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View of the Perplexus toy
Inside the Perplexus toy

Perplexus (formerly known as Superplexus) is a 3-D ball-in-a-maze puzzle or labyrinth game enclosed in a transparent plastic sphere. By twisting and turning the sphere, players attempt to maneuver a small steel ball through an intricate maze composed of a certain number of steps (varying in each puzzle) along narrow plastic tracks. The number of steps ranges from 30 in the Perplexus Twist, to 125 in the Perplexus Epic. Some of the steps involve dropping the ball into a cup or through a small rim to take advantage of its three-dimensional nature. There are obstacles of varying difficulty that must be negotiated in order to reach the end.

Perplexus LLC is the manufacturer and a wholly owned subsidiary of Spin Master Ltd (since 2017).[1]


There are currently eleven kinds of Perplexus: Rookie, Original, Epic, Twist, Warp, Small Original, Q-Bot, Star Wars Death Star, Mini Spiral, Mini Cascading Cups, and the Drakko. These Perplexus balls can also be painted differently, such as in the Yellow Rookie. Perplexus was co-invented by teacher and magician Michael McGinnis and toy inventors Brian Clemens and Dan Klitsner of San Francisco-based KID Group—known for the invention of the games Bop It, HyperDash, and other titles. McGinnis first sketched ideas for three-dimensional labyrinths in the late 1970s. Years later, he showed sketches and rough prototypes to Clemens and Klitsner (1999). After a year of collaboration and many prototypes, they perfected the toy's gameplay so that it was easy enough for a young child to start, yet challenging for any age due to its many levels. A version with an electronic timer named Superplexus was launched in 2001, but with limited availability.[2]

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