Peraluminous rock

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Peraluminous rocks are igneous rocks that have a molecular proportion of aluminium oxide higher than the combination of sodium oxide, potassium oxide and calcium oxide.[1] This contrasts with peralkaline in which the alkalis are higher, metaluminous where aluminium oxide concentration is lower than the combination, but above the alkalis, and subaluminous in which aluminia concentration is lower than the combination. Examples of peraluminous minerals include biotite, muscovite, cordierite, andalusite and garnet.

Peraluminous corresponds to the aluminum saturation index values greater than 1.[2]

Peralumneous magmas can form S-type granitoids and have been linked to collisional orogenies and to the formation of tin, tungsten and silver deposits like the those in the Bolivian tin belt.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Blatt, Harvey and Robert J. Tracy, Petrology, Freeman, 2nd ed., 1995, p. 516 ISBN 0-7167-2438-3
  2. ^ Ludington, Steve; Victor G. Mossotti (6 August 2008). "Aluminum saturation, alkalinity, and magma series". 33rd International Geologic Congress. Retrieved 22 September 2013. 
  3. ^ Mlynarczyk, Michael S.J.; Williams-Jones, Anthony E. (2005). "The role of collisional tectonics in the metallogeny of the Central Andean tin belt". Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 240: 656–667.