Periyapattinam

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Periyapattinam
village
Periyapattinam is located in Tamil Nadu
Periyapattinam
Periyapattinam
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 9°16′21″N 78°54′08″E / 9.272625°N 78.902328°E / 9.272625; 78.902328Coordinates: 9°16′21″N 78°54′08″E / 9.272625°N 78.902328°E / 9.272625; 78.902328
Country India
StateTamil Nadu
DistrictRamanathapuram
Elevation
8 m (26 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total9,478
Languages
 • OfficialTamil
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
623 523
Telephone code91 4567
Vehicle registrationTN 65
Distance from Chennai560 kilometres (350 mi) S
Distance from Madurai135 kilometres (84 mi) E
Distance from Ramanathapuram20 kilometres (12 mi) S
ClimateBSh (Köppen)
Precipitation909 millimetres (35.8 in)
Avg. summer temperature30 °C (86 °F)
Avg. winter temperature25 °C (77 °F)

Periyapattinam is a large village located in the eastern part (Gulf of Mannar) of Ramanathapuram district, Tamil Nadu, India. The inhabitants of this village are primarily Tamil Muslims

History[edit]

Marcopolo Travel

This place is one of the historic ports of Eastern (Gulf of Mannar) from 21 km distance of Ramanathapuram where Ibn Battuta, Marcopolo and other famous travellers visited. ibn Battuta mentioned this place as fattan at his book Rihla.The port was called Parakirama Pattinam in the 10th century.[1] [2] In the 12th century, it was called Pavitra Manicka Pattinam. It was also called Ta Pa Tan by the famous Chinese traveller Wang Ta-Yuan in the 14th century.[3] Now, it is called Periyapattinam, where thousands of Muslims live. Most Muslims consider themselves to be settler descendants of maritime traders who had business linking the Persian Gulf to the south Indian coast and Southeast Asia.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[4] [5]

State Name TAMIL NADU (33)
District Name Ramanathapuram (626)
Sub-District Name Ramanathapuram (05860)
Town Name Periyapattinam (CT) (642165)
Ward Name Periyapattinam (CT) WARD NO.-0001 (0001)

Number of Households: 1777

Population Person Male Female
Total 9730 5099 4631
In the age group 0–6 years 1100 520 580
Scheduled Castes (SC) 338 195 143
Scheduled Tribes (ST) 0 0 0
Literates 7344 4098 3246
Illiterate 2386 1001 1385
Total Worker 2313 2176 137
Main Worker 1950 1871 79
Main Worker - Cultivator 16 15 1
Main Worker - Agricultural Labourers 296 287 9
Main Worker - Household Industries 20 11 9
Main Worker - Other 1618 1558 60
Marginal Worker 363 305 58
Marginal Worker - Cultivator 15 7 8
Marginal Worker - Agriculture Labourers 4 4 0
Marginal Worker - Household Industries 4 0 4
Marginal Workers - Other 340 294 46
Marginal Worker (3-6 Months) 346 295 51
Marginal Worker - Cultivator (3-6 Months) 15 7 8
Marginal Worker - Cultivator (3-6 Months) 4 4 0
Marginal Worker - Agriculture Labourers (3-6 Months) 0 0 0
Marginal Worker - Household Industries (3-6 Months) 327 284 43
Marginal Worker - Other (3-6 Months) 17 10 7
Marginal Worker - Cultivator (0-3 Months) 0 0 0
Marginal Worker - Agriculture Labourers (0-3 Months) 0 0 0
Marginal Worker - Household Industries (0-3 Months) 4 0 4
Marginal Worker - Other Workers (0-3 Months) 13 10 3
Non Worker 7417 2923 4494

Hospitals[edit]

List of Hospitals[edit]

  • Government Hospital -Periyapattinam
  • Jawahar Hospital# - Ramanathapuram (Dr. Jawahar) from Preiyapattnam
  • Government Hospital - Ramanathapuram
  • Syed Ammal Trust Hospital - Ramanathapuram
  • Pioneer Hospitals (P) Ltd - Ramanathapuram
  • A.R.Hospital - Ramanathapuram
  • M.G Hospital - Ramanathapuram
  • Sathya Hospital- Ramanathapuram

Education[edit]

Periyapattinam Higher Secondary School is one of the best secondary schools in the area and offers a basic education. Nowadays, the young ones from here are very much interested in acquiring higher education by moving to places like Ramanathapuram, Chennai, Madurai, Trichy, etc.

There are other few schools & Colleges in Ramanathapuram, mainly focused on Business not in Education.

Notable schools

  • Segu Jalaludeen Ambalam Primary School - Periyapattinam
  • Government higher secondary school - Periyapattinam
  • Al Jalalia Nursery and Matriculation School - Periyapattinam
  • Al Ameen Nursery and Matriculation School - Periyapattinam
  • Al Kalam Matriculation School - Periyapattinam
  • National Academy Matriculation School - Ramanathapuram
  • MG Public Matriculation School - Ramanathapuram
  • Syed Ammal Matriculation School - Ramanathapuram
  • Nabeesa Ammal Matric Higher Secondary School - Ramanathapuram
  • Allwin Matric hr.sec School - Ramanathapuram
  • Velumanickam Matriculation school - Vani-Ramanathapuram

Notable colleges

Sports[edit]

The most popular sports in Periyapattinam are football, cricket, volleyball and Kabaaddi. Silambattam Periyapattinam had one of the biggest cricket grounds in Ramanathapuram District. It hosted many district cricket leagues and football tournaments. The youths in this village have represented Ramanathapuram District Cricket team. Talented youths represent their college football team in various colleges in Tamil Nadu.

Features[edit]

Betel

Periyapattinam pan (Betel) exports to neighboring districts and states. Periyapattinam many areas still In "Betel Kodikka" to be seen. There is low rainfall in Ramanathapuram district which is one of the best coconut-producing areas. Ground water self sufficient village.

Famous Ponds/Pools[edit]

  • Thennangundu
  • Elumicchampalli
  • Kottai kulam
  • Syed aliappa kulam
  • Kaaran Tharavai
  • Amman Kovil
  • settiyar kulam

Now these ponds are being polluted due to lack of governance & poor maintenance.

Cuisine[edit]

The food habits practised by the Periyapattinam people have similarities with Sri Lankan Tamil Muslim cuisine and Malay cuisine. For example, foods like vatlappam,[6] Idiyappam are probably from Sri Lanka. Most of the dietary practices of people of Periyapattinam follow thatd of coastal dwellers i.e. seafood dependence.

Other foods

  • Fish Kulambu (Fish Curry)[7]
  • Karuvattu Aanam( Dryfish curry)[8]
  • Thengai Paal Rasam & Paal Puliyaanam (Coconut Milk Rasam)[9]
  • Prawns[10]
  • Crab[11]
  • Vattalappam is a famous dish during Eid and some special occasions
  • Suttuppenanchaanam is also a traditional famous dish in this village.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ South India and Her Muhammadan Invaders by Krishnaswami S. Aiyangar.
  2. ^ South India and Her Muhammadan Invaders by Krishnaswami S. Aiyangar.
  3. ^ Science and civilisation in China, Vol. 6, Part 3. by Joseph Needham, Christian Daniels, Nicholas K. Menzies.
  4. ^ http://censusindia.gov.in/PopulationFinder/Sub_Districts_Master.aspx?state_code=33&district_code=27 Archived 25 March 2014 at the Wayback Machine - Rural- Ramanathapuram District;Ramanathapuram Taluk;Periapattinam Village 2011-ம் ஆண்டிற்கான இந்திய மக்கள்தொகைக் கணக்கெடுப்பு அறிக்கை
  5. ^ http://www.censusindia.gov.in/pca/final_pca.aspx - Rural- Ramanathapuram District;Ramanathapuram Taluk;Periapattinam Village 2011-ம் ஆண்டிற்கான இந்திய மக்கள்தொகைக் கணக்கெடுப்பு அறிக்கை
  6. ^ Vatlappam Recipe http://www.indianfoodrecipes.co.in/egg-coconut-pudding
  7. ^ Fish Kulambu http://tamilnadurecipes.com/2009/02/07/fish-curry-meen-columbu/
  8. ^ Karuvattu Aanam http://www.tastyappetite.net/2013/03/how-to-make-chettinad-karuvadu-kuzhambu.html#.UzO5pPmSwXs
  9. ^ Thengai Paal Rasam http://www.indiantamilrecipe.com/vegetarian/rasam/coconut-milk-rasam-recipe
  10. ^ Prawns Curry http://www.flavorsofmumbai.com/prawns-curry-south-indian-style/
  11. ^ Crab Curry http://mysouthernflavours.com/2015/02/08/south-indian-style-crab-curry-gravy-masala/

External links[edit]