|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
As of 2001[update] India census, Peralam had a population of 5,844. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Peralam has an average literacy rate of 80%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 84%, and female literacy is 77%. In Peralam, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age. This town had a meter gauge railway line from French colonial days going eastwards via Pattucoudy, Ambagarathur and Thirunallar to Karaikal city these trains were to or from Mayaladuturai (Mayavaram). There were trains going southwards to Thiruvarur too thus was called Peralam Junction,and the railway station had a customs house. There are very frequent bus services to Thiruvarur, Mayiladuturai, Karaikal, Tanjavur, Kumbakonam, Trichy etc. There is a lodge and many general stores , small hotels too function here. Peralam has a famous Shiva temple, Swambunathar is the presiding deity here.The town is surrounded by many great temples all around. Thirunallar, Karaikal Ammayar temple, Thirumeechiyoor, Thirupamburam, Lord Shaniswarars birth place, Ambal and Makkalam temples, Thirukottaru, Koonthannur Saraswathidevi Temple, Naramugha Ganapathi temple, Siripulyur and Tezhazandur Divyadesam, Vazhavur Veerateswarar, Komal temples, Nalladai Agneeswarar are few famous temples within ten miles from Peralam.
Sri Sankara Matriculation Higher Secondary School
Sri Sankara Matric Higher Secondary School was established in the year 1989. It was brought under the C.P.G. Educational Public Charitable Trust which was created on 24th Dec 2001.
The Chairman and the Managing Trustee is Thiru.C.P.G.Vettri Selvam. S/o C.P.Ganesan, Kaduvangudi village Kollumangudi (post) Nannilam(TK). who has the ambition to give quality education and to meet the educational needs of children of the Peralam town panchayat Nannilam (TK) and Thiruvarur district irrespective of caste, creed or religion. He desires to develop the young minds into total and multisided personality which is the main objective of the school. The school is located in beautiful scenic, pollution free and natural surroundings
C.P.G. Sri Sankara Matric. Hr. Sec . School was upgraded to middle school in 1998 and it blossomed into a well equipped matriculation school in the year 1999. The school sent the first batch of Std X students during the year 2000 and obtained cent percent result. The school was upgraded to Hr.Sec.School in the year 2006.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
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