Florence Airport

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Florence Airport, Peretola
Aeroporto di Firenze-Peretola
Florence Airport logo.png
Florence - Peretola (Amerigo Vespucci) (FLR - LIRQ) AN0591245.jpg
Airport type Public
Operator Toscana Aeroporti S.p.A.[1]
Serves Florence, Italy
Focus city for Vueling
Elevation AMSL from 124.67 to 137.79 ft / from 38 to 42 m
Coordinates 43°48′36″N 11°12′14″E / 43.81000°N 11.20389°E / 43.81000; 11.20389
Website aeroporto.firenze.it
Florence Airport, Peretola is located in Italy
Florence Airport, Peretola
Florence Airport, Peretola
Direction Length Surface
ft m
05/23 5,741 1,750 Asphalt
Statistics (2016)
Passengers 2,515,138
Passenger change 15-16 Increase 3.9%
Aircraft movements 35,645
Movements change 15-16 Increase 4.0%
Statistics from Assaeroporti [2]

Florence Airport, Peretola (IATA: FLRICAO: LIRQ), Italian: Aeroporto di Firenze-Peretola and formally Amerigo Vespucci Airport, is the international airport of Florence, the capital of the Italian region of Tuscany. It is the second-busiest Tuscan airport in terms of passengers after Pisa International Airport. It serves as a focus city for Vueling.


Early years[edit]

The first air field in Florence was created in the Campo di Marte area in 1910, when military authorities allowed a field to be used for "experiments in air navigation". Campo di Marte thus became Florence's first airport, and remained so throughout the 1920s. However, the field was soon surrounded by houses and was inadequate for the new aircraft that were then replacing the first canvas-covered craft. In 1928, a location on the plain between Florence and Sesto Fiorentino was chosen. Peretola Airport opened there in the early 1930s.

At first, Peretola was a large field where airplanes took off and landed with no formal direction, but eventually, the Ministry of Aeronautics decided to enlarge and upgrade it. The airport was extended toward Castello, and in 1938–39, an asphalt runway 60 metres wide and 1,000 metres long, facing northeast, was built.

In the 1940s, Peretola welcomed its first passenger flights, operated by Aerea Teseo with Douglas DC-3 aircraft. In 1948, Aerea Teseo went out of business. In the late '50s and early '60s, Alitalia, also using the DC-3, offered two routes: Rome–Florence–Venice and Rome–Florence–Milan. ATI then offered several domestic flights with the Fokker F27.

In the early 1980s, plans were made to upgrade the airport's facilities. In 1984, Saf (now AdF, the company that manages the airport) was founded, and restructuring work was completed: lengthening (from 1,000 to 1,400 metres) and lighting the runway, installing a VOR/DME navigation system, and rebuilding the airport terminal. In September 1986, regular flights resumed. Since then, the number of airplanes and passengers has steadily increased.

Development since the 1990s[edit]

In 1990, the airport was renamed after Florence native Amerigo Vespucci, an Italian merchant and cartographer.

In 1992, the building now dedicated to arrivals, constructed by AdF, was inaugurated. Two years later, a departures building opened, and the City of Florence opened a car park at the entrance to the airport. In 1996, the runway was extended by 250 metres, and AdF funded further enlargement of the departure area. Today, the new area has 15 check-in desks and covers a total of 1,200 square metres, 770 of which are for public use.

Since April 9, 1998, AdF has had a global concession to managing the airport's infrastructure, and it has assumed responsibility for maintenance and development.

On December 5, 2012, Vueling announced the opening of a base of operations in Florence, with flights to several destinations in Europe.


Departure area at Florence Airport

In late 1999, a renovation and expansion of the terminals, aircraft parking areas, and other facilities began. In July 2000, AdF made its debut on the stock market, and in 2001, the airport was among the first in Europe to obtain UNI EN ISO 9001/2000 certification for the quality of its services.

Florence Airport has a single runway, and the main taxiway is situated at the end of Runway 5, with an overshoot/holding area at the end of Runway 23. As is common at smaller airports, after landing, planes turn around at the end of the runway, then taxi back down to reach the parking area and terminal. Because of the close proximity of Monte Morello, planes normally take off from Runway 23, thus forcing aircraft to taxi down the runway again to depart.

The Polizia di Stato stations police helicopters at the airport.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Air Berlin Düsseldorf
Air Dolomiti Munich
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Air Moldova Chișinău
Albawings Tirana[3]
Alitalia Rome–Fiumicino
operated by Alitalia CityLiner
Austrian Airlines Seasonal: Vienna
Blue Air Bucharest, Iași
Blue Panorama Airlines Tirana
British Airways
operated by BA CityFlyer
Seasonal: Birmingham, Bristol, London–Stansted[4]
Brussels Airlines Seasonal: Brussels
CityJet Seasonal: London–City
Ernest Airlines Tirana[5]
HOP! Seasonal: Lyon
Iberia Madrid
operated by KLM Cityhopper
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
Meridiana Seasonal: Olbia
Mistral Air Bari,[6] Marseille, Nice, Olbia
Seasonal: Cagliari
Silver Air Elba
Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Swiss Global Air Lines
Geneva, Zürich
Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Helvetic Airways
Vueling Amsterdam, Barcelona, Catania, London–Gatwick, London–Luton,[7] Madrid, Palermo, Paris-Orly
Seasonal: Copenhagen, Mykonos, Palma de Mallorca[8] Santorini, Split, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion

Ground transportation[edit]

The airport is connected with the city of Florence by a bus line that runs to and from the central railway station every half-hour, operated by the local bus company ATAF. Taxis are available to downtown Florence.[9] A planned second line of the Florence light-rail network will have a terminal at the airport.[10]


External links[edit]

Media related to Florence Airport, Peretola at Wikimedia Commons