Percy Noble (Royal Navy officer)

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Sir Percy Noble
The Royal Navy during the Second World War A17165.jpg
Admiral Sir Percy Noble
as Head of the RN Admiralty Delegation
Birth name Percy Lockhart Harnam Noble
Born (1880-01-16)16 January 1880
Bengal, India
Died 25 July 1955(1955-07-25) (aged 75)
London, UK
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch  Royal Navy
Years of service 1894–1945
Rank Admiral
Commands held
Battles/wars
Awards
Relations Colonel Charles Noble (father);
Sir Allan Noble MP (son)
GBE breast star

Admiral Sir Percy Lockhart Harnam Noble, GBE, KCB, CVO (16 January 1880 – 25 July 1955) was a Royal Navy officer who served in both World Wars.

Noble rose to the rank of Admiral and was Commander-in-Chief, Western Approaches for two crucial years during the Second World War, before being posted to the United States as Head of the RN Admiralty Delegation.

Naval career[edit]

The son of an Indian Army officer, Colonel Charles Noble and Anne née Hay,[1] he was educated at Edinburgh Academy,[2] before being commissioned in the Royal Navy on 15 January 1894.[3]

Promoted as Lieutenant on 1 April 1902,[4] Noble was posted to the battleship HMS Hannibal serving in the Channel Fleet.[5] He served in the Grand Fleet during the First World War.[3] From 1918 to 1925 he commanded the cruisers HMS Calliope and HMS Calcutta and then the battleship HMS Barham[3] before being appointed Senior Naval Officer, Harwich in 1925.[3] He then commanded the HMS St Vincent based at Forton, Gosport from 1927.[3] He was appointed Director of Operations Division at the Admiralty in 1928.[3] He was then Director of Naval Equipment from 1931[3] before returning to sea in command of the 2nd Cruiser Squadron in 1932.[3] He then returned to the Admiralty as Fourth Sea Lord in 1935,[3] before returning as Commander-in-Chief, China Station in 1938.[3]

On his return to London, Admiral Noble was appointed Commander-in-Chief, Western Approaches,[3] headquartered at Derby House, Liverpool, during a period stretching from early 1941 to November 1942.[3] His work in reorganising escort groups, and revamping escort training methods are widely regarded as having been crucial foundational elements of the eventual success of the Allied navies in the Atlantic theatre.[6] Noble was remembered by those who worked with him at Derby House as an easy-going commander, and an agreeable person to work with. Always conciliatory, Noble was an expert at building consensus around his chosen courses of action. Noble was, although not forced, certainly pushed out of Western Approaches to make room for Admiral Sir Max Horton, whose combative personality and experience in the submarine service made him the ideal candidate in the eyes of some to take the war to the U-boats.[6]

He succeeded Admiral Sir Andrew Cunningham as Head of the British Naval Delegation to Washington DC in 1942,[3] before retiring from active naval service in 1945.[3] By way of recognition, Noble was granted the title of Rear-Admiral of the United Kingdom (an honorary appointment) on 19 June 1945.

Family[edit]

Noble married, in 1907, Diamantina Isabella, only daughter of Allan Campbell.[7] She died in 1909, having one son (qv. Sir Allan Noble MP). He married secondly, in 1913, Celia Emily (later Lady Noble), daughter of Robert Kirkman Hodgson DL and Lady Norah née Boyle,[8] having another son, Charles Noble.

A memorial to Admiral Sir Percy Noble was placed in the north choir aisle of Liverpool Cathedral in 1957.

Honours and awards[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ www.corstorphineoldparish.org.uk
  2. ^ Edinburgh Academy Prospectus
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives
  4. ^ "no. 27422". The London Gazette. 4 April 1902. p. 2281. 
  5. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36731). London. 2 April 1902. p. 8. 
  6. ^ a b Ireland, Bernard (2003). Battle of the Atlantic. Barnsley: Pen and Sword. p. 96. ISBN 1-84415-001-1. 
  7. ^ www.nla.gov.au
  8. ^ Mosley, Charles (ed.) (2003). Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 107th edn. London: Burke's Peerage & Gentry Ltd. p. 901 (CORK AND ORRERY, E). ISBN 0-9711966-2-1. 

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Geoffrey Blake
Fourth Sea Lord
1935–1937
Succeeded by
Sir Geoffrey Arbuthnot
Preceded by
Sir Charles Little
Commander-in-Chief, China Station
1938–1940
Succeeded by
Sir Geoffrey Layton
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Sir Dudley Pound
First and Principal Naval Aide-de-Camp
1943–1945
Succeeded by
The Lord Tovey
Preceded by
Sir Hubert Brand
Rear-Admiral of the United Kingdom
1945–1955
Succeeded by
Sir John Edelsten