Percy F. Frankland

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Percy Faraday Frankland CBE FRS[1] (3 October 1858 – 28 October 1946) was a British chemist.[2]

He was the son of chemist Edward Frankland[3] and Michael Faraday was his godfather.[4]

Percy Frankland was Demonstrator and Lecturer in Chemistry at the Royal School of Mines (1880–1888), Professor of Chemistry at University College, Dundee (now University of Dundee) (1888–1894) and Professor of Chemistry at Mason Science College (which later became Birmingham University) (1894–1919). He applied bacteriology to water analysis and studied the chemical aspects of fermentation.[5] He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in June 1891.[6] He was President of the Chemical Society from 1911 to 1913, a position his father had held before him.[4] He was awarded the Royal Society's Davy Medal in 1919.

In 1882 Frankland married Grace (née Toynbee), the daughter of Joseph Toynbee. She worked with both Percy and his father and was described at the time as having "worthily aided and seconded [Percy]".[7] The couple co-authored papers on bacteria and other microorganisms found in the air[8] and water.[9]

Frankland received an honorary doctorate (LL.D.) from the University of St Andrews in February 1902.[10] He was appointed CBE in 1920.[1]

Frankland died in 1946 at Loch Awe in Argyllshire, Scotland.

The University of Manchester Library holds the main collection of Frankland's papers.[11] Archival material relating to him is also held by Archive Services, University of Dundee.[12]


  1. ^ a b Garner, William Edward (1948). "Percy Faraday Frankland. 1858-1946". Obituary Notices of Fellows of the Royal Society. 5 (16): 697–715. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1948.0007. JSTOR 768766.
  2. ^ Garner, W. E. (1948). "Obituary notice: Percy Faraday Frankland, 1858-1946". Journal of the Chemical Society (Resumed): 1996–2005. doi:10.1039/JR9480001996.
  3. ^ W. E. Garner, 'Frankland, Percy Faraday (1858–1946)', rev. Colin A. Russell "The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography". 2004. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/33244. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  4. ^ a b Garner, W. E. (1948). "Obituary notice: Percy Faraday Frankland, 1858-1946". Journal of the Chemical Society (Resumed): 1996. doi:10.1039/JR9480001996. ISSN 0368-1769.
  5. ^ "Library and Archive Catalog". London: Royal Society. Retrieved 18 July 2010.
  6. ^ "Lists of Royal Society Fellows 1660-2007". London: The Royal Society. Archived from the original on March 24, 2010. Retrieved 18 July 2010.
  7. ^ Quoted in Rayner-Canham; Marelene F. Rayner-Canham; Geoffrey Rayner-Canham (2008). Chemistry was their life: Pioneer British women chemists, 1880-1949. London: Imperial College Press. p. 424. ISBN 978-1-86094-986-9.
  8. ^ Frankland, Grace C.; Frankland, Percy F. (1887). "Studies on new Micro-organisms obtained from air". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B. 178: 257–287. doi:10.1098/rstb.1887.0011. JSTOR 91702.
  9. ^ Frankland, Percy; Frankland, Grace Coleridge Toynbee. "Micro-organisms in water: their significance, identification and removal, together with an account of the bacteriological methods employed in their investigation, specially designed for the use of those connected with the sanitary aspects of water-supply." Longmans, Green, 1894.
  10. ^ "University intelligence". The Times (36691). London. 14 February 1902. p. 7.
  11. ^ "Frankland, Sir Edward, Papers (The University of Manchester Library)". Retrieved 2017-06-12.
  12. ^ "Search Results". Archive Services Online Catalogue. University of Dundee. Retrieved 8 December 2014.

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