Perfluorobutanesulfonic acid

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Perfluorobutanesulfonic acid
Perfluorobutanesulfonic acid.svg
Names
Preferred IUPAC name
Perfluorobutanesulfonic acid
Systematic IUPAC name
1,1,2,2,3,3,4,4,4-Nonafluorobutane-1-sulfonic acid
Other names
FC-98

Nonaflate
Nonafluorobutanesulphonic acid
Perfluorobutane sulfonate

PFBS
Identifiers
375-73-5 N
59933-66-3 N
ChemSpider 61132 YesY
EC Number 206-793-1
Jmol interactive 3D Image
PubChem 67815
RTECS number EK5930000
UN number 3094, 3265
Properties
C4HF9O3S
Molar mass 300.10 g/mol
Melting point 76 to 84 °C (169 to 183 °F; 349 to 357 K) [1]
Boiling point 211 °C (412 °F; 484 K)[2]
Hazards
Corrosive (C)
R-phrases R34[3]
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
N verify (what is YesYN ?)
Infobox references

Perfluorobutanesulfonic acid (PFBS) is a chemical compound with a four carbon fluorocarbon chain and a sulfonic acid functional group. As an anion it functions as a stable fluorosurfactant because of the strength of carbon–fluorine bonds.

PFBS has served as a replacement for the persistent, toxic, and bioaccumulative perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS) in 3M's Scotchgard stain repellents since June 2003.[4][5] PFBS has a much shorter half-life in people than PFOS (a little over one month vs. 5.4 years).[6] While PFBS is expected to be persistent in the environment, multiple studies indicate that PFBS is neither toxic nor bioaccumulative.[5]

3M markets surfactant with PFBS in two fluorosurfactants.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nonafluorobutanesulphonic acid - 59933-66-3 Catalog of Chemical Suppliers". Retrieved 16 January 2009. 
  2. ^ Perfluorobutanesulfonic acid in the ChemIDplus database
  3. ^ "Safety Data Sheet-Nonafluorobutanesulphonic acid" (PDF). Retrieved 16 January 2009. 
  4. ^ Ullah, Aziz (October 2006). "The Fluorochemical Dilemma: What the PFOS/PFOA fuss is all about" (PDF). Cleaning & Restoration. Retrieved 16 January 2009. 
  5. ^ a b c Renner R (January 2006). "The long and the short of perfluorinated replacements". Environ. Sci. Technol. 40 (1): 12–3. doi:10.1021/es062612a. PMID 16433328. 
  6. ^ Betts KS (May 2007). "Perfluoroalkyl acids: what is the evidence telling us?". Environ. Health Perspect. 115 (5): A250–6. doi:10.1289/ehp.115-a250. PMC 1867999. PMID 17520044.