|Privately owned Hunting Percival P.66 Pembroke C.1 takes off in 2008|
|Manufacturer||Percival Aircraft Company|
|First flight||21 November 1952|
|Primary user||Royal Air Force|
|Variants||Percival Merganser |
The Pembroke was a development of the Percival Prince civil transport. It had a longer wing to permit a higher fully laden weight. The prototype flew on 21 November 1952. Production was complete in early 1958.
It entered service with the Royal Air Force as the Percival Pembroke C.1 in 1953 to replace the Avro Anson for light transport duties. As with other RAF transports, the passenger seats are rearward-facing for improved safety.
Six were produced as the Pembroke C(PR).1 photographic reconnaissance aircraft. These saw use by No. 81 Squadron RAF during the Malayan Emergency. The RAF's Pembrokes were modified to extend their lifespan in 1970. The last unit to use them was No. 60 Squadron RAF based at RAF Wildenrath in Germany, these were withdrawn from use in 1988 and were replaced by the Hawker Siddeley Andover.
The Finnish Air Force operated two aircraft for aerial photography between 1956 and 1968, on behalf of the National Land Survey of Finland. One of the aircraft was destroyed when it hit a snow wall during landing in 1965. The other aircraft is currently stored at the Aviation Museum of Central Finland.
- P.66 Pembroke C.1
- Communications and transport variant for the RAF, 44 built.
- P.66 Pembroke C(PR).1
- Photographic reconnaissance variant for the RAF, six built and two conversions from C.1.
- P.66 Pembroke C.51
- Export variant for Belgium.
- P.66 Pembroke C.52
- Export variant for Sweden. Swedish military designation Tp 83.
- P.66 Pembroke C.53
- Export variant for Finland.
- P.66 Pembroke C.54
- Export variant for West Germany.
- P.66 Pembroke C.55
- Export variant for Sudan.
- P.66 President
- Civil transport version, five built.
- Belgian Air Force operated 12 C.51s from 1954 to 1976.
- South Rhodesian Air Force operated two C.1 aircraft diverted from Royal Air Force contract.
- Royal Air Force operated 56 aircraft delivered from 1953.
- Empire Test Pilots' School
- RM-4 – On static display at the Brussels Aviation Museum in Brussels.
- RM-7 – On static display with the Dakota Documentation Centre at Melsbroek Air Base in Steenokkerzeel, Flemish Brabant.
- 54+02 – C.54 on static display at the Sinsheim Auto & Technik Museum in Sinsheim, Baden-Württemberg. It is painted as D-CAKE.
- 54+07 – C.54 on static display at the Militärhistorisches Museum Flugplatz Berlin-Gatow in Gatow, Berlin.
- 54+08 – C.54 on static display at the Aeronauticum in Nordholz, Lower Saxony.
- 54+21 – C.54 on static display at the Flugausstellung Hermeskeil in Hermeskeil, Rhineland-Palatinate.
- 54+24 – C.54 on static display at the Flugausstellung Hermeskeil in Hermeskeil, Rhineland-Palatinate.
- 83007 – Tp 83 on static display at the Svedino Automobile and Aviation Museum in Ugglarp, Halland.
- 83008 – Tp 83 airworthy at the Västerås Flygmuseum in Västerås, Västmanland. It is registered as SE-BKH and previously served with the Royal Air Force as XK884.
- United Kingdom
- WV740 – C.1 airworthy with Mark Anthony Stott in Exeter, Devon. It is registered as G-BNPH.
- WV746 – C.1 on static display at the Royal Air Force Museum Cosford in Cosford, Shropshire. It was formerly the personal aircraft of the Commander in Chief of the Air Support Command in the 1970s and was modified around that time to carry a wheelchair ramp. It later served with 60 Squadron in Germany in the 1980s.
- XL954 – C.1 airworthy with Air Atlantique in Coventry, West Midlands. It is registered as G-BXES. It was previously owned by the Classic Air Force.
- United States
- XF796 – C.1 airworthy with Giuseppe Baldassarri in Carrollton, Georgia.
- RM-1 – Currently on Static display in Oshkosh Wisconsin. It previously served with the Belgian Air Force.
- RM-9-C.51 stored outside at Anoka-Blaine airport Slated to be dismantled and moved to Nashville Michigan / Round Engine Aero.
Currently sat at raf st athan next to the runway facing toward rhoose airport (cardiff airport)
Specifications (Pembroke C.1)
Data from Gatwick museum Pembroke page
- Crew: two pilots
- Capacity: eight passengers
- Length: 46 ft (14.02 m)
- Wingspan: 64 ft 6 in (19.66 m)
- Height: 16 ft (4.9 m)
- Empty weight: 9,961 lb (4,400 kg)
- Max. takeoff weight: 13,489 lb (6,124 kg)
- Powerplant: 2 × Alvis Leonides 127 9-cylinder supercharged radial piston engines, 540 hp (410 kw) each
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- Keskinen et al.: Suomen museolentokoneet p. 48, (1981), Forssa, Tietoteos, ISBN 951-9035-60-5
- "Airframe Dossier – Percival P-66 Pembroke, s/n RM-4 FABe, c/n P.66/21, c/r OT-ZAD". Aerial Visuals. AerialVisuals.ca. Retrieved 5 June 2017.
- "Welkom bij Dakota". VZW DAKOTA, Documentatiecentrum van de 15 WING (in Dutch). Dakota VZW. Retrieved 5 June 2017.
- "Airframe Dossier – Percival P-66 Pembroke/President, s/n RM-7, c/n P66-0027". Aerial Visuals. AerialVisuals.ca. Retrieved 5 June 2017.
- "Airframe Dossier – Percival P-66 Pembroke/President, s/n 54+02 Luftwaffe, c/n P66/0092, c/r D-CAKE". Aerial Visuals. AerialVisuals.ca. Retrieved 5 June 2017.
- "Hunting Percival P.66 Pembroke C.Mk. 54 (Flugzeugkennungen der Bundeswehr: AS-558, zuletzt 54+07)". Museum-Digital. 29 April 2017. Retrieved 5 June 2017.
- "Airframe Dossier – Percival P-66 Pembroke/President, s/n 54+08 Marineflieger, c/n PAC/66/105". Aerial Visuals. AerialVisuals.ca. Retrieved 5 June 2017.
- "Flugzeuge". Flugausstellung (in German). Archived from the original on 6 January 2017. Retrieved 5 June 2017.
- "Aviation Museum". Svedinos Bil & Flygmuseum. Retrieved 5 June 2017.
- "Tp 83 1955–1977". Pennan & Svärdet. Pennan & Svärdet. Retrieved 5 June 2017.
- "Percival P.66 Pembroke". Västerås Flygmuseum. Retrieved 5 June 2017.
- "GINFO Search Results [G-BNPH]". Civil Aviation Authority. Retrieved 5 June 2017.
- "Hunting Percival Pembroke C1". Royal Air Force Museum. Trustees of the Royal Air Force Museum. Retrieved 5 June 2017.
- Simpson, Andrew (2013). "INDIVIDUAL HISTORY [WV746]" (PDF). Royal Air Force Museum. Royal Air Force Museum. Retrieved 5 June 2017.
- "GINFO Search Results [G-BXES]". Civil Aviation Authority. Retrieved 5 June 2017.
- "Airframe Dossier – Percival Pembroke C.1, s/n XF796 RAF, c/n PAC/66/76, c/r N2692U". Aerial Visuals. AerialVisuals.ca. Retrieved 5 June 2017.
- "FAA REGISTRY [N2692U]". Federal Aviation Administration. U.S. Department of Transportation. Retrieved 5 June 2017.
- "Airframe Dossier – Percival Pembroke 51, s/n RM-1 FABe, c/r N51973". Aerial Visuals. AerialVisuals.ca. Retrieved 5 June 2017.
- "FAA REGISTRY [N51973]". Federal Aviation Administration. U.S. Department of Transportation. Retrieved 5 June 2017.
- The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982–1985) London: Orbis Publishing, 1985.
- Jackson, A.J. British Civil Aircraft since 1919 (Volume 3). London: Putnam, 1974. ISBN 0-370-10014-X.
- Jefford, Wing Commander C.G., MBE, BA, RAF (Retd). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive Record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 2001. ISBN 1-84037-141-2.
- Sturtivant, Ray, ISO and John Hamlin. RAF Flying Training And Support Units since 1912. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd., 2007. ISBN 0-85130-365-X.
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