FDTS; Perfluorodecyltrichlorosilane; Perfluorooctylethyltrichlorosilane; 1H,1H,2H,2H-PERFLUORODECYLTRICHLOROSILANE; TRICHLORO-1H,1H,2H,2H-PERFLUORODECYLSILANE;
3D model (JSmol)
|Molar mass||581.556114 [g/mol]|
|Odor||pungent, resembling HCl|
|Boiling point||224 °C (435 °F; 497 K)|
|Solubility||soluble in THF, THP, toluene, and other organic solvents |
|Main hazards||Moisture sensitive|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Perfluorodecyltrichlorosilane, also known as FDTS, is a colorless liquid chemical with molecular formula C10H4Cl3F17Si. FDTS molecules form self-assembled monolayers. They bond onto surfaces terminated with hydroxyl (-OH) groups, such as glass, ceramics, or SiO2 forming a regular covalent bond. It anchors on oxide surfaces with its tricholoro-silane group and attaches covalently.
Due to its heavily fluorinated tail group, a FDTS monolayer reduces surface energy. Deposition of a FDTS monolayer is achieved by a relatively simple process, also known as molecular vapor deposition (MVD) It usually deposits from a vapor phase, at room to near-to-room temperatures (50 °C) and is thus compatible with most substrates. The process is usually carried out in a vacuum chamber and assisted by the presence of water vapor. Treated surfaces have water repellent and friction reducing properties.
For this reason, a FDTS monolayer is often applied to movable microparts of microelectromechanical systems (MEMS). A FDTS monolayer reduces surface energy and prevents sticking, so they are used to coat micro- and nano-features on stamps for a nanoimprint lithography which is becoming a method of choice for making electronics, organic photodiodes, microfluidics and other.
Reduced surface energy is helpful for reduction of ejection force and demolding of polymer parts in an injection molding and FDTS coating was applied onto some metallic injection molding molds and inserts.
- Srinivasan, U.; Houston, M.R.; Howe, R.T.; Maboudian, R.; , "Alkyltrichlorosilane-based self-assembled monolayer films for stiction reduction in silicon micromachines," Microelectromechanical Systems, Journal of , vol.7, no.2, pp. 252–260, Jun 1998. doi: 10.1109/84.679393
- Ruben B. A. Sharpe, Dirk Burdinski, Jurriaan Huskens, Harold J. W. Zandvliet, David N. Reinhoudt, and Bene Poelsema, Chemically Patterned Flat Stamps for Microcontact Printing, Journal of the American Chemical Society 2005 127 (29), 10344-10349.
- Ashurst, W. R., Carraro, C., and Maboudian, R., “Vapor Phase Anti-Stiction Coatings for MEMS,” IEEE Transactions on Device and Materials Reliability, Vol. 3, No. 4, pp. 173–178, 2003. doi: 10.1109/TDMR.2003.821540
- Ashurst, W. R. (Dec 2003). "Vapor phase anti-stiction coatings for MEMS". Device and Materials Reliability, IEEE Transactions on. 3 (4): 173–178. doi:10.1109/TDMR.2003.821540.
- Cech J, Taboryski R (2012). "Stability of FDTS monolayer coating on aluminum injection molding tools". Applied Surface Science. 259: 538–541. doi:10.1016/j.apsusc.2012.07.078.