Perenelle Flamel

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Portal of the church of Saint Jacques de la Boucherie, funded by Nicolas and Perenelle Flamel in 1389, on which they are both depicted (kneeling down).

Perenelle Flamel (died 1397) was the wife of the famous 14th-century scribe Nicolas Flamel. She was a generous benefactor who invested this wealth in churches and hostels, and commissioned religious sculptures. Due to legends which first appeared in the seventeenth century, she has since developed a false reputation as a successful alchemist. Perenelle, like her husband, has had a street in Paris, France named after her, Rue Pernelle.


There are few confirmed details about Perenelle's place of birth and early life. Perenelle married Nicolas in 1368. She had two previous husbands and brought their fortune to the marriage. The couple remained childless.[1]

She and her husband were devout Roman Catholics. The couple contributed to the church by commissioning several sculptures. Nicolas continued this practice after his wife’s death.[1] The couple is depicted on the portal of the Chapel of St. James of the Boucherie praying at the feet of St. John, a sculpture which they financed in 1389. They owned several properties and contributed to the building of poor houses.

The spelling of her name varies and is sometimes given as Perrenelle, Petronelle or Pernelle. Though the historical Perenelle did exist, there is no historical record indicating that she or her husband were the successful alchemists of later legend.


Perenelle died in 1397. She left her husband a sum of 5,300 Tours pounds. This sum was then contested in court by her sister and brother-in-law.[2]

Reputation as an alchemist[edit]

Woodcut from the Booke of Hieroglyphicall Figures given as a representation of Nicolas and Perenelle.
Further information: Nicolas Flamel

Perenelle's reputation as an alchemist stems from a book written in 1612, allegedly authored by her husband. However, Nicolas’ reputation as an author and immortal alchemical adept is an invention of the seventeenth century.[2] Perenelle figures prominently in the introduction of this Booke of Hieroglyphicall Figures. Here the character of Nicolas Flamel outlines his quest for the philosopher's stone. In this story Perenelle witnesses alchemical projections and aids in chrysopoeia.[3]

Perenelle in fiction[edit]

Perenelle's posthumous reputation as an alchemist has led to her portrayal in fantasy fiction alongside her husband. Examples include Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone by J. K. Rowling and The Sorceress: The Secrets of the Immortal Nicholas Flamel by Michael Scott, in which Perenelle is a character.[citation needed] Furthermore, Stephen Leigh took the mystery surrounding the Flamels and wrote Immortal Muse.[citation needed]


  1. ^ a b Dixon, Laurinda (1994). Nicolas Flamel. His Exposition of the Hieroglyphicall Figures (1624). Garland Publishing. p. xvi. 
  2. ^ a b Dixon, Laurinda (1994). Nicolas Flamel. His Exposition of the Hieroglyphicall Figures (1624). Garland Publishing. p. xvii. 
  3. ^ Dixon, Laurinda (1994). Nicolas Flamel. His Exposition of the Hieroglyphicall Figures (1624). Garland Publishing. p. 14.