Perdiccas III of Macedon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Perdiccas III
Coin of Perdikkas III. 365-359 BCE.jpg
stater of Perdikkas III
King of Macedon
Reign 365–360 BC
Predecessor Alexander II
Successor Amyntas IV
Issue Amyntas IV
Dynasty Argead dynasty
Father Amyntas III
Mother Eurydice
Religion Ancient Greek religion
Coin of Perdiccas III, with figure of Herakles.

Perdiccas III (Greek: Περδίκκας Γ΄) was king of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedonia from 365 BC to 360 BC,[1] succeeding his brother Alexander II.

Son of Amyntas III and Eurydice, he was a child when Alexander II was killed by Ptolemy of Aloros, who then ruled as regent. In 365 BC, Perdiccas killed Ptolemy and assumed government.

There is very little information about the reign of Perdiccas III. He was at one time engaged in hostilities with Athens over Amphipolis, and he was distinguished for his patronage of men of letters. Among these we are told that Euphraeus of Oreus, a disciple of Plato, rose so high in Perdiccas's favour as to completely govern the young king and to exclude from his society all but philosophers and geometers.

He also served as theorodokos in the Panhellenic Games that took place in Epidaurus around 360/359 BC.[2]

He tried to reconquer upper Macedonia from the Illyrian Bardylis, but the expedition ended in disaster, with Perdiccas being killed.[3]

Perdiccas was succeeded by his infant son, Amyntas IV. The throne was soon usurped by Perdiccas's younger brother Philip II.


  1. ^ Cosmopoulos, Michael B. 1992. Macedonia: An Introduction to its Political History. Winnipeg: Manitoba Studies in Classical Civilization, p. 30 (TABLE 2: The Argeiad Kings).
  2. ^ Perlman, Paula. 2000. City and Sanctuary in Ancient Greece: The Theorodokia in the Peloponnese. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, pp. 38, 126
  3. ^ Orrieux, Claude. 1999. A History Of Ancient Greece. Wiley, p. 256, ISBN 0-631-20309-5.

Further reading[edit]

  • Tritle, Lawrence A. ed. The Greek World in the Fourth Century: From the Fall of the Athenian Empire to the Successors of Alexander. London: Routledge, 1997. ISBN 978-0415-10583-5.

External links[edit]

Perdiccas III of Macedon
Born: Unknown Died: 359 BC
Preceded by
Alexander II
King of Macedon
365–360 BC
Succeeded by
Amyntas IV