Pereh (missile carrier)

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Pereh
פרא.jpg
A Pereh operating during the Gaza War.
Type Tank destroyer
Place of origin Israel
Service history
In service 1980s–2017
Used by Israel
Wars 2006 Lebanon War
Gaza War
2014 Israel–Gaza conflict
Production history
Designer Rafael Advanced Defense Systems
Manufacturer Rafael Advanced Defense Systems
Specifications

Main
armament
12 Spike-NLOS missiles
Secondary
armament
Two FN MAG machine guns
Suspension Torsion bar suspension

The Pereh (Hebrew: פרא‎: Onager) is an Israeli guided missile carrier, disguised as a tank.[1] Serving the Israel Defense Forces in the role of precision artillery since the mid 1980s,[1] the existence and nature of the vehicle was kept classified until declassified in June 2015.[2][3]

Description[edit]

The Pereh is based on the hull of the Magach 5 tank[1] and features an enlarged turret containing 12 Spike missiles[1] in a pop-up missile launcher at the rear disguised as a turret bustle.[1] The launcher is reloaded via a hatch at the rear with the launcher in the lowered position. Known as the Tamuz in Israeli service, the Spike-NLOS missile is capable of being used in both fire and forget and man-in-the-loop modes, either in the direct or indirect fire roles, and is able to destroy targets out to 25 km (16 mi). The front is fitted with a fake cannon to disguise it as a standard tank, but when deployed it can be identified by a curved antenna mounted at the rear on the roof of the turret, which is erected in the firing position. Other additional features include add-on frontal armor and stowage boxes on the turret sides.[1]

Development[edit]

Pereh and reloading vehicle in a laager during the Gaza War

The Pereh was developed in the 1980s in tandem with the Spike-NLOS (called the Tamuz in service) missile, but was not revealed to the public until 2011.[4][5][6] The concept of the Tamuz and the Pereh was conceived during the Yom Kippur War, where Israel seemed to be in danger of being overrun by Egyptian armor. The eventual nature of the weapon system and the operational doctrine of its deployment were furthered by Israeli experience against Syrian T-72 tanks during the First Lebanon War.

Operational history[edit]

A Pereh firing a missile.

The Pereh had participated in all Israeli Defense Force operations of the last 25 years[1] including the 2006 Lebanon War and Gaza War. Although pictures of the Pereh have been taken over the years, with some appearing in public briefly, Israeli censors have been diligent in suppressing such appearances. Pictures of the Pereh first released during Operation Protective Edge in July 2014, was the first occasion on which the censors allowed such pictures to pass without suppression, though no statement was made as to what the pictures were of.

The Pereh was retired from service in 2017, although it is unclear whether the Israeli Defense Force intends to abandon the concept, or if they plan using a more modern tank chassis in an updated version.[7]

Operators[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Prigg, Mark (22 July 2015). "Israeli top secret missile launcher disguised as a TANK finally declassified after 30 years of rumors and secret missions". The Daily Mail. Retrieved 24 July 2014. 
  2. ^ Link to Israeli defense announcement (Israeli)
  3. ^ Israel unveils officially existence of "Pereh" missile tank
  4. ^ Pfeffer, Anshil (1 August 2011). "IDF Reveals Tamuz Missile". Haaretz (in Hebrew). Retrieved 21 May 2013. 
  5. ^ "Advanced Spike Missile Unveiled" (Press release). Israel Defense Forces' official website. 25 November 2009. Archived from the original on 5 December 2009. Retrieved 29 June 2010. 
  6. ^ Trimble, Stephen (25 November 2009). "Rafael unveils new long-range Spike missile". Flight International. Retrieved 27 August 2011. 
  7. ^ https://tankandafvnews.com/2017/02/23/idf-retires-pereh-missile-carrier-tank/

External links[edit]

  • יחידת מיתר, Hebrew Wikipedia article—elite artillery unit that operates the Spike missile from Pereh and M113-based launch units