Peppered flounder

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Peppered flounder
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Pleuronectiformes
Family: Pleuronectidae
Genus: Paralichthodes
Gilchrist, 1902
Species: P. algoensis
Binomial name
Paralichthodes algoensis
Gilchrist, 1902

The peppered flounder (Paralichthodes algoensis) is a flatfish of the Pleuronectidae family and the only species of the genus Paralichthodes. It is a demersal fish that lives on sandy and muddy bottoms in subtropical waters, at depths of up to 100 metres (330 ft). Its native habitat is the southeastern Atlantic and the western Indian Ocean, specifically the African coastline from Mossel Bay, South Africa, to Delagoa Bay, Mozambique. It grows up to 50 centimetres (20 in) in length.[2][3]


The peppered flounder is a right-eyed flounder with an elongated, oval body. Its upper surface is brownish grey with small dark spots and its underside is white. The lateral line is equally developed on both sides. It has a relatively large, symmetrical mouth.[2][3]


  1. ^ "Paralichthodes algoensis". IUCN Red List. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2011-07-29. 
  2. ^ a b Ranier Froese and Daniel Pauly, ed. (5 June 2009). "Paralichthodes algoensis". Fishbase. Retrieved 2009-06-24. 
  3. ^ a b Evseenko, Sergei A. (February 2004). "Family Pleuronectidae Cuvier 1816 — righteye flounders" (PDF). Calif. Acad. Sci. Annotated Checklists of Fishes. 37: 37pp. Retrieved 2011-08-02.