Pernambut

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Pernambut / Pernampattu

பேர்ணாம்பட்டு / پرنامبٹ
Town & Taluk Head Quarter
Pernambut Town
Pernambut Town
Nickname(s): 
Leather Tanning City
Pernambut / Pernampattu is located in Tamil Nadu
Pernambut / Pernampattu
Pernambut / Pernampattu
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 12°56′19″N 78°42′10″E / 12.9387°N 78.7028°E / 12.9387; 78.7028Coordinates: 12°56′19″N 78°42′10″E / 12.9387°N 78.7028°E / 12.9387; 78.7028
Country India
StateTamil Nadu
DistrictVellore district
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodyPernambut Municipality
Area
 • Total12.97 km2 (5.01 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total98,762
 • Density7,600/km2 (20,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialTamil, Urdu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
635810
Telephone code04171
Vehicle registrationTN-23
Sex ratio1028 /

Pernambut is a town and taluk headquarters and a Municipality in Vellore district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. As of 2011, the town had a population of 51,271. Pernambut is Largest taluk which is an administrative division comprising 98 Revenue villages. The economy is dependent on leather tanning industry, earning it the nickname Leather Tanning city of Tamil Nadu. It is also known for Unani medicine.Pernambut Has Islamiah Higher Secondary school which is nearing a century of existence by merit educational trust and IHSS is the largest school here caters to Boys of all the religion as people acros dofferent walk of life study here and the biggest highlight is the fee pattern which is very low that any body who just have an attitude to study can study here as the fee is very low in 2 digits and if you opt for English medium it will cross the 3 digit. If we travel 5–6 km we can reach both andhra and karataka where we have cross 7 hairpin bends and Tippu sulthan used this route to travel from mysore to Arcot through this way.

Administration[edit]

Pernambut is a municipality and headquarters of Pernambut taluk which is an administrative division comprising 98 Revenue villages in the district of Vellore.

Religion[edit]

Pernambut is multi cultured town, here you can see people of all religion, the most important religion are : – Islam – Hindu - Christian

Muslim Worship places in Pernambut consists: 1) Chowk Masjid 2) Jamiya Masdjid 3) Nawab Daryakhan Masjid - Founded in 1814. 4) Park Masjid 5) Road Masjid e Ahle Hadees- Founded in 1899. 6) New Masjid e Ahle Hadees- Founded in 1935. 7) Small Masjide Ahle Hadees- Founded in 1816. 8) Masjid-E-Istiqamath Ahle Hadees 9) Forquan Masid Ahle Hadees 10) Masjid-E-Hassaniya Ahle Hadees 11) Ahle Hadees Jamiya Masjid 12) Masjid-E-Shekul hadees-Ahle Hadees and many more 13) Masjid Umar 14) Aashraf Masjid 15) Masjide Hafiz Abdullah Ahle Hadees 16)masjidul muslimeen(JAQH) Hindu Worship places in pernambut include koils Aanchaneyar Koil, Krishnan koil, Vinayagar Koil, Venkatesa Perumal With Sri Devi and Bodevi Koil.

Christian Worship places in pernambut include Church of God - COG, St. Pauls Lutheran church - IELC.

Non Profit Organization[edit]

Jamiathe Ulama, Jamiathe Ahle Hadees, Jamiathe Ahlil Quran Wal Hadees, Jamaathe Islami Hind, Tamil Nadu Thouheed Jamath, Tamil Nadu Muslim Munnetrak kazhagham, Islamic Muslim Welfare society, Bharathiya Vithyalaya Organisation, Talent Identification Empowerment Trust, Christian Welfare Trust, Ibadur Rahman Team, Asia Lutheran Education Association, Masjid Sevai Khuzhu, Tamil Nadu Muslim social Service Trust, The Pernambut Muslim Educational Society, Darul Al Arqam, Pernambut Makkal Mandram, And More.....

Demographics[edit]

Religious census
Religion Percent(%)
Muslim
61.56%
Hindu
36.44%
Christian
1.72%
Jain
0.1%
Other
0.15%

According to 2011 census, Pernampattu had a population of 1,33,271 with a sex-ratio of 1,028 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929.[2] A total of 6,866 were under the age of six, constituting 3,452 males and 3,414 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 23.57% and .02% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the town was 68.94%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.[2] The town had a total of 10450 households. There were a total of 16,523 workers, comprising 62 cultivators, 103 main agricultural labourers, 1,602 in house hold industries, 12,838 other workers, 1,918 marginal workers, 30 marginal cultivators, 18 marginal agricultural labourers, 158 marginal workers in household industries and 1,712 other marginal workers.[1] As per the religious Pernambut is multi cultured city, here you can see people of all religion, the most important religion are : – Islam – Hindu – Christian. Census of 2011, Pernampattu (M) had 36.44% Hindus, 61.56% Muslims, 1.72% Christians, 0.02% Sikhs, 0.0% Buddhists, 0.1% Jains, 0.15% following other religions and 0.0% following no religion or did not indicate any religious preference.[3] Note: More Christians are not changing there religion in community certificate if they changing as per government norms scholarship not given by Tamil Nadu Government, most of the people more poor in this town so that the reason they hiding the religion Christianity.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Pernambut (1971-2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 29.7
(85.5)
32.5
(90.5)
35.7
(96.3)
38.4
(101.1)
39.0
(102.2)
36.6
(97.9)
34.9
(94.8)
34.2
(93.6)
34.1
(93.4)
32.3
(90.1)
29.9
(85.8)
28.7
(83.7)
33.8
(92.8)
Average low °C (°F) 17.8
(64.0)
19.3
(66.7)
21.3
(70.3)
24.7
(76.5)
25.9
(78.6)
25.6
(78.1)
24.7
(76.5)
24.2
(75.6)
23.5
(74.3)
22.3
(72.1)
20.6
(69.1)
18.7
(65.7)
22.4
(72.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 9.4
(0.37)
4.5
(0.18)
12.3
(0.48)
24
(0.9)
65.9
(2.59)
76.8
(3.02)
129.3
(5.09)
144.7
(5.70)
185
(7.3)
146.2
(5.76)
147.7
(5.81)
84.5
(3.33)
1,030.4
(40.57)
Average rainy days 0.8 0.3 0.8 1.3 4.2 5.2 7.1 8.0 8.7 8.1 7.4 4.0 56
Source: India Meteorological Department (record high and low up to 2010)[4][5]

Another source with different averages.

Economy and culture[edit]

The economy is dependent on the leather industries, glue factories as well as beedi factories where more of the locals work.[7] The town houses leather tanning and manufacturing facilities and is a leading cluster for export of finished leather and leather-related products.[citation needed] Pernambut is known for its Unani Medicine especially. Ramzan and Bakrid festivals are celebrated by Muslims, Diwali and Pongal by Hindus and Christians celebrate Easter and Christmas.[citation needed]

Agriculture[edit]

Paddy, Banans, cocunuts, groundnuts, corn, soya, vegetables are cultivated here.

Educational Institutions[edit]

Colleges
1) Merit Haji Ismail Arts & Science College
2) Visiyath-Ul-Uloom (Arabic College For Men)
3) Madrasa-e-Dawath-ul Quran (Arabic College For Men)
4) Kulliyath Banath-Ul-Muslimeen (Arabic College For Women)

Higher Secondary Schools
1) Islamiah Higher Secondary School (For Boys)
2) Adi Dravida Boys Higher Secondary School
3) Concordia Higher Secondary School
4) Nusrathul Islam Girls Higher Secondary School
5) Government Girls Higher Secondary School
6) Ramiza Oriental Arabic Girls School

Matriculation & CBSE Schools
1) Greenvalley Matriculation School
2) Greenvalley School of Excellence (CBSE)
3) Wisdom Boys Matriculation School
4) Wisdom Girls Matriculation School
5) St. Pauls Matriculation School

Primary & Nursury Schools
1) Government Primary & Nursary School
2) Kalaimagal Primary School
3) Islamiah Aided Primary School
4) Nusrathul Islam Aided Primary School
5) Urdu Girls Aided Primary School
6) Al-Hilal Primary & Nursary School
7) Iqra Primary & Nursary School
8) Al-Falah Nursary & Primary School
9) Ash-Shams Nurary & Primary School
10) Al-Ameen Nursary & Primary School
11) Noble Nursary & Primary School
12) Vedha Nursary & Primary School

And lot of madarasas offers Islamic based education.

Transport[edit]

The Town is having a good transport facilities for all directions and major National Highways passing through Pernambut is NH75 which connects Mangalore, Bangalore and Vellore. State Highways major district roads and village roads. These roads are having access to surrounding important towns like Ambur, Vaniyambadi, Gudiyatham, Pallikonda and Vellore. It also connects metro cities of Chennai and Bangalore. The nearest international airports are Chennai International Airport (190 km) and Bengaluru International Airport (180 km);.

Politics[edit]

Pernambut assembly constituency (SC) was part of Vellore (Lok Sabha constituency) now it is part of Gudiyatham Assembly Constituency

Major Roads[edit]

Pernambut is well-connected by road. National Highway 75 (NH 75) connects Pernambut to the nearest big city of Vellore. Pernambut is connected by road to all the major towns State Highways major district roads and village roads. Distance between major cities and towns from Pernambut:

Distance between major towns and Pernambut:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Pernampattu". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  2. ^ a b "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  3. ^ "Population By Religious Community - Tamil Nadu" (XLS). Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2011. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
  4. ^ "Pernambut Climatological Table Period: 2006-2015". India Meteorological Department. Retrieved 10 April 2015.
  5. ^ "Ever recorded Maximum and minimum temperatures up to 2010" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 May 2013. Retrieved 10 April 2015.
  6. ^ "Climate: Pernambut – Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 28 August 2013.
  7. ^ "Leather Factory in Pernambut". Weebly.com.

External links[edit]