Permanent Force Good Service Medal
|Permanent Force Good Service Medal|
|Awarded by the State President|
|Type||Military long service medal|
|Eligibility||Permanent Force, all ranks|
|Awarded for||18 years of good service|
|Status||Discontinued in 1975|
|Clasps||30 years of good service|
|SADF pre-1994 & SANDF post-2002 orders of wear|
18 Years and 30 Years service ribbon bars
The Permanent Force Good Service Medal was instituted by the Republic of South Africa in 1961, when South Africa became a republic, to replace the Union Medal. It was awarded to Permanent Force members of the South African Defence Force for eighteen years of service and good conduct.
The South African military
The Union Defence Forces (UDF) were established in 1912 and renamed the South African Defence Force (SADF) in 1958. On 27 April 1994 it was integrated with six other independent forces into the South African National Defence Force (SANDF).
Orders, decorations and medals
In April 1952 a series of military decorations and medals was instituted, consisting of substitutes for many of the British and Commonwealth awards which had earlier been used. More decorations and medals, as well as an emblem for being mentioned in dispatches, were added between 1953 and 1970. In July 1975 the military decorations and medals of the Republic were revised. Some decorations and medals were carried over from the earlier series of 1952-1975 and new awards were instituted, followed by more between 1987 and 1991. Finally, all but one of these earlier awards were discontinued in respect of services performed on or after 27 April 2003, when a new set of nine decorations and medals was instituted to replace them.
Fount of Honour
Until 1958 the top three awards were reserved for conferment by the Queen while the rest were awarded by the Governor-General, but in 1958 the Governor-General was authorised to also award the top three. In 1961 the State President became the Fount of Honour, and in 1994 the President.
The Permanent Force Good Service Medal was instituted in 1961 and replaced the Union Medal when South Africa became a republic. It was awarded to Permanent Force members of the South African Defence Force for eighteen years of good service. A clasp could be awarded after thirty years of service.
Order of wear
With effect from 6 April 1952, when a new series of South African military decorations and medals was instituted to replace the hitherto used British and British Commonwealth decorations and medals, these new awards took precedence before all earlier British military orders, decorations and medals awarded to South Africans, with the exception of the Victoria Cross which still took precedence before all other awards. The other older British awards continued to be worn in the order prescribed by the British Central Chancery of the Orders of Knighthood.
The position of the Permanent Force Good Service Medal in the official order of precedence was revised three times after 1975 to accommodate the inclusion or institution of new decorations and medals, first with the integration into the South African National Defence Force on 27 April 1994, again when decorations and medals were belatedly instituted in April 1996 for the two former non-statutory forces, the Azanian People's Liberation Army and Umkhonto we Sizwe, and again when a new series of military orders, decorations and medals was instituted in South Africa on 27 April 2003. Its position remained unchanged upon all these occasions.
- South African Defence Force until 26 April 1994
- Official SADF order of precedence:
- Official national order of precedence. This national precedence was in error in respect of both the next higher and next lower medals as determined according to their dates of institution. The error was corrected by 1994.
- South African National Defence Force from 27 April 1994
- Official SANDF order of precedence:
- Official national order of precedence:
- Preceded by the Railway Police Good Service Medal of the Republic of South Africa.
- Succeeded by the Police Medal for Faithful Service of the Republic of South Africa.
The Permanent Force Good Service Medal is a medallion with a scalloped edge and a raised rim, 38 millimetres in diameter and 3 millimetres thick at the rim and struck in silver, depicting the pre-1994 South African Coat of Arms. The ribbon suspender is decorated with proteas and leaves.
The reverse is inscribed "VIR LANGDURIGE DIENS EN GOEIE GEDRAG" and "FOR LONG SERVICE AND GOOD CONDUCT" and has a raised rim and decorated ribbon suspender similar to those on the obverse. The medals and ribbon suspenders were minted separately and soldered together. The medal number was stamped or engraved at the bottom on the rim.
The clasp, awarded after thirty years of service, was struck in silver and is 32 millimetres wide, with the South African Coat of Arms embellished in the centre and with a hole at each corner to enable it to be sewn to the ribbon. When ribbons only are worn, recipients of the clasp would wear a silver button on the ribbon bar, embellished with the South African Coat of Arms.
The ribbon is 32 millimetres wide, with three bands of orange, white and blue, repeated three times, the outer orange and blue bands each 4 millimetres wide and the seven inner bands all approximately 3½ millimetres wide. Orange, white and blue are the colours of the pre-1994 national flag. It is identical to the ribbon of the Union Medal.
Conferment of the Permanent Force Good Service Medal was discontinued in 1975, when it was replaced by a new set of three good service medals, the Good Service Medal, Gold, Good Service Medal, Silver and the Good Service Medal, Bronze.
- South African Medal Website - SA Defence Force : 1952-1975 (Accessed 30 April 2015)
- Alexander, E.G.M., Barron G.K.B. and Bateman, A.J. (1986). South African Orders, Decorations and Medals. Human and Rousseau.
- Monick, S, (1988). South African Military Awards 1912-1987. South African National Museum of Military History.
- South African Medal Website - SA Defence Force : 1975-2003 (Accessed 30 April 2015)
- Suid-Afrikaanse militêre dekorasies: 1952-1975
- Suid-Afrikaanse militêre dekorasies: 1975-2003
- Republic of South Africa Government Gazette Vol. 457, no. 25213, Pretoria, 25 July 2003
- South African Medal Website - Legal aspects - Fount of Honour (Accessed 1 May 2015)
- The London Gazette: . 17 March 2003. (Access date 14 April 2015)
- Government Notice no. 1982 of 1 October 1954 - Order of Precedence of Orders, Decorations and Medals, published in the Government Gazette of 1 October 1954.
- Republic of South Africa Government Gazette Vol. 477, no. 27376, Pretoria, 11 March 2005, OCLC 72827981
- Republic of South Africa Government Gazette no. 15093, Pretoria, 3 September 1993
- SA Army - Uniform: Former Forces Medals: South African Defence Force
- Republic of South Africa Government Gazette no. 26778, Pretoria, 17 September 2004