Perley G. Nutting

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Perley G. Nutting
Perley G. Nutting
Citizenship U S A
Fields Physics
Institutions Eastman Kodak Company
United States Geological Survey
Alma mater Stanford University B.A.
University of California, Berkeley M.A.
Cornell University Ph.D.
Known for Optical Society of America

Perley Gilman Nutting (1873–1949) was an optical physicist and the founder of the Optical Society of America (OSA). He served as its first president from 1916-1917.[1] OSA is now known as the Optical Society.

A graduate of Stanford University (B.A. 1897), the University of California, Berkeley (M.A. 1899) and Cornell University (Ph.D. 1903),[2][3] Nutting joined the U.S. Bureau of Standards as a physicist in 1903.[4] It is claimed that in 1904, Nutting constructed one of the earliest, if not the first, neon sign, which was displayed at the 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition; however, this story has been disputed.[3]

In 1910, Nutting[3] joined the staff of Eastman Kodak Company and was the author of the 1912 book Outlines of Applied Optics, which called for an increased level of academic study in the applied optics field.[5] In 1915, Nutting convened a series of meetings among Rochester, New York–based physicists that resulted in the founding of the OSA in January 1916.[3]

Nutting moved from Kodak to Westinghouse in 1917. In 1924 he returned to government work, moving to the United States Geological Survey where he remained until his retirement in 1943.[3]

Nutting's son, Perley G. Nutting Jr., was the tireless grad student known as observer PGN for the demonstration of the MacAdam ellipse.[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "JOSA Articles Published by Early OSA Presidents". Journal of the Optic Society of America. Retrieved 2009-02-21. 
  2. ^ "Encyclopedia of the History of Psychological Theories 2012, pp. 742 Nutting, Perley G. by David C. Devonis". 
  3. ^ a b c d e John N. Howard (February 2009). "OSA's First Four Presidents". Optics & Photonics News. Retrieved 2009-02-21. 
  4. ^ "Dr. Perley G. Nutting". The New York Times. August 9, 1949. Retrieved 2009-02-21. 
  5. ^ "Rush Rees and His University:1900-1930" (PDF). University of Rochester. Retrieved 2009-02-21. 
  6. ^ "Observers, Illuminants, Light Sources for Color Difference Calculations". Retrieved 2009-05-29. 

External links[edit]