Percent for Art

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The term percent for art refers to a program, often a city ordinance, where a fee, usually some percentage of the project cost, is placed on large scale development projects in order to fund and install public art. The details of such programs vary from area-to-area. Similar programs, such as "art in public places", attempt to achieve similar goals by requiring that public art be part of a project, yet they often allow developers to pay in-lieu fees to a public art fund as an alternative.

Percent-for-art programs are used to fund public art where private or specialized funding of public art is unavailable.

History[edit]

From 1934 to 1943, the Section of Painting and Sculpture in the United States Department of the Treasury followed a policy requiring one percent of the cost of federal buildings to be applied toward art and decoration. In 1959, Philadelphia adopted the first such municipal ordinance in the United States.[1] Other jurisdictions followed suit, including Baltimore in 1964, San Francisco and Hawaii in 1967, and Seattle in 1973.[2][3][4]

More than half of the states now maintain percent-for-art programs.[5] On the federal level, since 1963 the General Services Administration has maintained the Art in Architecture Program, which allocates one-half of one percent of construction cost for art projects.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lloyd M. Abernethy (1988). Benton Spruance, the Artist and the Man. Associated University Presses. pp. 118–119. ISBN 978-0-87982-517-1. 
  2. ^ Alan J. Stein, "Seattle's 1 Percent for Art Program", HistoryLink, October 18, 2013.
  3. ^ Tom Finkelpearl; Vito Acconci (January 2001). Dialogues in Public Art. MIT Press. pp. 20–21 & passim. ISBN 978-0-262-56148-8. 
  4. ^ Roger L. Kemp (29 October 2004). Cities and the Arts: A Handbook for Renewal. McFarland. pp. 13–15. ISBN 978-0-7864-2007-0. 
  5. ^ "State Percent for Art Programs", National Association of State Arts Agencies (accessed 2015-07-03).
  6. ^ "Art in Architecture Program", General Services Administration (accessed 2015-07-03).

External links[edit]