Pepero

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Alternative name Chocolate-covered pretzel stick
Name Pepero
Alternative name Chocolate-covered pretzel stick
Origin South Korea
Manufacturer Lotte Confectionery Corporation
Invented 1983
Per serving (Calories) 54g (270 kcal)
Pepero Almond sticks

Pepero (Korean name: 빼빼로, English name: chocolate-covered pretzel stick) is a thin cookie stick with compound chocolate dipped in the outer layer. Pepero is manufactured by Lotte Confectionery Corporation[1] in South Korea since 1983.[2] Cocoa mass and flour are the key components to make a package of Pepero. It is exported to about 64 countries worldwide and especially popular in Singapore, Malaysia, and Philippines.[3] Pepero has been awarded numerous times in sales and designs.[4]

Flavors[edit]

As of 2021, Pepero is manufactured in several flavors:

Lotte also released a new version of Pepero, Pepero skinny, which is thinner and is "more crispy."

Marketing[edit]

The most prominent marketing strategy that Lotte Confectionery Corporation implements is held annually on November 11. The marketing strategy company takes improves every year.[5] Due to the COVID-19, sales have been difficult.[6] Hence, the company made an adjustment in marketing by live broadcast and delivery.[7] Lotte Confectionery Corporation launched an exotic ice cream ‘Pepero-bar’ in limited time.[8] Ice cream ‘Pepero-bar’ has used the originality feature of Pepero by covering with almond and displaying “Pepero friends” character as packaging to attract consumers.[9]

Sales[edit]

About 60% of the annual Pepero sales occur around Pepero Day, which is held on November 11.[10] Pepero sales have reached a record high of about 1.1 trillion won in terms of supply prices until 2016. Pepero has successfully settled in the market by advertising Pepero Day.[11] On average, Pepero's daily sales on Pepero Day are about 84 times higher than usual.[12] Lotte Confectionery Corporation actively participates in social contribution with its profits on Pepero since the sales increase every year. The major export regions such as Singapore, China, Russia, and the United States play a big stake in Pepero's sales.[13]

Awards[edit]

  • Watsons Best Selling Snack Award- 2012
  • Watsons Best Selling Biscuit Award- 2014
  • Watsons Best Selling Korean Biscuit Award- 2015[14]
  • Germany's Red Dot Design Award- 2019[15]
  • Germany's iF Design Award- 2020[16]

Social Contribution[edit]

The company donates Pepero to needy neighbors and social organizations.[17] With its record sales and profits, Lotte contributes to establish the local children’s center.[18]

Criticism[edit]

Pepero has been criticized for copying Pocky, which has been manufactured by Japan's Ezaki Glico Company since 1966.[19] The Pocky product was introduced over 17 years before in the market. Ezaki Glico’s Pocky and Lotte Confectionery’s Pepero have a long history and known as rival companies in chocolate-covered stick (pretzel). Since the content of Pocky and Pepero is the same, it is difficult to distinguish the difference between the two products. Ezaki Glico filed a lawsuit against Lotte Confectionery about the trademark, and the shape of the originality of Pocky since Pocky has entered the United States market before Lotte Confectionery’s Pepero. Lotte Confectionery could design partially chocolate-based snacks in a different shape from Pocky. However, the court saw that only this factor could not offset the functionality of Pocky's design. Lotte Confectionery Corporation won the case because the judge concluded that Pocky’s product appearance cannot be protected by trade dress due to its functionality.[20]

Controversy[edit]

Pocky was first released by Ezaki Glico, a Japanese confectionery company, in 1966, 17 years before the introduction of Pepero.

Pepero is "strikingly similar"[21] to the Japanese snack Pocky which is manufactured by the Japanese confectionery company Glico since 1966.[22][23][24] When Pepero was introduced in 1983, Glico considered taking action against what it considered a copycat snack but found it would be difficult, because Pocky was not sold in Korea.[25] As such Pepero has been claimed to be a Korean version of Pocky,[26] Lotte denies that it was inspired by the product.[21][25]

In 2014, Glico sued Lotte which allegedly copied packaging box design of Glico's Baton d'or exclusive series of Pocky and Pretz for Lotte's new product Premier Pepero.[27] On 14 August 2015, Seoul district court ruled that Lotte stole the box design of Glico's products and the ruling is expected to force Lotte to halt its sales of the product and dispose of the existing stock.[28]

On July 10, 2015, Glico filed a lawsuit in the U.S. District Court against Lotte USA for infringing on the trademarks of Pocky. Glico had registered the Pocky's three-dimensional trademarks prior to the launch of Pepero in the U.S.[29]

Pepero Day[edit]

The date is set to November 11, annually. Farmer’s Day is also held in November 11 and referred it as a Garae Tteok Day.[30] Pepero Day was derived from a middle school girl student in Yeongnam district of South Korea.[31] They exchanged Pepero by saying “Let’s be tall and skinny” with well-wishing remarks.[32] Nowadays, couples make Pepero or purchase it from the market in exchange with their gratitude to convey affection.[33] As Pepero day comes to date, the sales of manufacturing companies drastically increase.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "LOTTE Confectionery". www.lotteconf.co.kr. Retrieved 2021-04-17.
  2. ^ (in Korean) Pepero Type Archived 2005-12-16 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ "롯데제과, 해외 누적 매출 5조원 돌파". news.kmib.co.kr (in Korean). 2015-12-23. Retrieved 2021-04-25.
  4. ^ Anais (2020-08-24). "Pepero : the most famous snack in Korea". IVisitKorea. Retrieved 2021-04-25.
  5. ^ 이춘희 (2021-04-14). "롯데제과, 계속 높아지는 영업이익률 - 베타뉴스". 베타뉴스:경제신문의 새로운 지평 (in Korean). Retrieved 2021-04-17.
  6. ^ "하루 앞둔 빼빼로데이". 뉴스1 (in Korean). 2020-11-10. Retrieved 2021-04-17.
  7. ^ "진화하는 빼빼로데이 마케팅…올해는 '굿즈·라방·배달'". 매일일보 (in Korean). 2020-11-09. Retrieved 2021-04-17.
  8. ^ NEWSIS (2020-11-06). "롯데제과 빼빼로, 아이스크림으로 즐기세요". newsis (in Korean). Retrieved 2021-04-17.
  9. ^ 파이낸셜뉴스 (2020-11-08). "롯데리조트부여, '빼빼로&프렌즈' 캐릭터룸 패키지". 파이낸셜뉴스 (in Korean). Retrieved 2021-04-17.
  10. ^ "데이마케팅… 대박 아니면 쪽박". www.yonhapmidas.com (in Korean). Retrieved 2021-04-17.
  11. ^ "20주년 맞은 빼빼로데이, 롯데제과 누적 매출액 1조1000억원". 매일경제 (in Korean). 2016-10-18. Retrieved 2021-04-17.
  12. ^ NEWSIS (2016-12-28). ":: 공감언론 뉴시스통신사 ::". newsis (in Korean). Retrieved 2021-04-17.
  13. ^ 강종훈 (2016-10-27). "빼빼로 수출 '쑥쑥'…"올해 5천만 달러 예상"". 연합뉴스 (in Korean). Retrieved 2021-04-20.
  14. ^ "LOTTE Pepero - Love at First Stick". www.lottesea.com. Retrieved 2021-04-25.
  15. ^ "롯데제과, '2019 레드닷 어워드' 수상". 로이슈. 2019-08-20. Retrieved 2021-04-25.
  16. ^ NEWSIS (2020-02-27). "롯데제과 'iF 디자인 어워드' 본상 수상". newsis (in Korean). Retrieved 2021-04-25.
  17. ^ "롯데제과, 빼빼로·자일리톨껌 수익금으로 사회공헌 적극". 한스경제_한국스포츠경제 (in Korean). 2021-03-25. Retrieved 2021-04-17.
  18. ^ "20주년 맞은 빼빼로데이, 롯데제과 누적 매출액 1조1000억원". 매일경제 (in Korean). 2016-10-18. Retrieved 2021-04-17.
  19. ^ Fifield, Anna. "Japan and South Korea argue over a chocolate-covered pretzel stick". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2021-04-21.
  20. ^ "포키-빼빼로의 6년간 상표 분쟁 막 내려 - 투자진출 - KOTRA 해외시장뉴스". news.kotra.or.kr. Retrieved 2021-04-21.
  21. ^ a b "Japan and South Korea argue over a chocolate-covered pretzel stick". The Washington Post. November 11, 2015. Lotte Confectionery, a South Korean food company, started making a similar product — while denying it had copied Pocky — called Pepero in 1983.
  22. ^ "Pocky's history". Glico.
  23. ^ 製品の歴史 ポッキー編 [Product history - Pocky] (in Japanese). Ezaki Glico. Archived from the original on July 1, 2013.
  24. ^ Park, Tae-Hee (November 7, 2013). "Glico finds partner for Korean market". Korea Joongang Daily. JoongAng Ilbo. Retrieved December 27, 2013.
  25. ^ a b Gale, Alastair (November 11, 2013). "On Pepero Day, a Japanese Rival Lurks". Dow Jones & Company, Inc. Retrieved November 11, 2013.
  26. ^ グリコの「本家」ポッキー、韓国上陸へ ロッテに対抗 [Glico's original, Pocky to land Korea competing against Lotte] (in Japanese). The Asahi Shimbun. May 15, 2013. Archived from the original on 17 May 2013.
  27. ^ "EZAKI GLICO : Glico sues S. Korea's Lotte over "copied" packaging design". 4-traders.com. 26 December 2014. Archived from the original on 27 December 2014.
  28. ^ "Court rules Lotte copied rival's snack design". The Korea Herald. August 23, 2015.
  29. ^ "Inadmissible: Company Accused of Trademark Infringement, Rapper 50 Cent Doesn't Have 50 Cents, Files for Bankruptcy". New Jersey Law Journal. July 16, 2015.
  30. ^ NEWSIS (2020-11-10). "11월11일은 '가래떡데이'". newsis (in Korean). Retrieved 2021-04-17.
  31. ^ 아시아타임즈. "[잊지마, 기념일] 11월 11일 빼빼로데이의 기원은 다이어트?". 아시아타임즈 (in Korean). Retrieved 2021-04-17.
  32. ^ "2019년 11월 11일, 빼빼로데이·가래떡데이…유래와 의미는?". 이투데이 (in Korean). 2019-11-11. Retrieved 2021-04-17.
  33. ^ "빼빼로데이 맞이 연인을 위한 이色 선물 3종류 추천". 문화뉴스 (in Korean). 2020-11-11. Retrieved 2021-04-17.

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