Percy Kirke

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Sir Percy Kirke
The treachery of Colonel Kirke 1685' (Percy Kirke) by Robert Smirke.jpg
The Treachery of Colonel Kirke 1685 by Robert Smirke, late 18th century
Born c. 1646
Died 31 October 1691 aged 45 yrs
Brussels, Belgium
Allegiance England
Rank Lieutenant General
Battles/wars Franco-Dutch War
Monmouth Rebellion
Glorious Revolution

Lieutenant General Percy Kirke (c. 1646 – 31 October 1691), English soldier, was the son of George Kirke, a court official to Charles I and Charles II.

Career[edit]

In 1666 Kirke obtained his first Army commission in Lord Admiral's regiment, and subsequently served in the Blues. In 1673 he was with Monmouth at Maastricht during the Franco-Dutch War and was present during two campaigns with Turenne on the Rhine.[1] In 1680 he was promoted Lieutenant-Colonel, and soon afterwards Colonel of the 2nd Tangier Regiment (afterwards the King's Own Royal Lancaster Regiment).[2] In 1682 he became Governor of Tangier[2] and colonel of the Tangier Regiment (afterwards the Queens Royal West Surrey Regiment).[1]

Kirke commanded his regiment at the Battle of Sedgemoor in July 1685 during the Monmouth Rebellion and then ruthlessly hunted down the fugitives after the battle.[1]

Brigadier Kirke took a notable part in the Glorious Revolution three years later, and William III promoted him. He commanded at the relief of Derry, breaking the Jacobite Irish Army's siege of the city. Following the Battle of the Boyne on 1 July 1690, he oversaw the Capture of Waterford, Ireland's second largest settlement at the time, on 25 July 1690.[1] He took part in his last campaign in Flanders in 1691.

He was appointed a Groom of the Bedchamber to King William from 1689 to his death. He also briefly served as MP for West Looe as a Tory in 1689-90.[3]

He died, with the rank of Lieutenant General, at Brussels on 31 October 1691.[1] His eldest son, Lieutenant General Percy Kirke (1684–1741), was also colonel of the Lambs.[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Kirke, Percy (d. 1691)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 28 February 2016. 
  2. ^ a b "Percy Kirke". King's Own Royal Regiment Museum Lancaster. Retrieved 2 January 2015. 
  3. ^ Watson, Paula. "Percy Kirke". History of Parliament. 

References[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Edward Sackville
Governor of Tangier
1681–1683
Succeeded by
George Legge, Admiral Lord Dartmouth
Preceded by
Sir Palmes Fairborne
Colonel of the Tangier Regiment
1682–1691
Succeeded by
William Selwyn