Permanent autonomous zone

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A permanent autonomous zone (PAZ) is a community that is autonomous from the generally recognized state or authority structure in which it is embedded. PAZs are not controlled by any government (as recognized by other governments).[citation needed]


The phrase permanent autonomous zone has been applied to groups such as:[citation needed]


Zone Start Date End Date City, State Country Notes
Kowloon Walled City 1987 1989 Hong Kong China
Exarcheia 1973 ongoing Athens Greece
Metelkova 1993 ongoing Ljubljana Slovenia
Freetown Christiania 1971 ongoing Copenhagen Denmark A partially self-governing neighborhood in the city of Copenhagen, Denmark, which has established semi-legal status as an independent community.
Zone to Defend 2020 ongoing Notre-Dame-des-Landes France The ZAD (French: zone à défendre) in French) is a militant occupation that is intended to physically blockade a development project, notably the one located in the commune of Notre-Dame-des-Landes in France.
Paris Commune 1870 1871 Paris France As well as short-lived counterparts declared in other French towns in 1870–71.
Auroville 1968 ongoing India An intentional community.
Shinmin Prefecture 1929 1931 Manchuria In the Korea borderlands.
Rebel Zapatista Autonomous Municipalities 1994 ongoing Chiapas Mexico The independent Zapatista communities (MAREZ from their name in Spanish). Established following the 1994 Zapatista uprising, these communities operate, in practice, outside of Mexican law. They are governed internally by "Good Government Councils" composed of community members and also often by weekly general assemblies open to all members of the community. Each community also sends delegates to a regional council in order to report decisions made in their respective communities.
Revolutionary Catalonia 1936 1939 Spain
Rojava Revolution 2012 ongoing Syria An ongoing social revolution in Northern Syria based upon regional autonomy and influenced by anarcho-communist principles, as exemplified by the Democratic Federation of Northern Syria.
Free Territory 1918 1921 Ukraine The Ukrainian Free Territory (Makhnovia).
Free Derry 1969 1972 Northern Ireland United Kingdom
Dreamtime Village 1990 ongoing United States A hypermedia permaculture eco-village project in southwestern Wisconsin.
Black Bear Ranch 1968 ongoing California United States An intentional community governed by consensus in Siskiyou National Forest of northern California.
Capitol Hill Autonomous Zone 2020 2020 Seattle, Washington United States June-July 2020
Red House eviction defense 2020 ongoing Portland, Oregon United States An occupation protest with the goal of getting an evicted family their house back. Protesters barricaded the house and surrounding street.
George Floyd Square autonomous zone[1] 2020 2021 Minneapolis, Minnesota United States The location of the murder of George Floyd. It has been barricaded.[2]
Orisha Land 2021 2021 Austin, Texas United States An autonomous zone claimed by activist group 400+1. Its center is Rosewood Park which was renamed to Jordan's place in remembrance of the fatal shooting of Jordan Walton.[3] Started on February 14th and ended almost 1 month later, on March 11th.[4][5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "George Floyd's Square offers an alternative to police — though not all neighbors want one". MPR News. Retrieved 2021-01-13.
  2. ^ Al-Arshani, Sarah. "Protesters in Minneapolis say they won't clear barricades around the George Floyd Memorial until the city leaders meet their 24 demands". Insider. Retrieved 2021-01-13.
  3. ^ Organ, Mike. "Activist group sets camp in Rosewood Park to protest fatal police shooting, refuses to leave". Austin-American Statesman. Retrieved 2021-03-05.
  4. ^ "Black Revolutionary Group No Longer Occupying Austin Park". 2021-03-14. Archived from the original on 2021-03-14. Retrieved 2021-03-18.
  5. ^ "Austin: Racist City Government Clears Out Black Activist Encampment – Tribune of the People". 2021-03-16. Archived from the original on 2021-03-16. Retrieved 2021-03-18.

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