Peregrine Cavendish, 12th Duke of Devonshire

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His Grace
The Duke of Devonshire
KCVO CBE DL
Coronet of a British Duke.svg
Coat of arms of the Duke of Devonshire.svg
Her Majesty's Representative at Ascot
In office
1997–2011
Monarch Elizabeth II
Preceded by Sir Piers Bengough
Succeeded by John Weatherby
Personal details
Born Peregrine Andrew Morny Cavendish
(1944-04-27) 27 April 1944 (age 72)
Nationality British
Spouse(s) Amanda Carmen née Heywood-Lonsdale
Children William Cavendish, Earl of Burlington
Lady Celina Cavendish
Lady Jasmine Cavendish
Parents Andrew Cavendish, 11th Duke of Devonshire
Deborah Vivien née Freeman-Mitford
Residence Chatsworth House
Bolton Abbey
Lismore Castle
Title Duke of Devonshire
Tenure 3 May 2004 – present
Other titles Earl of Burlington (1944-1950)
Marquess of Hartington (1950-2004)
Predecessor Andrew Cavendish, 11th Duke of Devonshire

Peregrine Andrew Morny Cavendish, 12th Duke of Devonshire KCVO CBE DL (called "Stoker";[1] born 27 April 1944) is a British peer. He is the only surviving son of Andrew Cavendish, 11th Duke of Devonshire and his wife, the former Deborah Mitford. He succeeded to the dukedom following the death of his father on 3 May 2004. Prior to this succession, he was styled Marquess of Hartington. The duke is worth an estimated £800 million.[2]

Education[edit]

He attended Eton College and Exeter College, Oxford, where he read History.

Horse racing[edit]

The duke is well known in the world of horse racing and served as Her Majesty's Representative at Ascot and chairman of Ascot Racecourse Ltd. In 1980 he was elected to the Jockey Club and in 1989 he was appointed its Senior Steward (that is, Chairman).[3] During his five-year term of office, he oversaw a number of changes within the racing industry, in particular the creation of the British Horseracing Board which is now the governing authority for British racing. He was appointed first chairman of the board in June 1993 and retired at the end of his term in 1996. He was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) for services to racing in 1997 and Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (KCVO) in the 2009 New Year Honours for his services as Her Majesty's Representative at Ascot.[4]

Other interests[edit]

He was appointed a Trustee of the Wallace Collection in 2007.[5] He is a trustee of Sheffield Galleries and Museums Trust.[6] He is Chairman of the Devonshire Arms Hotel Group, a chain of countryside hotels in North Yorkshire and Derbyshire, and Deputy Chairman of Sotheby's.[7] He collects modern British and contemporary painting and sculpture, as well as works in other areas, many of which are on display at his family seat Chatsworth House. The Duke and Duchess and the house and estate grounds were featured in the BBC documentary series Chatsworth.[8] In December 2012, he sold Auxiliary cartoon for the Head of a Young Apostle by Raphael for £29.7m at a Sotheby's auction.[9] As of 2016 he is the owner of Heywood Hill, a notable bookstore in London.[10]

He took up the position as the third Chancellor of the University of Derby at a ceremony on 28 October 2008 in Buxton.[11][12]

The range of Cavendish Pianos were named after the family name of the Duke to recognise his support which was critical to the establishment of the new firm.[13]

Family[edit]

Devonshire married Amanda Carmen Heywood-Lonsdale, daughter of Commander Edward Gavin Heywood-Lonsdale and a descendant of Arthur Heywood-Lonsdale, on 28 June 1967.[14]

They have three children and eight grandchildren:[14][15]

  • William Cavendish, Earl of Burlington (6 June 1969); married Laura Roundell on 31 March 2007. They have two children.
  • Lady Celina Imogen Cavendish (4 October 1971); married Alexander Carter on 3 June 1995. They have four children:
    • Jake Carter (7 December 1997)
    • Alfie Carter (18 June 2000)
    • Ned Carter (6 August 2002)
    • Willa Carter (2005)
  • Lady Jasmine Nancy Cavendish (born 4 May 1973); married Nicholas Dunne (son of Sir Thomas Dunne) on 25 July 2003. They have three sons:
    • Cosmo Dunne (2006)
    • Barnaby Dunne (2008)
    • Reggie Dunne (2010)

Titles and honours[edit]

Possibility of renouncing title[edit]

In February 2010, the Duke announced his intention to give up his title if hereditary peers were removed from the House of Lords, on the basis that "the aristocracy is dead" and "because then it would be clear-cut what the people wanted, and it would be confusing to maintain hereditary titles".[16] This mirrored the view of his mother, who had said "titles are meaningless because peers are no longer legislators". This was dismissed as "nonsense" by Lord Ferrers, who disagreed with the Duke's claims that the aristocracy was dead. It is not known how serious he was in his intention, but if he had gone ahead with his threat then he would have been known as Sir Peregrine Cavendish.

Titles and styles from birth[edit]

  • 27 April 1944 – 10 September 1944: Peregrine Cavendish, Esq.
  • 10 September 1944 – 1950: Earl of Burlington
  • 1950–1997: Marquess of Hartington
  • 1997–2004: Marquess of Hartington CBE
  • 2004–2008: His Grace The Duke of Devonshire CBE
  • 2008–present: His Grace The Duke of Devonshire KCVO, CBE

Honours[edit]

Ancestry[edit]

Arms[edit]

Arms of Peregrine Cavendish, 12th Duke of Devonshire
Coronet
A Coronet of a Duke
Crest
A Serpent nowed proper
Escutcheon
Sable three Bucks' heads cabossed Argent
Supporters
On either side a Buck proper wreathed round the neck with a Chaplet of Roses alternately Argent and Azure
Motto
Cavendo Tutus (Secure by caution)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chatsworth – A statement from the Duke (Archive accessed 24 May 2016)
  2. ^ Duke of Devonshire, Derby Evening Telegraph, Retrieved August 2015
  3. ^ "The Tatler List". Tatler. 
  4. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 58929. p. 3. 31 December 2008.
  5. ^ Wallace Collection-New Trustees
  6. ^ Museum & Galleries Assistant
  7. ^ "The Devonshire Profile - Forbes.com". Forbes. [dead link]
  8. ^ "The Duke of Devonshire: a reluctant reality TV star". The Daily Telegraph. 6 May 2012. 
  9. ^ Kate Green, Chatsworth's Raphael sells for £29.7m , Country Life, 6 December 2012
  10. ^ Sarah Lyall (2 February 2016). "The Tiny London Shop Behind Some of the Very Best Libraries". The New York Times. Retrieved 6 February 2016. London’s Heywood Hill curates impressive collections for discerning customers in 60 different countries — and specializes in the obscure. 
  11. ^ Kirby, Sean. University of Derby – Duke of Devonshire Revealed As University’s New Chancellor, University of Derby, 6 March 2008. Retrieved 25 September 2010.
  12. ^ Hawley, Zena. Duke of Devonshire becomes new chancellor at the University of Derby, This Is Derbyshire, 27 October 2008. Retrieved 25 September 2010.
  13. ^ Morrison, Richard (27 February 2013). "Cavendish Pianos really are in a field of their own". The Times. Retrieved 12 December 2013. 
  14. ^ a b Lundy, Darryl (9 March 2011). "Peregrine Andrew Morny Cavendish, 12th Duke of Devonshire". The Peerage.  cites Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003), Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage 1 (107th (3 volumes) ed.), Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, p. 1126 ; "Announcements", The Times, 19 March 1980 .
  15. ^ The Peerage, entry for 12th Duke of Devonshire
  16. ^ Walker, Tim. Aristocrats dismiss the despondent Duke of Devonshire’s fears, The Telegraph, 22 February 2010. Retrieved 25 September 2010.
Court offices
Preceded by
Sir Piers Bengough
Her Majesty's Representative at Ascot
1997–2011
Succeeded by
John Weatherby
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Andrew Cavendish
Duke of Devonshire
2004–present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom
Preceded by
The Duke of Bedford
Gentlemen Succeeded by
The Duke of Marlborough
Academic offices
Preceded by
Princess Alice,
Duchess of Gloucester
Chancellor of the University of Derby
2008–present
Succeeded by
Incumbent