Perëndi is an old Illyrian word for God and the sky, especially invoked in incantations and songs praying for rain. He was also an Illyrian god of thunder or storm-god. After the spreading of Christianity in Albania his name was and still is retained in Albanian as the ordinary designation for God.
The word might be derived from perëndoj "to set (of the sun)", which might be borrowed from Latin parentare "to bring a sacrifice (to the dead), to satisfy" or Latin imperantem "ruling" (Alb. dielli perëndon "the sun sets", perhaps ultimately a calque on Greek ο ήλιος βασιλεύει "the sun sets", literally "the sun reigns").
Others see a connection to Indo-European *per(-kwu)- "oak god" or "thunder god" by possible association (see Perkwunos for a discussion of the possible etymologies of these groups of gods, the Perën- element might be related to Slavic Perun, from *per "to strike" perhaps, and the -di to *dyeus e.g. Greek Zeus). If this conjecture is correct, the word could have an "Illyro-Thracian" origin.[full citation needed] In Albanian mythology, he is the consort of Prende.
- Gamkrelidze, Ivanov - Indo-European and the Indoeuropeans, p. 528, Mouton de Gruyter, 1995
- Lurker, Manfred (1984). The Routledge Dictionary of Gods and Goddesses, Devils and Demons, Taylor & Francis e-Library. p.150 Cite error: Invalid
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- If this view is correct, it might point to an albanian solar cult -- Orel Vladimir - A concise historical grammar of the albanian language, p. 263, Brill, 2000
- Orel Vladimir - Albanian etymological dictionary, pp. 315-316, Brill, 1998
- Dept. of Russian and Language Studies, University of Melbourne (2003). Australian Slavonic and East European Studies. 17-18: 18 https://books.google.com/books?id=Jw5KAAAAYAAJ&q=perendi+sky&dq=perendi+sky&hl=en&ei=NC42TKP4JdW6jAfG7qj-Aw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10&ved=0CE8Q6AEwCQ. Retrieved 2010-07-09.
Perëndi, Perëndija, a primitive Illyro-Thracian God of the Sky and Thunder invoked especially in songs praying for the rainMissing or empty
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