|Per Johan Valentin Anger|
7 December 1913|
25 August 2002 (aged 88)|
|Years active||1940 to 1979|
|Known for||Assisting Raoul Wallenberg in the rescue of Hungarian Jews from Nazis in World War II|
|Spouse(s)||Elena Wikstrom Anger|
|Parent(s)||David and Elsa Anger|
Per Johan Valentin Anger (7 December 1913 – 25 August 2002) was a Swedish diplomat. Anger was Raoul Wallenberg's co-worker at the Swedish legation in Budapest during World War II when many Jews were saved because they were supplied with Swedish passports. After the war, he spent a lot of time trying to clarify Wallenberg's fate.
Early career and World War II
Born in Gothenburg, Anger studied law at Stockholm University and later at Uppsala University. After graduating in November 1939, he was drafted into the Army. Soon afterwards, the Ministry for Foreign Affairs offered him a trainee position at the Swedish legation in Berlin, which he began in January 1940. Anger was assigned to the trade department, but after the legation received information about an impending Nazi attack on Norway and Denmark, he became involved in relaying intelligence to Stockholm. In June 1941, he returned to Stockholm, where he worked on trade relations between Sweden and Hungary. In November 1942, he was sent to Budapest as Second Secretary at the Swedish legation.
After Germany invaded Hungary on 19 March 1944, Anger became involved in efforts to aid Hungarian Jews. Anger originated the idea of issuing Swedish provisional passports and special certificates to protect Jews from internment and deportation. Seven hundred of these documents were issued initially. Although the legality of the documents was doubtful, the Hungarian government agreed to recognize their bearers as Swedish citizens. On 9 July, Raoul Wallenberg arrived in Budapest. He immediately extended Anger's initiative, introducing colorful protective passes (Schutzpasse) and creating "safe houses" throughout the city. Anger and Wallenberg worked together, often literally snatching people from transports and death marches. After the Soviets invaded in January 1945, both Anger and Wallenberg were taken into custody. Anger was released three months later, but Wallenberg never emerged again, becoming one of the 20th century's most famous missing persons.
After the war, Anger served in numerous diplomatic posts in Egypt, Ethiopia, France, Austria and the United States. He later became head of Sweden's international aid program and served as ambassador to Australia, Canada and the Bahamas. Throughout his post-war career, Anger led efforts to learn what happened to Wallenberg, even meeting personally with Soviet president Mikhail Gorbachev in the 1980s. In 2000, the Russian government finally acknowledged that Wallenberg and his driver died in Soviet custody in 1947, although the exact circumstances of their deaths remain unclear.
In April, 2002 Swedish Prime Minister Göran Persson awarded Anger the Illis Quorum Meruere Labores (For Those Whose Labors Have Deserved It) for his actions during and after the war. This is the highest award that can be conferred upon an individual Swedish citizen by the Government of Sweden.
Per Anger Prize
The Per Anger Prize was instituted by the Swedish Government to honor the memory of ambassador Per Anger and is awarded for humanitarian work and initiatives in the name of democracy. The prize is awarded to individuals or groups who have distinguished themselves either in the past or in more recent times.
|Gennaro Verolino||2004||Saved over 30,000 Jews from the Holocaust|
|Arsen Sakalov||2005||Documenting abuses in the republic of Chechnya|
|Ales Bialiatski||2006||Publicly struggling for human rights|
|Yolanda Becerra||2007||Defying armed force in an intimidating environment,
in order to strengthen the voices that risk being silenced
|Sebastian Bakare||2008||Fighting against oppression and for freedom of speech|
|Brahim Dahane||2009||Struggle for human rights during the conflict
between Morocco and Western Sahara
|Elena Urlaeva||2010||Human rights activist in a hostile environment|
|Narges Mohammadi||2011||Publicly struggling for human rights
and the freedom of women in Iran
|Sapiyat Magomedova||2012||Human rights lawyer in a violent and risky environment|
|Justine Ijeomah||2013||Fights for the poor and poorly educated, and for
doggedly working to abolish the death penalty
|Rita Mahato||2014||Struggle against sexual violence aimed towards women and girls|
|Islena Rey Rodríguez||2015||Human rights activist in a hostile environment|
|Abdullah al-Khateeb||2016||Spokesperson and peaceful protester for human
rights in Syria
|Gégé Katana Bukuru||2017||Fighting for women's rights and against sexual violence|
- Per Anger. Swedish diplomat who, along with Raoul Wallenberg, saved thousands of Jews from Nazi death camps (The Guardian, 29 August 2002)
- " Per Anger Secretary of the Swedish Legation in Budapest, Hungary, 1944-45", The International Raoul Wallenberg Foundation
- Per Anger, Co-saviour with Raoul Wallenberg of Hungarian Jews (Independent.co.uk. August 30, 2002)
- Per Anger, 88, a Diplomat Who Helped Jews, Is Dead (New York Times. August 29, 2002)
- Per Anger - his activity to save Jews' lives during the Holocaust, at Yad Vashem website
- Forum För Levande Historia http://www.levandehistoria.se/projekt/peranger/english/about
- Antonio Pintauro. "Diocesi di Acerra - Una scuola a Budapest per Verolino". diocesiacerra.it. Retrieved 2016-12-08.
- Forum For Living History https://www.levandehistoria.se/english/about-us/anger-prize/prize-winners/2017-gege-katana-bukuru
This article needs additional citations for verification. (June 2007) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- Skoglund, Elisabeth R. A Quiet Courage -- Per Anger, Wallenberg's Co-Liberator of Hungarian Jews. (published by Baker Books. 1997)
| Consul general of Sweden in San Francisco
Carl Henrik Petersén
Gösta af Petersens
| Ambassador of Sweden to Australia
| Ambassador of Sweden to Canada
| Ambassador of Sweden to The Bahamas