- U.S. perm
- The U.S. perm is defined as 1 grain of water vapor per hour, per square foot, per inch of mercury.
1 U.S. perm = 0.659045 metric perms ≈ 57.2135 ng·s−1·m−2·Pa−1
- Metric perm
- The metric perm (not an SI unit) is defined as 1 gram of water vapor per day, per square meter, per millimeter of mercury.
1 metric perm = 1.51735 US perms ≈ 86.8127 ng·s−1·m−2·Pa−1
- Equivalent SI unit
- The equivalent SI measure is the nanogram per second per square meter per pascal.
1 ng·s−1·m−2·Pa−1 ≈ 0.0174784 US perms ≈ 0.0115191 metric perms 1 kg·s−1·m−2·Pa−1 ≈ 1.74784x1010 US perms ≈ 1.15191x1010 metric perms
German Institute for Standardization unit
A variant of the metric perm is used in DIN Standard 53122, where permeance is also expressed in grams per square meter per day, but at a fixed, "standard" vapor-pressure difference of 17.918 mmHg. This unit is thus 17.918 times smaller than a metric perm, corresponding to about 0.084683 of a U.S. perm.
- Michon, Gérard P. (April 29, 2003) "Permeability and permeance". Final Answers: Physics of Gases and Fluids. - accessed August 13, 2007