Hương River

Coordinates: 16°33′N 107°38′E / 16.550°N 107.633°E / 16.550; 107.633
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(Redirected from Perfume River)
Hương River
The Hương River in Huế
Native nameSông Hương (Vietnamese)
ProvinceThừa Thiên-Huế
Physical characteristics
Source confluenceBằng Lãng
Length30 km (19 mi)
Basin features
 • leftTả Trạch
 • rightHữu Trạch

The Hương River (Sông Hương or Hương Giang; , literally "Perfume River") is a river that crosses the city of Huế, in the central Vietnamese province of Thừa Thiên-Huế. In the autumn, flowers from orchards upriver from Huế fall into the water, giving the river a perfume-like aroma, hence the sobriquet.[1]

Source and flow[edit]

Upstream of the Hương River in the Thần kinh thập nhị cảnh (神京二十景) set of landscape paintings painted in the 5th year of Thiệu Trị, 1845
Hương River in the Thần kinh thập nhị cảnh (神京二十景) set of landscape paintings painted in the 5th year of Thiệu Trị, 1845

The Hương River has two sources; both begin in the Dãy Trường Sơn mountain range and meet at Bằng Lãng Fork. The Tả Trạch (left tributary) originates in the Trường Đồng mountains and flows northwest towards the fork. The river then flows along south–north direction past the temples of Hòn Chén and Ngọc Trản, then flows north-west, meandering through the Nguyệt Biều and Luong Quan plains. Continuing on, the Sông Hương (Hương River) flows to the northeast to Huế and passes the resting place of the Nguyễn emperors. The river continues, passing Hen islet and various villages, crossing the Sinh junction (capital of ancient Châu Hóa) before emptying into the Tam Giang lagoon.

From Bằng Lãng to the Thuan An estuary, the river is 30 km long and runs very slowly (as the river level is not much above sea level). The river darkens as it winds along the foot of Ngọc Trản mountain, where there is a deep abyss.[citation needed] Hương River basin has the highest rainfall in Vietnam.[2]

Surrounding area[edit]

The 105 m Mount Ngự Bình is strikingly symmetrical. On both sides of the Bang Son (Even Mount) are two small mounts, Ta Bat Son (left mount) and Huu Bat Son (right mount). After observing that Bang Son resembled a screen, the Nguyễn dynasty decided to build up Huế, which became known as their "Forbidden Purple City". Emperor Gia Long approved the design of geomancers, which chose this mount as a front altar of the imposing and solid defending wall system, and renamed it Ngự Bình.[citation needed]


  1. ^ "Perfume River (Hương River)". Vietnam beauty. August 28, 2008. Retrieved July 16, 2019.
  2. ^ Giang, Nguyen Hong; Wang, YuRen; Hieu, Tran Dinh; Tho, Quan Thanh; Phuong, Le Anh; Do, Hoang Ngo Tu (1 January 2021). "Toward rainfall prediction by machine learning in Perfume River Basin, Thua Thien Hue Province, Vietnam". Open Geosciences. 13 (1): 963–976. doi:10.1515/geo-2020-0276. ISSN 2391-5447.

External links[edit]

16°33′N 107°38′E / 16.550°N 107.633°E / 16.550; 107.633