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|Place of origin||United States|
|460 kcal (1926 kJ)|
|Cookbook: Pepperoni Media: Pepperoni|
Pepperoni is characteristically soft, slightly smoky, and bright red in color. Thinly sliced pepperoni is a popular pizza topping in American-style pizzerias and is used as filling in the West Virginia pepperoni roll. It is also used to make some varieties of submarine sandwiches.
In Italian, the word peperoncino (diminutive of peperone) only refers to hot and spicy peppers, or sometimes to small, sweet kinds, while peperoni refers only to sweet peppers, such as bell peppers.
Pepperoni is a cured dry sausage similar to the spicy salamis of southern Italy, such as salsiccia Napoletana piccante, a spicy dry sausage from Naples, or the soppressata from Calabria. The main differences are that pepperoni has a finer grain (akin to salami of Milan, a spiceless regional variant of salami), is usually softer, and is produced with the use of an artificial casing (instead Italian salami are produced using natural gut for casing). Pepperoni is mass-produced to meet the demand for the sausage.
|Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)|
|Energy||1,940 kJ (460 kcal)|
|Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient Database
Pepperoni is usually made from a mixture of pork and beef; halāl pepperoni is all beef; turkey is also commonly used as a substitute, but the use of poultry in pepperoni must be appropriately labeled in the United States. In the Caribbean Islands and other parts of the world, donkey and horse meat are common ingredients.
Curing, with nitrates and/or nitrites (usually used in modern curing agents, to protect against botulism and other forms of microbiological decay) also contributes (though those compounds are quite neutral in hue) to pepperoni's reddish colour, by reacting with heme in the myoglobin of the proteinaceous components of the meat.
These usually appear in modern curing agents, and protect against botulism and other forms of microbiological decay. Though themselves white, their reaction with heme in the myoglobin of the proteinaceous compounds of the meat, gives pepperoni its reddish colour, and use of paprika and cayenne can contribute additional redness.
Pepperoni sausages are commonly sold in two sizes: an inch or so in diameter for pizza and two to three inches in diameter for sandwiches. Pepperoni is sold whole, chopped, or in slices, and is commonly found in American deli counters.
Ingredients such as peppers, garlic, fennel, or mustard seeds can be included in the production of pepperoni to provide different flavors and levels of spiciness. Likewise, the type of meat used to produce pepperoni can vary. Pepperoni may be substituted by similar cured meats like Genoa salami, soppressata, or chorizo.
Pepperoni has a tendency to curl up from the edges in the heat of a pizza oven. Some pepperoni is produced in thicker slices, so that the edges curl intentionally.
Use on pizza
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Pepperoni can also be found accompanying different types of cheeses as a cheap snack food in Canadian and some American convenience stores or gas stations. The portions of pepperoni and cheese are typically at equal lengths for ease of consumption, although it is not unusual to find packages containing small, bite sized pieces of pepperoni and cheese in many super markets across either country.
- "How Food Works: Pepperoni is Raw Meat?". Archived from the original on 2009-02-24.
- Peery, Susan Mahnke; Reavis, Charles G. (2002). Home Sausage Making: How-to Techniques for Making and Enjoying 100 Sausages at Home (3rd ed.). North Adams, Mass.: Storey Books. ISBN 978-1-58017-471-8.
- Moskin, Julia. "Pepperoni: On Top". The New York Times. Retrieved 11 May 2016.
- Moskin, Julia (February 1, 2011). "Pepperoni: On Top". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013-04-22.
- "America's Most Popular Pizza Toppings". The Huffington Post. October 5, 2011. Retrieved 2013-04-22.
According to a survey done by Technomic’s MenuMonitor from July to September 2011 based on 235 different pizza places in America pepperoni and plain cheese were the #1 and #2 most popular pizza’s ordered.
- www.agraria.org. "Salumi tipici italiani: Salsiccia - Salsiccia Napoletano - Salsiccia Siena - Salsiccia Toscana". Agraria.org. Retrieved 2016-02-04.
- "Soppressata calabrese | Ricette di Calabria". Ricettedicalabria.it. Retrieved 2016-02-04.
- Food Standards and Labelling Policy Book, USDA, pp. 133–134.
- "Homemade Pepperoni Recipe". (From: Home Sausage Making, by Charles G. Reavis, Storey Books). About.com. Retrieved 2013-04-22.
- López-Alt, J. Kenji (December 11, 2012). "The Food Lab: Why Does Pepperoni Curl?". Seriouseats.com. Retrieved 2013-04-22.
- "Pizza Palates Changing". Convenience Store Decisions. 2009-06-01. Retrieved 2013-04-25.
- Smith, Andrew F. (2007) Entry for Pepperoni. The Oxford Companion to American Food and Drink. p. 447. ISBN 0195307968.
- Palumbo, S. A., et al. (January 1976). Microbiology and Technology of the Pepperoni Process (abstract). Journal of Food Science. Volume 41, Issue 1. pages 12–17. (subscription required)
- Palumbo, S. A. et al. (July 1977). Kinetics of Pepperoni Drying (abstract). Journal of Food Science. Volume 42, Issue 4. pages 1029–1033. (subscription required)