Sir Percy Loraine, 12th Baronet
Sir Percy Lyham Loraine, 12th Baronet GCMG PC (5 November 1880 – 23 May 1961) was a British diplomat. He was British High Commissioner to Egypt from 1929 to 1933, British Ambassador to Turkey from 1933 to 1939 and British Ambassador to Italy from 1939 to 1940. In later life he was involved in breeding thoroughbreds for horse racing and won the 2000 Guineas Stakes in 1954 with Darius. He was the last of the Loraine baronets, having no sons to succeed him.
Loraine was born in London on 5 November 1880 the second son of Admiral Sir Lambton Loraine, the 11th Baronet and his wife Frederica Mary née Broke. Educated at Eton College from 1893 until 1899 when he went to New College, Oxford. In 1899 at the start of the Second Boer War he joined the Imperial Yeomanry and served on active duty in South Africa until 1902. In 1904, he joined the diplomatic service.
He first served in the Middle East, at the British missions in Istanbul and Tehran, where he was Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary 1921-26, before being posted in Rome, Beijing, Paris and Madrid. He took part in the 1919 Paris Peace Conference which was held following the end of World War I, before being sent as minister in Tehran and then Athens.
He became close to Turkish President Mustafa Kemal Atatürk while serving in Ankara, which improved the relations between the two countries. While ambassador, Loraine visited Atatürk on his deathbed and later gave a BBC broadcast paying tribute to Atatürk on the 10th anniversary of his death.
He was the last British ambassador to Italy before the start of World War II. Loraine was reputedly nicknamed 'pompous Percy' by his staff. Winston Churchill did not seek his advice on Middle Eastern matters during the war, and he retired from public life.
Loraine retired from his diplomatic career in 1940. He took an interest in horse racing and thoroughbred horse breeding: his horse Darius won the 2000 Guineas in 1954. He worked for the Jockey Club on the introduction of photo-finish cameras to racing.
Sir Percy died at his London home on the 23 May 1961 aged 80, he had no children and the baronetcy became extinct.
His brother Eustace died unmarried in an aircraft accident 1912 so when his father died in 1917 he succeeded as the 12th baronet. In 1924 Sir Percy married Louise Violet Beatrice, daughter of Major-General Edward Montagu-Stuart-Wortley, brother of the 2nd Earl of Wharncliffe. Sir Percy lived at Styford Hall, Stocksfield-on-Tyne, and at Wilton Crescent, Belgravia. His friends included Gertrude Bell, fellow diplomat Sir Lancelot Oliphant, and Sir Arnold Wilson.
- "Sir Percy Loraine." Times [London, England] 24 May 1961: 18. The Times Digital Archive. Web.
- British Diplomatic Representatives in Iran 1800-1950 http://www.bl.uk/reshelp/findhelpregion/asia/iran/dip.html
- Sir Percy Loraine's Address on Ataturk 10 November 1948 http://www.turkiye.co.uk/ataturk/mustafa_kemal_ataturk.htm
- Whitaker's Peerage, Baronetage, Knightage and Companionage, 1939.
- National Archives http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/catalogue/displaycataloguedetails.asp?CATID=7001&CATLN=3&accessmethod=5&j=1
- Sir Arnold Wilson (left) with Sir Percy Loraine http://barbaracooke.net/?p=42
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sir Percy Loraine, 12th Baronet.|
- Goldschmidt, Arthur (2000). Biographical Dictionary of Modern Egypt. American University in Cairo Press. p. 113. ISBN 978-977-424-579-4. OCLC 237384904.
- Monroe, Elizabeth; rev. Peter Neville (September 2004). "Percy Loraine" (subscription required). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/34597. Retrieved 3 May 2009.
|British Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Iran
1921 – 1926
Sir Robert Clive
Sir Milne Cheetham
|British Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Greece
1926 – 1929
Hon. Patrick Ramsay
|British High Commissioner to Egypt
1929 – 1933
|British Ambassador to Turkey
1933 – 1939
Sir Hughe Knatchbull-Hugessen
Sir Eric Drummond
|British Ambassador to Italy
1939 – 1940
Title next held bySir Noel Charles
|Baronetage of England|
Sir Lambton Loraine
1917 – 1961