Period of mobilization for the suppression of Communist rebellion

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Period of mobilization for the suppression of Communist rebellion (Chinese: 動員戡亂時期; pinyin: Dòngyuán Kānluàn Shíqí)[1] was a political term used by the government of the Republic of China and Kuomintang party to describe its rule of mainland China from 1947 to 1949, of Taiwan from 1949 to 1987 and of Kinmen, Matsu Islands and Spratly Islands from 1949 to 1991 under martial law.[2] In Taiwan the term "White Terror" is often used to describe the era.[3]

The Provisional Act[edit]

In 1946, the Chinese Civil War between the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and the Government of the Republic of China had resumed, in response of the war, the first session of the National Assembly convened in 1948 enacted the "Mobilization for the Suppression of Communist Rebellion Provisional Act". The Provisional Act is provided to the then President Chiang Kai-shek extended powers to mobilize against the CCP. After the central government of the Republic of China had relocated to Taiwan in 1949, the Provisional Act provided the government ways to suppress its opponents.


The period was formally ended by President Lee Teng-hui on 1 May 1991, thereby signalling the Republic of China's willingness to abandon unification of China through violent means.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Relations Across The Taiwan Straits". Mainland Affairs Information and Research Center, Mainland Affairs Council, Taiwan. Retrieved 2010-04-25. 
  2. ^ "Constitution Day and Constitutional Government". 2001. Retrieved 2010-04-25.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  3. ^ "White Terror exhibit unveils part of the truth". The Taipei Times. May 20, 2005. Retrieved 2010-04-25. Pages full of despair and fear could be written about the era known as the White Terror in Taiwan.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  4. ^ Van Vranken Hickey, Dennis (2001). The Armies of East Asia: China, Taiwan, Japan, and the Koreas. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers. p. 120. ISBN 9781555879921. Retrieved 9 August 2015 – via Questia. (Subscription required (help)).