. The members of the Institute for Medicine are actively implementing educational programs aimed at teaching new medical technologies to medical staff.
Functioning at the faculty are: the Students’ scientific society that helps students become familiar with research from the beginning; the Young medical doctors’ community; the Students’ theatre «Hippocrates», the lecture centre where lectures in literature, music and history are presented. The pre-university education is provided at the «Medik» medical-biological school (preliminary courses).
Today, the Institute for Medicine of PFUR is equipped with 14 novel clinical laboratories; in the training process, computer testing and TV broadcasting are used. For refinement in practical treatment, subdivisions of computer tomography, liver fiberscanning and andrology have been created.
Faculty of Science 
- founded in 1961
- about 900 students
- 16 departments
- about 280 lecturers, among them 65 full professors and 160 PhDs
At the faculty of Science, a classical combination of specialties characteristic of universities in Europe is practiced. The academic education provided at the faculty allows the graduates to climb the career ladder in various fields.
At present, the members of the faculty are not only working out innovative programs for physics and physical informatics, telecommunication systems, nanostructure optics, etc. but elaborating teaching materials for these disciplines.
At the faculty, allied subjects of physical, physicochemical, radio engineering and engineering profiles are taught with the extensive use of up-to-date laboratory equipment. Integration of intellectual, material and technical, technological and organizational resources makes it possible to carry out the scientific research of post-graduate students and scientists of PFUR at a modern level.
Philological faculty 
- founded in 1996 (after re-organization of the Historical-philological faculty)
- more than 2800 students
- 9 departments
- about 155 teachers, among them 17 corresponding members and academicians, 43 full professors and 120 PhDs.
The Philological faculty is a unity of scholars and practicing teachers who love language and generously share their knowledge with students and colleagues from Russia and abroad.
Scientific life of the faculty is very active: scholars elaborate various trends, apply for and get grants, participate in international, national and branch conferences, seminars and symposia; there are Doctorate dissertation councils for philological, pedagogic and psychological sciences.
Ecological faculty 
- founded in 1992
- 514 students
- 8 departments
- 80 teachers, among them 15 academicians and corresponding members, 35 full professors and 31 PhDs.
At the Ecological faculty students have an opportunity not only to master general educational disciplines but also a whole range of special disciplines in the field of system ecology, human ecology, eco monitoring, eco systems management, eco expertise, radioecology and geoinformation technologies.
Lectures are given by the leading foreign experts in international ecological projects and ecologists from international companies represented in the Russian market. Teachers of the faculty are involved in eco expertise of international companies as well as projects and programs on geoecology, ecology and ecosystem exploitation.
Faculty of Economics 
- founded in 1995 (after re-organization of the faculty of Economics and law)
- more than 1500 students
- 10 departments and 2 laboratories
- 160 teachers, among them 10 academicians and corresponding members of various academies of sciences, 24 full professors and 74 PhDs.
Institute for Law 
- founded in 1995 (after reorganizing the faculty of Economics and law)
- more than 1800 students
- 9 departments
- about 180 lecturers, among hem 3 academicians and corresponding members, 32 full professors and 71 PhD’s
Students of the Institute for Law take part in professional legal practices. While working at the Students’ Advisory Bureau at PFUR, students gain experience working with the public and local authorities. In addition, leading Russian lawyers regularly give master classes at the Institute for Law. The training program is aimed at providing special knowledge necessary for the future professional activity.
The PFUR Institute for Law is one of the few in this country offering a master's degree in law. Law students participate in international exchange programs on a yearly basis. They undergo study courses at universities in France, Spain, Italy, the CzechRepublic, the USA, Finland, Austria, China and other countries.
- Full-time programs (undergraduate, graduate and postgraduate)
- Part-time (night school bachelor's programme)
- Part-time and independent study specialist programme, 1 week per month evening instruction (often erroneously called a form of correspondence courses)
- Correspondence courses
- Double majors
- Additional education courses
- Bachelor's degree (4 years of study)
- State Specialist degree (5 years of study)
- Medical Doctor degree (6 years of Study)
- Master's degree (2 years of study following B.Sc.)
- Ph.D. (3 years after Masters or Specialist)
- D.Sc. (2–3 years after Ph.D.)
Summer schools programms
- Russian language learning
- Short courses (different areas)
- Fatima Abdel Mahmoud, Sudanese politician, leader of the Sudanese Socialist Democratic Union
- Abed Elrahim Abu Zakrra, Sudanese writer and poet
- Irina Khakamada, Russian politician, a member of The Other Russia coalition
- Vladimir Filippov, former Minister of Education and Science of Russia, current Chancellor of the University
- Ilich Ramírez Sánchez, Venezuelan terrorist and assassin (expelled)
- Lucy Seki, Brazilian linguist
- Timoleón Jiménez, leader of FARC
- Rajesh Rajan, President of the Indian Association of Clinical Cardiologists
- Porfirio Lobo, President of Honduras
- Michel Djotodia, President of the Central African Republic
- Hifikepunye Pohamba, President of Namibia
- Anna Chapman, Russian intelligence officer
- Alexei Navalny, Russian lawyer, political and financial activist, and politician
- Bharrat Jagdeo, Former President of Guyana
- Tamar Beruchashvili, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Georgia
- Dieudonné Gnammankou, Beninean historian
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.|
- "Voices from Russia's Cold War 'friendship' university". BBC News. 6 February 2010. Retrieved 6 February 2010.