Percy Gardner

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Percy Gardner
Born (1846-11-24)24 November 1846
Died 17 July 1937(1937-07-17) (aged 90)
Nationality United Kingdom
Fields Archaeology
Institutions University of Cambridge
University of Oxford
Alma mater Christ's College, Cambridge

Percy Gardner, FSA, FBA (24 November 1846 – 17 July 1937) was an English classical archaeologist and numismatist. He was Disney Professor of Archaeology at the University of Cambridge from 1879 to 1887. He was Lincoln Professor of Classical Archaeology and Art at the University of Oxford from 1887 to 1925.

Early life[edit]

Gardner was born in Hackney, Middlesex, United Kingdom on 24 November 1846 to Thomas Gardner and Ann Pearse.[1] He was educated at the City of London School to the age of fifteen when he joined his father's stockbroker business. Having been unsuccessful in the field, in 1865 he matriculated into Christ's College, University of Cambridge. He graduated with a first-class Bachelor of Arts (BA) in the classics and moral sciences tripos in 1869.[1] In 1870, he received the one year, University of Cambridge' Whewell Scholarship in international law.[2]

Academic career[edit]

From 1871 to 1887 he was an assistant in the Department of Coins and Medals at the British Museum. While there, he helped to write the first collections catalogues for Greek coins at the museum.[1] He was elected a fellow of Christ's College, University of Cambridge in 1872.[2] He held the first editorship of The Journal of Hellenic Studies from 1879 to 1895.[1] He was Disney professor of archaeology at the University of Cambridge from 1879 to 1886.[1] He then moved to the University of Oxford and held the Lincoln and Merton professorship of classical archaeology from 1887 to 1925.[1] During his time at the university, he had a stimulating influence on the study of ancient, and particularly Greek, art. He was succeeded by John Beazley.[1] In his later years, he also became prominent as an historical critic on Biblical subjects.

Gardner died on 17 July 1937 in Oxford, United Kingdom.[1]


Gardner was elected a Fellow of the British Academy in 1903.[3] He was elected a Foreign Honorary Member of the Archaeological Institute of America.[4]

Personal life[edit]

Gardner was married to Agnes Reid until their marriage broke down in 1874.[1] His sister Alice Gardner was a historian and her brother, Ernest Arthur Gardner, was also an archaeologist.[5]

Selected works[edit]

  • Stephani on the Tombs at Mycenae The Journal of Hellenic Studies, Vol. 1. (1880), pp. 94–106
  • Types of Greek Coins (1883)
  • The Coins of the Greek and Scythic Kings of Bactria and India in the British Museum (1886)
  • A Numismatic Commentary on Pausanias (with F Imhoof-Blumer, 1887)
  • New Chapters in Greek History (1892), an account of excavations in Greece and Asia Minor
  • Manual of Greek Antiquities (with FB Jevons, 2nd ed. 1898)
  • Grammar of Greek Art (1905)
  • Exploratio Evangelica (1899), on the origin of Christian belief
  • A Historic View of the New Testament (1901)
  • Growth of Christianity (1907).


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Gardner, Percy". Dictionary of Art Historians. Retrieved 24 June 2012. 
  2. ^ a b J. M. C. Toynbee and H. D. A. Major (2004). "Gardner, Percy (1846–1937)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 24 June 2012. 
  3. ^ "Record for: GARDNER, Professor". British Academy Fellows Archive. The British Academy. Retrieved 24 June 2012. 
  4. ^ American Journal of Archaeology. 7: 50–162. 1903. JSTOR 497071.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ Gillian Sutherland, ‘Gardner, Alice (1854–1927)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 accessed 21 Feb 2017

External links[edit]

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Gardner, Percy". Encyclopædia Britannica. 11 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 462. 

Academic offices
Preceded by
Churchill Babington
Disney Professor of Archaeology
Succeeded by
George Forrest Browne
Non-profit organization positions
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Dyke Acland
President of the Churchmen's Union
Succeeded by
Hastings Rashdall