Percy Gardner

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Percy Gardner

Born(1846-11-24)24 November 1846
London, England
Died17 July 1937(1937-07-17) (aged 90)
CitizenshipUnited Kingdom
Academic background
EducationCity of London School
Alma materChrist's College, Cambridge
Academic work

Percy Gardner, FSA, FBA (24 November 1846 – 17 July 1937) was an English classical archaeologist and numismatist. He was Disney Professor of Archaeology at the University of Cambridge from 1879 to 1887. He was Lincoln Professor of Classical Archaeology and Art at the University of Oxford from 1887 to 1925.

Early life[edit]

Gardner was born in Hackney, Middlesex, United Kingdom on 24 November 1846 to Thomas Gardner and Ann Pearse.[1] He was educated at the City of London School to the age of fifteen when he joined his father's stockbroker business. Having been unsuccessful in the field, in 1865 he matriculated into Christ's College, Cambridge. He graduated with a first-class Bachelor of Arts (BA) in the classics and moral sciences tripos in 1869.[1] In 1870, he received the one year, University of Cambridge Whewell Scholarship in international law.[2]

Academic career[edit]

From 1871 to 1887, Gardner was an assistant in the Department of Coins and Medals at the British Museum. While there, he helped to write the first collections catalogues for Greek coins at the museum.[1] He was elected a Fellow of Christ's College, Cambridge in 1872.[2] He held the first editorship of The Journal of Hellenic Studies from 1879 to 1895.[1] He was Disney Professor of Archaeology at the University of Cambridge from 1879 to 1886.[1] He then moved to the University of Oxford and held the Lincoln and Merton Professorship of Classical Archaeology from 1887 to 1925.[1] During his time at the university, he had a stimulating influence on the study of ancient, and particularly Greek, art.[3] He was succeeded by John Beazley.[1] In his later years, he also became prominent as an historical critic on Biblical subjects.[3]

Gardner died on 17 July 1937 in Oxford, England.[1]


Gardner was elected a Fellow of the British Academy (FBA) in 1903.[4] He was elected a Foreign Honorary Member of the Archaeological Institute of America.[5]

Personal life[edit]

Gardner was married to Agnes Reid until their marriage broke down in 1874.[1] His sister Alice Gardner was a historian and her brother, Ernest Arthur Gardner, was also an archaeologist.[6]

Selected works[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Gardner, Percy". Dictionary of Art Historians. Archived from the original on 3 October 2006. Retrieved 24 June 2012.
  2. ^ a b J. M. C. Toynbee and H. D. A. Major (2004). "Gardner, Percy (1846–1937)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/33328. Retrieved 24 June 2012. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  3. ^ a b  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Gardner, Percy". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 11 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 462.
  4. ^ "Record for: GARDNER, Professor". British Academy Fellows Archive. The British Academy. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 24 June 2012.
  5. ^ "Foreign Honorary Members, Archaeological Institute of American". American Journal of Archaeology. 7: 50–162. 1903. JSTOR 497071.
  6. ^ Gillian Sutherland, 'Gardner, Alice (1854–1927)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 accessed 21 Feb 2017
  7. ^ Oman, C. W. C. (26 May 1883). "Review of Types of Greek Coins by Percy Gardner". The Academy. 23 (577): 371–372.
  8. ^ "Review of New Chapters in Greek History: Historical Results of Recent Excavations in Greece and Asia Minor by Percy Gardner". The Athenaeum (3387): 410–411. 24 September 1892.
  9. ^ "Review of Oxford at the Crossroads: A Criticism of the Course of Litterae Humaniores in the University by Percy Gardner". The Athenaeum (3942): 616–617. 16 May 1903.

External links[edit]

Academic offices
Preceded by Disney Professor of Archaeology
Succeeded by
Non-profit organization positions
Preceded by President of the Churchmen's Union
Succeeded by