Pere Marquette 1223

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Pere Marquette 1223
Type and origin
Power type Steam
Builder Lima Locomotive Works
Serial number 7837
Build date 1941
 • Whyte 2-8-4
 • UIC 1′D2′ h2
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Leading dia. 36 in (0.91 m)
Driver dia. 69 in (1.75 m)
Trailing dia. 43 in (1.09 m)
Length 101 ft 8 in (30.99 m)
Height 15 ft 8 in (4.78 m)
Adhesive weight 277,600 lb (125,900 kilograms; 125.9 tonnes)
Loco weight 442,500 lb (200,700 kilograms; 200.7 tonnes)
Total weight 805,900 lb (365,600 kilograms; 365.6 tonnes)
Fuel type Coal
Fuel capacity 44,000 lb (20,000 kilograms; 20 tonnes)
Water cap 22,000 US gal (83,000 l; 18,000 imp gal)
Fuel consumption 1 short ton (0.91 t; 0.89 long tons) of coal per 12 miles (19 km) travelled (1 tonne every 21 km)
 • Firegrate area
90.3 sq ft (8.4 m2)
Boiler pressure 245 psi (1.69 MPa)
Cylinders Two
Cylinder size 26 in × 34 in (660 mm × 864 mm)
Performance figures
Maximum speed 70 mph (113 km/h)
Power output 2,979 hp (2.22 MW)
Tractive effort 69,350 lbf (308.5 kN)
  • PM N-1
  • C&O N-1
Number in class 8 of 12
  • PM 1223
  • C&O 2657
Nicknames "The Forgotten N-1"
Locale Michigan
Retired 1951
Restored 1981
Current owner City of Grand Haven
Disposition Static display
Pere Marquette Railway Locomotive #1223
Pere Marquette 1223 is located in Michigan
Pere Marquette 1223
Pere Marquette 1223 is located in the US
Pere Marquette 1223
Location 301 N Harbor Dr., Grand Haven, Michigan
Coordinates 43°4′4″N 86°13′48″W / 43.06778°N 86.23000°W / 43.06778; -86.23000Coordinates: 43°4′4″N 86°13′48″W / 43.06778°N 86.23000°W / 43.06778; -86.23000
Area less than one acre
Built by Lima Locomotive Works
Architectural style steam locomotive
NRHP reference # 00001490[1]
Added to NRHP December 7, 2000

The Pere Marquette 1223 is a steam locomotive on permanent display in Grand Haven, Michigan. She is one of two surviving Pere Marquette 2-8-4 (Berkshire) engines.[2] No parts from 1223 were used to restore sister engine 1225 to operating condition, due to the objections of the Michigan Railroad Club, then unofficial custodians of the engine. The MSU Railroad Club did hold some successful fundraising events at the 1223 during the State Fair. That money was used in the restoration of the 1225.

Built in 1941 by the Lima Locomotive Works for $90,000 ($1.2 million in 2006 dollars), 1223 hauled freight between Toledo and Chicago in the years immediately before and after World War II. When Pere Marquette was absorbed by the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway, 1223 was assigned number 2657 but never had the new number applied. The locomotive was not paid off at the time and the merger agreement stated that equipment still under trust was to remain in Pere Marquette livery. 1223 was retired from service in 1951.[3]

After retirement, 1223 was moved to New Buffalo, Michigan to be scrapped. However she was repainted and moved in 1960 for display at the state fairgrounds in Detroit. The money for that was provided by the donations collected by school children around the Detroit Area. In 1980, Michigan state fair officials wanted to expand the grandstands but 1223 stood in the way. The city of Grand Haven won the bidding process. With the help of the Michigan National Guard as well as Grand Trunk Western and Chessie System railroads, 1223 was moved to Grand Haven. The 180 mile trip took place on September 1, 1981.[3]

The 1223 has been cosmetically restored. Considering the number of years that it has stood out in the elements, it would be an expensive and time-consuming project to restore it to operation. Such a restoration is unlikely since sister locomotive #1225 has been restored to operating condition.

1223 was added to the National Register of Historic Places on December 7, 2000.


  1. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ "Train Engine #1223". Retrieved 2006-08-07. 
  3. ^ a b "Pere Marquette Berkshire #1223". Pere Marquette Historical Society. Retrieved 2006-08-07.