Architectural landmarks in the town centre
|• Total||32 km2 (12 sq mi)|
|• Density||870/km2 (2,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|Area code(s)||+380 4567|
Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi (Ukrainian: Переяслав-Хмельницький, translit. Pereyaslav-Khmel′nyts′kyi; also referred to as Pereyaslav-Khmelnytskyy) is an ancient city in the Kiev Oblast (province) of central Ukraine, located on the confluence of Alta and Trubizh rivers some 95 km (59.03 mi) south of the nation's capital Kiev. Until 1943, the city was known as Pereyaslav. Population: 27,945 (2013 est.).
Serving as the administrative center of the Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi Raion (district), Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi itself is designated as a city of regional significance and does not belong to the raion. With its current estimated population around 30,000, and over 20 museums, Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi is often described as a "living museum" and granted status of a History and Ethnography Reserve (Ukrainian: історико-етнографічний заповідник).
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Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi played a significant role in the history of Ukraine. It was mentioned for the first time in the text of the Rus' treaty with the Byzantine Empire (911) as Pereyaslav-Ruskyi, to distinguish it from Pereyaslavets in Bulgaria. Vladimir I, Prince of Kiev built here in 992 the large fortress to protect the southern limits of Kievan Rus' from raids of nomads from steppes of currently Southern Ukraine. The city was the capital of the Principality of Pereiaslavl' from the middle of the 11th century until its demolition by Tatars in 1239, during the Mongol invasion of Kievan Rus'.
Lithuania and Poland
In the 14th century Pereiaslav was annexed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Since 1471 it was part of the Kiev Voivodeship, which in 1569 became part of the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland. In 1585, Polish King Stephen Báthory granted Perejasław Magdeburg city rights. It was a royal city of Poland.
In the second half of the 16th century Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi became a regimental city of the Ukrainian Cossacks. Here in 1654 Bohdan Khmelnytsky held the controversial "Pereyaslav Convent", where the Ukrainian Cossacks had voted for a military alliance with Muscovy and accepted the Treaty of Pereyaslav. The treaty led to the establishment of the Cossack Hetmanate in left-bank Ukraine under the Tsardom of Russia, and to the outbreak of the Russo-Polish War (1654-1667). The town known as Pereiaslav at that time, and later as Pereiaslav-Poltavskyi. According to the Truce of Andrusovo in 1667, Pereiaslav became part of Russia.
Soviet museum center
Upon the end of the World War II, the Soviet government, keen to glorify the Treaty of Pereyaslav as the ground for Ukraine's subordination to Russia, renamed Pereiaslav to Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi in 1943 to stress Bohdan Khmelnytskyi's role of that event. Later, the otherwise obscure town was established as a dedicated museum and tourism center.
Notable people from Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi
- Sholem Aleichem, Jewish-Ukrainian Yiddish writer and playwright
- Hanna Knyazyeva-Minenko (born 1989), Ukrainian and Israeli triple jumper and long jumper
- Louise Nevelson, American sculptor
- Pavlo Teteria, Ukrainian Hetman
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The most significant landmarks of Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi are:
- Museum of Folk Architecture and Household Traditions in Middle Naddnipryanschina, presenting the architecture and traditions of Ukrainians from ancient times up to the 19th century, which includes submuseums: Museum of Bread, Museum of Land Transportation, Museum of Rushnyks (Ukrainian Decorative Towels), Museum of Space Exploration, Museum of Postal Services, Museum of Beekeeping, Museum of Applied and Decorative Arts, Museum of Ukrainian Traditional Rituals, Museum of Archeology, Museum of the Cossack Glory, Museum of Trypillya Culture, Museum of Ukrainian Traditional Dress, etc.
- Excavated ruins of buildings from the 10–11th centuries.
- St. Michael's church (1646–66)
- Ascension monastery (with cathedral built in 1695–1700).
Twin towns — Sister cities
Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi is twinned with:
- Mozhaysk, Russia
- Pereslavl-Zalessky, Russia
- Vileyka, Belarus
- Mtskheta, Georgia
- Paide, Estonia
- Kočani, Macedonia
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Museum of folk architecture and way of life of Middle Naddnipryanschina.|
Replica of a ХІ century Kievan Rus house in the Museum of Folk Architecture and Household Traditions
The Rushnyk Museum, in the Museum of Folk Architecture and Household Traditions
- "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- "Pereyaslav Khmelnytsky – a town of museums", Welcome to Ukraine Magazine, March 2007