|United States Ambassador to Luxembourg|
July 6, 1949 – April 13, 1953
|President||Harry S Truman|
|Preceded by||Alan G. Kirk|
|Succeeded by||Wiley T. Buchanan Jr.|
October 12, 1889
Sturgis, Michigan, U.S.
|Died||March 16, 1975 (aged 85)|
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma U.S.
|Political party||Democratic (after 1940)|
Republican (before 1940)
Perle Reid Mesta (née Skirvin) (October 12, 1889 – March 16, 1975) was an American socialite, political hostess, and United States ambassador to Luxembourg (1949–53).
Mesta was known for her lavish parties for Washington, D.C. society, and attendees included artists, entertainers and many national political figures.
She was the inspiration for Irving Berlin's musical Call Me Madam, which starred Ethel Merman as the character based on Mesta in both the Broadway play and the movie. She appeared on the March 14, 1949, cover of TIME. She was the title character played by Shirley Booth in the Playhouse 90 feature "The Hostess with the Mostess" in 1957. In a 2009 essay by Thomas Mallon, Mesta has been identified as a model for the character Dolly Harrison in Allen Drury's 1959 novel Advise and Consent.
She was born Pearl Skirvin in Sturgis, Michigan, a daughter of William Balser Skirvin, an original '89er who became a wealthy Oklahoma oilman and founder of the lavish Skirvin Hotel located in downtown Oklahoma City. Her younger sister was a silent-film actress, Marguerite Skirvin Tyson (1896–1963). She married Western Pennsylvania steel manufacturer and engineer George Mesta in 1916, but was widowed in 1925; she was the only heir to his $78 million fortune ($1.11 billion today). Mesta settled in Newport, Rhode Island, but moved to Washington, D.C. in 1940. She also maintained a home in the Pittsburgh suburb of West Homestead, Pennsylvania, the location of her late husband's Mesta Machinery plant and headquarters, but spent little time there, as she felt largely unaccepted by the Pittsburgh social scene. Four years later, Mesta changed the spelling of her first name to Perle.
She was active in the National Woman's Party and was an early supporter of an Equal Rights Amendment. She switched to the Democratic Party in 1940 and was an early supporter of Harry S. Truman, who rewarded her with an ambassadorship to Luxembourg. Former President Richard M. Nixon remarked in grand jury testimony after the fallout of Watergate and his resignation in June 1975 that: "Perle Mesta wasn't sent to Luxembourg because she had big bosoms. Perle Mesta went to Luxembourg because she made a good contribution."
Mesta is most noted for her festive parties, which brought together senators, congressmen, cabinet secretaries and other luminaries in bipartisan soirées of high-class glamour. Invitation to a Mesta party was a sure sign that one had reached the inner circle of Washington political society. Her influence peaked during the Truman era; being an old friend of the Eisenhowers, she maintained her social position throughout the 1950s despite her support of the Democratic Party. Her power waned significantly with the rise of the Kennedys in 1960. Perle was in fact a friend of Rose Kennedy, but a generation gap between her and Jacqueline Kennedy had made it impossible for her to stay relevant during the Kennedy era. Nevertheless, she remained an avid hostess until her later years.
Mesta wrote the autobiography Perle: My Story, published in 1960, and was the subject of a book by Paul Lesch titled Playing Her Part: Perle Mesta in Luxembourg. Lesch also directed a documentary film about Mesta's stay in Luxembourg titled Call Her Madam (Samsa Film, 1997).
- "'Advise and Consent' at 50" by novelist Thomas Mallon, The New York Times Book Review, 6/25/09 (p. BR23 of 6/28/09 NY ed.). Retrieved 6/28/09.
- Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Retrieved January 2, 2019.
- "George Mesta, Noted Engineer, Dies Here" abstract; subscription availability, The New York Times, 23 April 1925, page 25.
- Abbott, James, "Jansen", NY: Acanthus Press, 2006, pages 174-179
- Whitman, Alden (March 17, 1975). "Reigned for Thirty Years". New York Times. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
- "Nixon Defended His Legacy in Grand Jury Tape". Associated Press. November 10, 2011.
- Oklahoma Heritage Society. "Oklahoma Hall of Fame". Retrieved December 9, 2012.
- Various clippings and articles located in the Pennsylvania section of the Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh, PA.