Permatang Pauh (federal constituency)

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Permatang Pauh (P044)
Penang constituency
Permatang Pauh federal constituency.svg
Federal constituency
LegislatureDewan Rakyat
MP
Muhammad Fawwaz Mat Jan
PN
Constituency created1974
First contested1974
Last contested2022
Demographics
Electors (2022)[1]107,186
Area (km²)[2]98

Permatang Pauh is a federal constituency in Central Seberang Perai District, Penang, Malaysia, that has been represented in the Dewan Rakyat since 1974.

The federal constituency was created from parts of the Seberang Tengah constituency in the 1974 redistribution and is mandated to return a single member to the Dewan Rakyat under the first past the post voting system.

Demographics[edit]

https://live.chinapress.com.my/ge15/parliament/PENANG

Ethnic breakdown of Permatang Pauh's electorate as of 2022

  Malay (74.2%)
  Chinese (19.4%)
  Indian (6.0%)
  Other ethnicities (0.4%)

History[edit]

Polling districts[edit]

According to the federal gazette issued on 31 October 2022, the Permatang Pauh constituency is divided into 28 polling districts.[3]

State constituency Polling districts Code Location
Seberang Jaya (N10) Jalan Sembilang 044/10/01 SMK Seberang Jaya
Seberang Jaya II 044/10/02 SK Seberang Jaya 2
Kampong Pertama 044/10/03 SK Permatang To Kandu
Kampong Belah Dua 044/10/04 SMK Pauh Jaya
Seberang Jaya I 044/10/05 SK Seberang Jaya
Jalan Bahru 044/10/06 SK Jalan Bahru Perai
Simpang Ampat 044/10/07 SMK Permatang Rawa
Jalan Tuna 044/10/08 SK Seberang Jaya 2
Taman Tun Hussein Onn 044/10/09 SMK Tun Hussein Onn
Permatang Pasir (N11) Sama Gagah 044/11/01 SMK Sama Gagah
Permatang Ara 044/11/02 SK Permatang Pasir
Permatang Pauh 044/11/03 SK Permatang Pauh
Bukit Indra Muda 044/11/04 SK Bukit Indera Muda
Kampong Pelet 044/11/05 SJK (C) Kubang Semang
Kubang Semang 044/11/06 SK Seri Penanti
Tanah Liat Mukim 8 044/11/07 SK Seri Penanti
Kampong Cross Street 2 044/11/08 SM Islam Al-Masriyah
Permatang Pauh 044/11/09 SJK (C) Lay Keow
Penanti (N12) Guar Perahu 044/12/01 SMK Guar Perahu
Kuala Mengkuang 044/12/02
  • SMK Guar Perahu Indah
  • SK Seri Impian
Telok Wang 044/12/03 Dewan Orang Ramai Kampong Tun Sardon Ara Kuda
Mengkuang 044/12/04 SK Mengkuang
Sungai Lembu 044/12/05 SJK (C) Kg. Sg. Lembu
Penanti 044/12/06 SMK Mengkuang
Kubang Ulu 044/12/07 SMK Penanti
Sungai Semambu 044/12/08 SK Tanah Liat
Tanah Liat Mukim 9 044/12/09 SK Tanah Liat
Berapit Road 044/12/10
  • SJK (C) Jit Sin A Jalan Berapit
  • SJK (C) Jit Sin B Jalan Berapit

Representation history[edit]

Members of Parliament for Permatang Pauh
Parliament Years Member Party
Constituency created from Seberang Tengah
4th 1974–1978 Ariffin Md Daud (عريفين مد داود) BN (UMNO)
5th 1978–1982 Zabidi Ali (زبيدي علي) PAS
6th 1982–1986 Anwar Ibrahim (انوار ابراهيم) BN (UMNO)
7th 1986–1990
8th 1990–1995
9th 1995–1998
1998–1999 Independent
1999 Vacant
10th 1999–2004 Wan Azizah Wan Ismail (وان عزيزة وان إسماعيل) KeADILan
11th 2004–2008
12th 2008 PKR
2008–2013 Anwar Ibrahim (انوار ابراهيم)
13th 2013–2015
2015–2018 Wan Azizah Wan Ismail (وان عزيزة وان إسماعيل)
14th 2018–2022 Nurul Izzah Anwar (نور العزة أنور) PH (PKR)
15th 2022–present Muhammad Fawwaz Mohamad Jan (محمد فواز محمد جن) PN (PAS)

State constituency[edit]

Parliamentary

constituency

State constituency
1955–59* 1959–1974 1974–1986 1986–1995 1995–2004 2004–2018 2018–present
Permatang Pauh Kubang Semang
Penanti
Permatang Pasir
Seberang Jaya
Sungai Dua

Current state assembly members[edit]

No. State Constituency Member Coalition (Party)
N10 Seberang Jaya Afif Bahardin PN (BERSATU)
N11 Permatang Pasir Muhammad Faiz Fadzil PH (AMANAH)
N12 Penanti Norlela Ariffin PH (PKR)

Local governments[edit]

No. State Constituency Local Government
N10 Seberang Jaya Seberang Perai City Council
N11 Permatang Pasir Seberang Perai City Council
N12 Penanti Seberang Perai City Council

Election results[edit]

Malaysian general election, 2022
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
PN Muhammad Fawwaz Mohamad Jan 37,638 43.04 +43.04
PH Nurul Izzah Anwar 32,366 37.01 -13.88
BN Mohd Zaidi Mohd Zaid 16,971 19.41 -9.04
Homeland Fighters' Party Mohamad Nasir Osman 473 0.54 -0.54
Total valid votes 87,448 100.00
Total rejected ballots 648
Unreturned ballots 158
Turnout 88,254 82.34
Registered electors 107,186
Majority 5,272 6.03
PN gain from PH Swing ?
Malaysian general election, 2018
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
PH Nurul Izzah Anwar 35,534 50.89 +50.89
BN Mohd Zaidi Mohd Said 19,866 28.45 -12.64
Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party Afnan Hamimi Taib Azamudden 14,428 20.66 +9.49
Total valid votes 69,828 100.00
Total rejected ballots 658
Unreturned ballots 200
Turnout 70,686 86.42
Registered electors 81,789
Majority 15,668 22.44
PH hold Swing +2.76
Source(s)

"His Majesty's Government Gazette - Notice of Contested Election, Parliament for the State of Penang [P.U. (B) 236/2018]" (PDF). Attorney General's Chambers of Malaysia. 3 May 2018. Retrieved 2018-08-01.[permanent dead link] "Federal Government Gazette - Results of Contested Election and Statements of the Poll after the Official Addition of Votes, Parliamentary Constituencies for the State of Penang [P.U. (B) 310/2018]" (PDF). Attorney General's Chambers of Malaysia. 28 May 2018. Retrieved 2018-08-01.[permanent dead link]

"Keputusan PRU-14: Nurul Izzah menang di Parlimen Permatang Pauh". Kosmo! Online. 10 May 2018. Archived from the original on 11 May 2018. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
Malaysian general by-election, 7 May 2015
The by-election was called due to the disqualification of incumbent, Anwar Ibrahim after being found guilty of sodomy.
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
PKR Wan Azizah Wan Ismail 30,316 58.01 -1.18
BN Suhaimi Sabudin 21,475 41.09 +0.60
Independent Salleh Isahak 367 0.70 +0.70
Parti Rakyat Malaysia Azman Shah Othman 101 0.20 +0.20
Total valid votes 52,259 100.00
Total rejected ballots 843
Unreturned ballots 43
Turnout 53,145 73.93
Registered electors 71,890
Majority 8,841 16.92
PKR hold Swing -0.89
Malaysian general election, 2013
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
PKR Anwar Ibrahim 37,090 59.19 -7.45
BN Mazlan Ismail 25,369 40.49 +7.33
Independent Abdullah Zawawi Samsudin 201 0.32 +0.32
Total valid votes 62,660 100.00
Total rejected ballots 672
Unreturned ballots 143
Turnout 63,475 88.53
Registered electors 71,699
Majority 11,721 18.70
PKR hold Swing -7.39
Malaysian general by-election, 26 August 2008
The by-election was called due to the resignation of incumbent, Wan Azizah Wan Ismail.
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
PKR Anwar Ibrahim 31,195 66.64 +2.48
BN Arif Shah Omar Shah 15,524 33.16 -2.68
KITA Hanafi Mamat 92 0.20 +0.20
Total valid votes 46,811 100.00
Total rejected ballots 447
Unreturned ballots 10
Turnout 47,268 80.86
Registered electors 58,459
Majority 15,671 33.48
PKR hold Swing +2.58
Malaysian general election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
PKR Wan Azizah Wan Ismail 30,348 64.16 +13.47
BN Pirdaus Ismail 16,950 35.84 -13.47
Total valid votes 47,298 100.00
Total rejected ballots 636
Unreturned ballots 29
Turnout 47,963 82.06
Registered electors 58,449
Majority 13,398 28.32
PKR hold Swing +13.47


Malaysian general election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
PKR Wan Azizah Wan Ismail 21,737 50.69 -11.08
BN Pirdaus Ismail 21,147 49.31 +11.08
Total valid votes 42,884 100.00
Total rejected ballots 665
Unreturned ballots 185
Turnout 43,734 80.93
Registered electors 54,039
Majority 590 1.38
PKR hold Swing -11.08


Malaysian general election, 1999
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
PKR Wan Azizah Wan Ismail 23,820 61.77 +61.77
BN Ibrahim Saad 14,743 38.23 -38.45
Total valid votes 38,563 100.00
Total rejected ballots 647
Unreturned ballots
Turnout 39,210 78.94
Registered electors 49,670
Majority 9,077 23.54
PKR gain from BN Swing +50.11


Malaysian general election, 1995
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
BN Anwar Ibrahim 27,945 76.68 +0.99
DAP Abdul Rahman Manap 4,430 12.15 +12.15
Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party Mazani Abdullah 4,071 11.17 -13.14
Total valid votes 36,446 100.00
Total rejected ballots 889
Unreturned ballots 50
Turnout 37,385 78.30
Registered electors 47,745
Majority 23,515 64.53
BN hold Swing -5.58


Malaysian general election, 1990
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
BN Anwar Ibrahim 23,793 75.69 +5.13
Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party Mahfuz Omar 7,643 24.31 -5.13
Total valid votes 31,436 100.00
Total rejected ballots 304
Unreturned ballots
Turnout 31,740 78.32
Registered electors 40,181
Majority 16,150 51.38
BN hold Swing +5.13


Malaysian general election, 1986
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
BN Anwar Ibrahim 17,979 70.56 -4.32
Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party Mohamad Sabu 7,500 29.44 +11.57
Total valid votes 25,479 100.00
Total rejected ballots 619
Unreturned ballots
Turnout 26,098 74.82
Registered electors 34,879
Majority 10,479 41.12
BN hold Swing -7.95


Malaysian general election, 1982
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
BN Anwar Ibrahim 18,849 74.88 +26.89
Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party Zabidi Ali 4,497 17.87 -34.14
DAP Tan Ah Huat 1,825 7.25
Total valid votes 25,171 100.00
Total rejected ballots 714
Unreturned ballots
Turnout 25,885 79.95
Registered electors 32,378
Majority 14,352 57.01
BN gain from Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party Swing +30.52


Malaysian general election, 1978
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party Zabidi Ali 11,124 52.01 +52.01
BN Ariffin Md Daud 10,264 47.99 -30.26
Total valid votes 21,388 100.00
Total rejected ballots
Unreturned ballots
Turnout
Registered electors 27,516
Majority 860 4.02
Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party gain from BN Swing +41.14


Malaysian general election, 1974
Party Candidate Votes %
BN Ariffin Md Daud 13,645 78.25
PEKEMAS Abu Bakar Munir 1,948 11.17
Parti Rakyat Malaysia Paharuddin Ibrahim 1,844 10.58
Total valid votes 17,437 100.00
Total rejected ballots
Unreturned ballots
Turnout
Registered electors 21,942
Majority 11,697 67.08
This was a new constituency created out of Seberang Tengah which went to Gerakan in the previous election.

References[edit]