Peppino De Filippo

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Peppino De Filippo
Liliana Bonfatti e Peppino De Filippo.jpg
Born
Giuseppe De Filippo

(1903-08-24)24 August 1903
Naples, Italy
Died27 January 1980(1980-01-27) (aged 76)
Rome, Italy
OccupationActor
Height1.69 m (5 ft 7 in)
Spouse(s)Adele Carloni
Lidia Martora
Lelia Mangano
ChildrenLuigi De Filippo
Parent(s)Luisa De Filippo
Eduardo Scarpetta
RelativesEduardo De Filippo (brother)
Titina De Filippo (sister)
Eduardo Passarelli (half-brother)
Ernesto Murolo (half-brother)
Pietro Carloni (brother-in-law)
Ester Carloni (sister-in-law)

Peppino De Filippo (born Giuseppe De Filippo; 24 August 1903 – 27 January 1980) was an Italian actor.[1][2][3]

De Filippo was born in Naples, brother of actor and dramatist Eduardo De Filippo[4] and of Titina De Filippo. He made his stage debut at the age of six. He played in several movies such as Rome-Paris-Rome, Variety Lights, A Day in Court, Ferdinand I, King of Naples and Boccaccio '70. He is however most remembered for his several artistic partnerships with Totò, on movies such as Totò, Peppino e la malafemmina and La banda degli onesti. He died in Rome at age 76.

Biography[edit]

He was born from the affair between playwright and actor Eduardo Scarpetta and theatre seamstress and costumier Luisa De Filippo. He was the second of three children born from the couple, the other two being Annunziata "Titina" and Eduardo. His father was actually married since 1876 to Rosa De Filippo, Luisa's paternal aunt. His father Eduardo had several other illegitimate children from various affairs (including actors Ernesto Murolo, Eduardo Passarelli and Pasquale De Filippo).

After several attempts with different acting companies, as a utility player, in 1931 he and his siblings founded the Compagnia Teatro Umoristico: i De Filippo. It was a very successful experience, featuring tours all over Italy, new comedies, enthusiastic ratings by critics, and sold out in theaters.

However, in 1944, due to a controversy with his brother, Peppino abandoned the company. The separation would allow him to find his own stylistic footprint as an author, being easily distinguishable from Eduardo's: Peppino's comedies are usually easier and more brilliant.

Peppino repeatedly showed his extraordinary versatility; particularly noteworthy are his performance in The Caretaker by Harold Pinter and in The Miser by Molière (as Harpagon), where he proved to be a skillful actor whose ability had grown beyond brilliant and dialect plays.

Peppino should be defined an actor as well as a popular TV and cinema star. His partnership with Totò in many films has been one among the most interesting collaborations in the Italian comical cinema genre. Their movies obtained an outstanding success, despite being snubbed by critics. Worth a mention are Totò, Peppino e la malafemmina, Totò, Peppino e i fuorilegge, and La banda degli onesti. He worked with Federico Fellini as well, for instance in Boccaccio '70, and with Alberto Lattuada.

He also invented Pappagone, a character for a TV show. He represented a humble servant of Cummendatore Peppino De Filippo (the title of Commendatore is a public honour of the Italian Republic). He performed as a sort of usher, a typical character of the Neapolitan theatre, and coined many funny phrases and an own jargon, that would transform into popular sayings. He married three times, and his first wife Adele Carloni gave him Luigi, who is successfully carrying on his father's work.

He was married three times. From his first wife Adele (or Adelina) Carloni he had his only child, Luigi De Filippo. His second wife was actress Lidia Martora (pseudonym of Lidia Maresca) and was the sister of dancer Marisa Maresca. He married for the third time to Lelia Mangano. The actor Pietro Carloni (his first wife Adele's brother) was married to his sister Titina. The actress Ester Carloni was another sibling of his wife Adele.

Filmography[edit]

Theater works[edit]

  • Trampoli e cilindri, (Un atto in dialetto napoletano) (1927)
  • Un ragazzo di campagna, (Farsa in due parti) (1931)
  • Don Raffaele il trombone, (Commedia in un atto) (1931)
  • Spacca il centesimo, (Commedia in un atto) (1931)
  • Miseria bella, (Farsa in un atto) (1931)
  • Cupido scherza...e spazza, (Farsa in un atto in dialetto napoletano) (1931)
  • Una persona fidata, (Farsa in un atto) (1931)
  • Aria paesana, (Storia vecchia uguale per tutti in un atto) (1931)
  • Quale onore!, (Farsa in un atto) (1931)
  • Amori...e balestre!, (Farsa in un atto in dialetto napoletano) (1931)
  • Caccia grossa!, (Un atto ironico romantico) (1932)
  • A Coperchia è caduta una stella, (Farsa campestre in due parti) (1933)
  • La lettera di mammà, (Farsa in due parti) (1933)
  • Quaranta...ma non li dimostra, (Commedia in due parti in collaborazione con Titina De Filippo) (1933)
  • Il ramoscello d'olivo, (Farsa in un atto) (1933)
  • I brutti amano di più, (Commedia romantica in tre parti) (1933)
  • Un povero ragazzo!, (Commedia in tre atti e quattro quadri) (1936)
  • Il compagno di lavoro!, (Un atto in dialetto napoletano) (1936)
  • Bragalà paga per tutti!, (Un atto in dialetto napoletano) (1939)
  • Il grande attore!, (Commedia in un atto) (1940)
  • Una donna romantica e un medico omeopatico, (Da una commedia -parodia in cinque atti di Riccardo di Castelvecchio. Riduzione in tre atti in dialetto napoletano) (1940)
  • Non è vero... ma ci credo!, (Commedia in tre atti) (1942)
  • Quel bandito sono io!, (Farsa in tre atti e quattro quadri) (1947)
  • L'ospite gradito!, (Tre atti comici) (1948)
  • Quel piccolo campo..., (Commedia in tre atti) (1948)
  • Per me come se fosse!, (Commedia in due parti e quattro quadri) (1949)
  • Carnevalata, (Un atto) (1950)
  • Gennarino ha fatto il voto, (Farsa in tre atti) (1950)
  • I migliori sono così, (Farsa in due parti e otto quadri) (1950)
  • Pronti? Si gira!, (Satira buffa in un atto) (1952)
  • Pranziamo insieme!, (Farsa in un atto) (1952)
  • Io sono suo padre!, (Commedia in due parti e quattro quadri) (1952)
  • Pater familias, (Commedia in un atto) (1955)
  • Noi due!, (Commedia in un atto) (1955)
  • Un pomeriggio intellettuale, (Commedia in un atto) (1955)
  • Dietro la facciata, (Commedia in un atto) (1956)
  • Le metamorfosi di un suonatore ambulante, (Farsa all'antica in un prologo, due parti e cinque quadri. Con appendice e musiche di Peppino De Filippo) (1956)
  • Il talismano della felicità, (Farsa in un atto) (1956)
  • La collana di cento noccioline, (Commedia in un atto) (1957)
  • Omaggio a Plauto, (Un atto) (1963)
  • Tutti i diavoli in corpo, (Un atto) (1965)
  • L'amico del diavolo, (Commedia in tre atti) (1965)

Bibliography[edit]

  • Giulia Lunetta Savino (introduction by Massimo Troisi). Il buffone e il poveruomo, Dedalo, 1990.
  • Enrico Giacovelli, Enrico Lancia. Peppino De Filippo, Gremese, 1992.
  • Rodolfo Di Gianmarco, Leila Mangano. TuttoPeppino, Gremese, 1992.
  • Alberto Anile. Totò e Peppino, fratelli d'Italia, Einaudi, 2001.
  • Marco Giusti. Pappagone e non solo. Mondadori, 2003.
  • Antonella Ottai. Vita è arte: Peppino De Filippo. Rai Eri, 2003.
  • Pasquale Sabbatino, Giuseppina Scognamiglio. Peppino De Filippo e la comicità nel Novecento. Edizioni scientifiche italiane, 2005.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Weiler, A.H. (May 7, 1965). "Screen: 'Variety Lights':First Fellini Picture Seen on Double Bill". The New York Times.
  2. ^ T. M. P. (September 30, 1949). "At the Little CineMet". The New York Times.
  3. ^ Crowther, Bosley (February 2, 1963). "Screen: Lively Gassman:He Cheats Even Himself in 'Love and Larceny'". The New York Times.
  4. ^ "Eduardo De Filippo". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 16, 2014.

External links[edit]