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- Periboea was the daughter of either King Cychreus of Salamis or of Alcathous, her mother in the latter case being either Pyrgo or Evaechme, daughter of Megareus. She was ravished by Telamon who then fled away; when her father learned of that, he ordered for her to be cast in the sea, but the guard who was to perform that took pity on her and sold her away; the one who bought her happened to be Telamon. She became by him mother of Ajax. She was among the would-be sacrificial victims of Minotaur; while on board the ship, Minos attempted to sexually abuse her but she was defended by Theseus, with whom she later consorted. Also known as Eriboea.
- Periboea, daughter of the Giant Eurymedon and the mother of Nausithous with Poseidon.
- Periboea, wife of Polybus, foster mother of Oedipus.
- Periboea, a Naiad, wife of Icarius, mother of Penelope, Perilaus, Aletes, Damasippus, Imeusimus and Thoas, presumably also of Iphthime. Icarius' wife is alternatively known as Asterodia, Dorodoche or Polycaste
- Periboea, daughter of Hipponous and mother of Tydeus by Oeneus.
- Periboea, one of the first two maidens sent by the people of Locris to the shrine of Athena at Troy, in order to relieve them of plague. The other was named Cleopatra.
- Periboea, eldest daughter of Acessamenus, and mother of Pelagon by the river-god Axius.
- Periboea, one of the Oceanids; mother of Aura by Lelantos.
- Periboea, mother, by Meges, of the Trojans Celtus and Eubius (Εὔβιος).
- Periboea, a daughter of Aeolus the wind lord.
- Pausanias, Description of Greece, 1. 43. 4
- Pseudo-Plutarch, Parallel Lives, 27. 312b
- Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3. 12. 7
- Pausanias, Description of Greece, 1. 42. 1, 1. 17. 3
- Bacchylides, Ode 17, 8-16
- Plutarch, Life of Theseus, 29. 1
- Pherecydes in Athenaeus, 13. 557b. A certain "Phereboea" is also mentioned by him among the wives of Theseus; she could be identical with Periboea
- Pausanias, Description of Greece, 1. 6. 45
- Sophocles, Ajax, 566
- Pindar, Isthmian Ode 6. 65
- Hyginus, Fabulae, 14
- Homer, Odyssey, 7. 56-57
- Bibliotheca 3. 5. 7
- Bibliotheca 3. 10. 6
- Homer, Odyssey, 4, 797
- Scholia on Homer, Odyssey, 15. 16
- Strabo, Geography, 10. 2. 24; her sons by Icarius are called Alyzeus and Leucadius
- Bibliotheca 1. 8. 4
- Scholia on Euripides, Phoenician Women, 133
- Bibliotheca, Epitome of Book 4, 6. 20-21
- Homer, Iliad 20. 142
- Nonnus, Dionysiaca 48. 264 ff
- Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy, 7. 606 ff
- Scholia on Odyssey, 10. 6