Papuan Tip languages

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Papuan Tip
Eastern New Guinea
Linguistic classification Austronesian
  • Nuclear Papuan Tip
  • Sualic
  • North Mainland – D'Entrecasteaux
  • Peripheral Papuan Tip
  • Kilivila–Misima
  • Nimoa–Sudest
  • Central Papuan Tip
Glottolog papu1253[1]

The Papuan Tip languages are a branch of the Western Oceanic languages consisting of 60 languages. All Papuan Tip languages, except Nimoa, Sudest, and the Kilivila languages (all spoken on islands off the coast of mainland Papua New Guinea), have SOV word order due to influences from nearby Papuan languages (Lynch, Ross, & Crowley 2002:104). Universally, this is considered to be a typologically unusual change.


According to Lynch, Ross, & Crowley (2002), the structure of the family is as follows:[2]

Maisin is difficult to classify, but its Austronesian component likely belongs with Nuclear Papuan Tip. Yele has recently been tentatively classified as closest to Nimoa–Sudest.


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Papuan Tip linkage". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  2. ^ Lynch, John; Malcolm Ross; Terry Crowley (2002). The Oceanic languages. Richmond, Surrey: Curzon. ISBN 9780700711284. OCLC 48929366.