Perm International Airport
|Perm International Airport|
Международный аэропорт Пермь
Russian Air Force
|Serves||Perm, Perm Krai, Russia|
|Elevation AMSL||m / 397 ft|
Perm Krai in Russia
Perm International Airport (Russian: Международный аэропорт Пермь) (IATA: PEE, ICAO: USPP) is an international airport located at Bolshoye Savino, 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) southwest of the city of Perm, Russia. It is the only airport in Perm Krai with scheduled commercial flights, and serves as Perm's main civilian airport, with bus and minibus services operating during the daytime to the city's main bus terminus.
Perm International is a joint civil-military airfield, hosting a small number of fighter and bomber planes of the Russian Air Force operated by the 764 IAP (764th Interceptor Aviation Regiment), the only regiment of combat aviation in the 5th Air Army.
Perm International Airport was first constructed in 1952 as Bolshoye Savino Airport under the personal control of Field Marshal Georgy Zhukov, a national hero in the Soviet Union for his actions as a commander during World War II. Zhukov was later exiled by Joseph Stalin after the war into the Urals to take command of the Ural Military District, constructing the airfield for the Soviet Air Force in the village of Bolshoye Savino, on the outskirts of the city of Perm.
On May 1, 1960, Boris Ajvazyan and Sergei Safronov, two pilots of the 764th Fighter Aviation Regiment involved in the interception of the United States U-2 spy aircraft, were stationed at Bolshoye Savino. During the incident, Safronov was accidentally killed by friendly fire while piloting his MiG-19, which had been scrambled to intercept the U-2 piloted by Gary Powers. A Soviet SAM site fired a salvo of S-75 Dvina missiles at the U-2, downing it, but the strike was mistakenly read to be a miss. Another salvo was fired, however, Safronov was accidentally targeted due to his plane having outdated IFF codes.
In 1965, Bolshoye Savino became the main civilian airport for Perm, replacing the nearby Bakharevka Airport. It was re-purposed as a joint civil-military airport, and began servicing medium-sized airliners with 39 parking spots, a terminal and a cargo area. During the Cold War, the airfield operated up to 38 MiG-25 interceptors, with a number of Yak-25, and Yak-28 aircraft and received modern MiG-31s in 1991. In 2002, the runway was lengthened from 2,500 to 3,200 meters.
Reconstruction and new terminal
In 2012, with increasing traffic and the need for regional flights, the government started making plans for an improvement project that would include a new passenger terminal with an annual capacity of 2 million passengers by 2020, as well as other minor improvements. Further expansion by 2035 was going to include doubling the floor area of the terminal, as well as building multi-level car parks, office space, hotels, a shopping mall and an aircraft hangar. Perm citizens have chosen to retain the name "Bolshoye Savino", for the new terminal.
The new terminal was officially opened on 30 November 2017. International flights are currently served by the old terminal. First international flights expected to be launched in March 2018.
Airlines and destinations
- Aeroflot Flight 821, operated by Aeroflot-Nord in a service agreement with Aeroflot, crashed on approach on September 14, 2008, killing all 88 people on board. One of the pilots was found to be intoxicated by alcohol.
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- Russian Plane Crashes, Killing 88
Media related to Bolshoye Savino Airport at Wikimedia Commons