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Parus ater 2 (Marek Szczepanek).jpg
Coal tit, Periparus ater
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Paridae
Genus: Periparus
Sélys Longchamps, 1884

See text

Periparus distribution map.png
Range of Periparus

Periparus is a genus of birds in the tit family. The birds in the genus were formerly included in Parus but were moved to Periparus when Parus was split into several resurrected genera following the publication of a detailed molecular phylogenetic analysis in 2005.[1][2] The name Periparus had been introduced for a subgenus of Parus that included the coal tit by the Belgium naturalist Edmond de Sélys Longchamps in 1884.[3] The genus name, is Ancient Greek peri plus the pre-existing genus Parus.[4]

The genus contains the following species:[5]

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Rufous-naped Tit.jpg Periparus rufonuchalis Rufous-naped tit or black-breasted tit India, China, Pakistan, Turkestan, Kyrgyzstan, and Afghanistan
Rufous-vented Tit Lungthu Pangolakha WLS East Sikkim India 18.10.2015.jpg Periparus rubidiventris Rufous-vented tit Bhutan, China, Pakistan, India, Myanmar and Nepal
2017.01.27.-18-Paradiski-La Plagne-Champagny-en-Vanoise--Tannenmeise.jpg Periparus ater Coal tit subtropical Eurasia and northern Africa.

All occur in Asia; the coal tit also has a wide range in Europe and North Africa. These birds have white cheeks and most have a tufted head.


  1. ^ Gill, F.B.; Slikas, B.; Sheldon, F.H. (2005). "Phylogeny of titmice (Paridae): II. Species relationships based on sequences of the mitochondrial cytochrome-b gene". Auk. 122: 121–143. doi:10.1642/0004-8038(2005)122[0121:POTPIS]2.0.CO;2.
  2. ^ Johansson, U.S.; Ekman, J.; Bowie, R.C.K.; Halvarsson, P.; Ohlson, J.I.; Price, T.D.; Ericson, P.G.P. (2013). "A complete multilocus species phylogeny of the tits and chickadees (Aves: Paridae)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 69 (3): 852–860. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2013.06.019. PMID 23831453.
  3. ^ Selys Longchamps, E. (1884). "Considérations sur le genre mésange (Parus)". Bulletin de la Société zoologique de France (in French). 9: 32–78 [43, 59].
  4. ^ Jobling, James A (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 298. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
  5. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David (eds.). "Waxwings and their allies, tits & penduline tits". World Bird List Version 6.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 15 February 2016.