Pergamos, Cyprus

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Pergamos

Pergamos is located in Cyprus
Pergamos
Pergamos
Location in Cyprus
Coordinates: 35°2′34″N 33°42′25″E / 35.04278°N 33.70694°E / 35.04278; 33.70694Coordinates: 35°2′34″N 33°42′25″E / 35.04278°N 33.70694°E / 35.04278; 33.70694
Country (de jure) Cyprus
 • DistrictLarnaca District
Country (de facto) Northern Cyprus[1]
 • DistrictGazimağusa District
Government
 • Mayorİlker Edip
Population
(2011)[2]
 • Total1,196
 • Municipality
4,125
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
WebsiteTurkish Cypriot municipality

Pergamos (Greek: Πέργαμoς; Turkish: Beyarmudu) is a Turkish Cypriot village in Larnaca District, Cyprus, 4 km north of Pyla, almost surrounded by the British Sovereign Base Area (SBA) at Dhekelia.[3] Pergamos is under the de facto control of Northern Cyprus.

Under Ottoman rule it was in the Caza of Famagusta and initially remained so under British rule.[4] Around 1920 it was moved to Larnaca District.[5][6]

Name[edit]

The origin of the name is uncertain and may be associated with ancient Pergamon in Asia Minor. The Turkish Cypriot name became Beyarmudu in 1958, meaning lord's pear.[3] Pergamos was actually called Pergama and is visible on a map which was published by Jacomo Franco in Venice 1570.

Demographics[edit]

Pergamos had a population of 87 in 1881 (first British census).[4] During the British period it was almost solely inhabited by Turkish Cypriots, which it remains.[3] In 1960 there were 826 inhabitants, all Turkish Cypriots.[7] In 2011 the population was 1,196, a slight decrease from 1,270 in 2006.[2] Some Turkish Cypriots who were displaced to Pergamos during the 1960s have remained since in the village.[3]

Current conditions[edit]

Apart from the area within the SBA, it lies within the Turkish sector under the De facto control of Northern Cyprus, in the new Famagusta district of the Turkish Cypriots.[3]

Pergamos is the site of a Green Line crossing checkpoint. That and the proximity of the SBA has assisted economic development in the area.[3]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Pergamos is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ In 1983, the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus unilaterally declared independence from the Republic of Cyprus. The de facto state is not recognised by any UN state except Turkey.
  2. ^ a b KKTC 2011 Nüfus ve Konut Sayımı [TRNC 2011 Population and Housing Census] (PDF), TRNC State Planning Organization, 6 August 2013, p. 19
  3. ^ a b c d e f PRIO web site http://www.prio-cyprus-displacement.net/default.asp?id=383 retrieved Aug 2018
  4. ^ a b Census of Cyprus 1881, printed by Eyre & Spottiswoode, London , 1884
  5. ^ Report and General Abstracts of the Census of Cyprus 1911, publ. Waterlow and Sons Ltd, London, 1912
  6. ^ Report and General Abstracts of the Census of Cyprus 1921, publ. Waterlow and Sons Ltd, London, 1922
  7. ^ Census of Population and Agriculture 1960, pub.Printing Office of the Republic of Cyprus, Nicosia, 1960; Vol.1, Table IV
  8. ^ Sarıyer - Twin Towns, Sarıyer-City.sk, retrieved 2013-10-19
  9. ^ Kepez - Twin Towns, Kepez-City.sk, archived from the original on 2013-10-19, retrieved 2013-10-19
  10. ^ Karaman - Twin Towns, Karaman-City.sk, retrieved 2013-10-19