In electromagnetism, permeance is the inverse of reluctance. In a magnetic circuit, permeance is a measure of the quantity of magnetic flux for a number of current-turns. A magnetic circuit almost acts as though the flux is conducted, therefore permeance is larger for large cross-sections of a material and smaller for longer lengths. This concept is analogous to electrical conductance in the electric circuit.
Magnetic permeance is defined as the reciprocal of magnetic reluctance (in analogy with the reciprocity between electric conductance and resistance):
which can also be re-written:
- ΦB, magnetic flux,
- I, current, in amperes,
- N, winding number of, or count of turns in the electric coil.
- μ, permeability of material,
- A, cross-sectional area,
- , magnetic path length.
The SI unit of magnetic permeance is the henry (H), that is webers per ampere-turn.
In materials science, permeance is the degree to which a material transmits another substance.
External articles and references
- Properties of Magnetic Materials (units of magnetic permeance)
- Bombaru, D., Jutras, R., and Patenaude, A., "Air Permeance of Building Materials". Summary report prepared by, AIR-INS Inc. for Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation, Ottawa, 1988.