Permian bronze casts
Permian bronze casts were produced by the Komi and Udmurt people between 7th century BC and the 14th century AD. Their size is 3–17 cm. Their style is referred to as the 'Permian animal style.'
Permian bronze casts were buried in cemeteries and were protected by customs. Foreigners were less hesitant to loot sacred places. A large collection was amassed by the Stroganov family in Perm.
- Eero Autio (2000). KOTKAT, HIRVET, KARHUT: PERMILÄISTÄ PRONSSITAIDETTA (Eagles, deer, bears: Permian bronze casts). Jyväskylä. Lay summary (PDF).
- Пермский звериный стиль. Уральская историческая энциклопедия. — УрО РАН, Институт истории и археологии. Екатеринбург: Академкнига. Гл. ред. В. В. Алексеев. 2000.
- Vera Ivanova (June 23, 2006). "Perm Animal Style". Russia InfoCentre.
- Eero Autio (2001). "THE PERMIAN ANIMAL STYLE" (PDF). Folklore. Tartu. 18&19: 162–186. ISSN 1406-0957.
- "Stroganoff - collectors of antiquities in Perm". ARTinvestment.RU. 2010-11-28.
- Perm Animal Style: Photo gallery (Virtual museum)
- Vera Ivanova (June 23, 2006). "Perm Animal Style". Russia-InfoCentre.
- Cast Bronze Plaque with a Bear's Head in the Perm Animal Style
- Пермский звериный стиль - Виртуальный музей (Virtual museum)