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Perrier logo.svg
SourceVergèze, Gard, France
Calcium (Ca)147.3
Chloride (Cl)21.5
Bicarbonate (HCO3)390
Fluoride (F)0.12
Magnesium (Mg)3.4
Nitrate (NO3)1.8
Potassium (K)0.6
Sodium (Na)9
Sulfate (SO4)33
All concentrations in milligrams per liter (mg/L); pH without units

Perrier (/ˈpɛri/ PERR-ee-ay, also US: /ˌpɛriˈ/ -⁠AY, French: [pɛʁje]) is a French brand of natural bottled mineral water captured at the source in Vergèze, located in the Gard département. Perrier is best known for its naturally occurring carbonation, distinctive green bottle, and higher levels of carbonation than its peers.

Perrier was part of the Perrier Vittel Group SA, which became Nestlé Waters France after the acquisition of the company by Nestlé in 1992.[1] Nestlé Waters France also includes Vittel, S.Pellegrino and Contrex.


A 330ml bottle of Perrier

The spring from which Perrier water is sourced is naturally carbonated. Both the water and natural carbon dioxide gas are captured independently. The water is then purified, and, during bottling, the carbon dioxide gas is re-added so that the level of carbonation in bottled Perrier matches that of the Vergèze spring.[2][3]

Perrier is available in 750 mL, 330 mL, and 200 mL glass bottles in Europe, as well as in 330 mL cans. In other markets, the 250 mL can is also available. Perrier bottles all have a distinctive 'teardrop' shape and are a signature green color. In August 2001, the company introduced a new bottling format using polyethylene terephthalate to offer Perrier in plastic, a change that was researched for 11 years[4] to determine which material would best help retain both the water's flavor and its purported "50 million bubbles."

Perrier comes in several flavors: Natural, Lemon, and Lime have been on the market for many years, and in 2007, Citron Lemon-Lime and Pamplemousse Rose (Pink Grapefruit) flavors debuted in the United States. In 2015, a Green Apple flavor was launched in France as well as the US. In 2016, a Mint flavor (Saveur Menthe) was introduced in France.

Since 2002, new varieties of Perrier have been introduced in France, for example, Eau de Perrier is less carbonated than the original, and comes in a blue bottle. Perrier Fluo comes in flavors such as ginger-cherry, peppermint, orange-lychee, raspberry, and ginger-lemon.


250ml can of Perrier

The spring in Southern France from which Perrier is drawn was originally known as Les Bouillens. It had been used as a spa since Roman times. Local doctor Louis Perrier bought the spring in 1898 and operated a commercial spa there; he also bottled the water for sale. He later sold the spring to St John Harmsworth, a wealthy British visitor. Harmsworth was the younger brother of the newspaper magnates Lord Northcliffe and Lord Rothermere. He had come to France to learn the language. Dr. Perrier showed him the spring, and he decided to buy it. He sold his share of the family newspapers to raise the money. Harmsworth closed the spa, as spas were becoming unfashionable. He renamed the spring Source Perrier and started bottling the water in distinctive green bottles. The shape was that of the Indian clubs which Harmsworth used for exercise.[5][6]

Harmsworth marketed the product in Britain at a time when Frenchness was seen as chic and aspirational to the middle classes. It was advertised as the Champagne of mineral water. (There are champagne houses by the name of Laurent-Perrier and Perrier-Jouët, but there is no connection.) Advertising in newspapers like the Daily Mail established the brand. For a time, 95% of sales were in Britain and the U.S.

Perrier's reputation for purity suffered a blow in 1990 when a laboratory in North Carolina in the United States found benzene, a carcinogen, in several bottles. Perrier stated that it was an isolated incident of a worker having made a mistake in filtering and that the spring itself was unpolluted. The incident ultimately led to the worldwide withdrawal of the product, some 160 million bottles of Perrier.[7][8]

Two years later in 1992, Perrier was bought by Nestlé, one of the world's leading food and drink companies.[9] Nestlé had to contend with competition from the Agnelli family for ownership of the business.[10]

From 1981 to 2005, the company sponsored an annual comedy award in the United Kingdom, the Perrier Comedy Award, also known as "The Perriers". In 2006 it was announced that Perrier would no longer sponsor the award, which was renamed the "if.comedy awards", after its new sponsor, Intelligent Finance.[11]

In 2004, a crisis erupted when Nestlé announced a restructuring plan for Perrier. The following year, Perrier was ordered to halt restructuring due to a failure to consult adequately with staff.[12]

In 2013, Perrier celebrated its 150th anniversary by launching a limited edition series of bottles inspired by Andy Warhol.[13]


As of January 2013, Perrier was available in 140 countries, and almost 1 billion bottles are sold every year. [14]

The Perrier Awards[edit]

In 1981, Perrier set up an eponymous Perrier Comedy Award, described as a means of supporting young comedic talent at the Edinburgh Festival Fringe, an arts festival touted as "the world's largest". Initially for comedy reviews, by 1987 this included a standup comedian award. The award's sponsorship was taken over by various other advertisers starting in 2006 with commensurate renaming, and it eventually came to be called the Edinburgh Comedy Awards.

The Perrier Young Jazz Awards were set up by Perrier in 1998,[15] though never attained the success and recognition of their longer running comedy equivalent. The awards ran for four years, releasing an album showcasing its winners each year, before being discontinued. The last year the awards ceremony ran was 2001.


Year Nominee / work Award Result
1998 Julie Dexter Young Jazz Vocalist of the Year[16] Won
Phil Robson Young Jazz Instrumentalist of the Year[17] Won
Thomas Cawley Trio Young Jazz Ensemble of the Year[18] Won
J-Life Young Jazz Ensemble of the Year[16] Won
Richard Fairhurst’s “The Hungry Ants” Young Jazz Album of the Year[19] Won
1999 Zoe Rahman Young Jazz Musician of the Year[20] Won
Jonathan Cairney Young Jazz Vocalist of the Year[15] Won
Thomas Allan Quintet Young Jazz Ensemble of the Year[21] Won
2000 Dunstan Coulber Young Jazz Musician of the Year[22] Won
Julia Biel Young Jazz Vocalist of the Year[23] Won
The Higginbottom and Mayne Quartet Young Jazz Band of the Year[24] Won
2001 Matthew Bourne Young Jazz Musician of the Year[25] Won
Niki King Young Jazz Vocalist of the Year[26] Won
Chris Hutchings Quartet Young Jazz Band of the Year[27] Won

See also[edit]


  1. ^
  2. ^ Perrier Group of Canada Inc. v. Canada [1995] F.C.J. No.1571
  3. ^ "Perrier Quality Report" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 January 2013. Retrieved 2012-11-20.
  4. ^ "Perrier Launches New Transportable Plastic Bottle | Water & Wastes Digest". Retrieved 2018-01-17.
  5. ^ "Discover the perrier story". Nestlé Waters. Archived from the original on 2002-03-11. Retrieved 2008-08-18.
  6. ^ Tomlinson, Richard (2004-11-29). "Troubled waters at perrier". Fortune. Retrieved 2006-07-28.
  7. ^ James, George (1990-02-10). "Perrier Recalls Its Water in U.S. After Benzene Is Found in Bottles". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved 2007-09-19.
  8. ^ White, Michael; A Short Course in International Marketing Blunders: Mistakes Made by Companies that Should Have Known Better, 3rd Edition; World Trade Press 2009; chapter 1
  9. ^ "Perrier and Nestlé Brands | Food and Beverage Industry | Crisis Management in Branding". Archived from the original on 2012-06-06. Retrieved 2012-06-08.
  10. ^ "Nestle Wins A Big Battle For Perrier". The New York Times. 25 March 1992. Retrieved 4 March 2016.
  11. ^ "Perrier ends Edinburgh comedy tie". BBC. 2006-06-14. Retrieved 2006-12-31.
  12. ^ "Perrier Restructuring Halted". 2005-03-14. Retrieved 2012-06-05.
  13. ^ "Perrier goes Pop Art with Andy Warhol". 2013-09-04. Retrieved 2014-09-21.
  14. ^ "Perrier Brand Focus". Retrieved 29 July 2016.
  15. ^ a b "Critic's choice".
  16. ^ a b "Developing award-winning artists". January 10, 2014.
  17. ^ "Phil Robson biography".
  18. ^ "Tom Cawley - Derby Jazz".
  19. ^ "E-Bulletin: University of Leicester".
  20. ^ "ZOE RAHMAN TRIO with special guest IDRIS RAHMAN | HIDEAWAY - London's premier live music and comedy club".
  21. ^ "Le Jazz Femme".
  22. ^ "Dunstan Coulber Quartet | Biography & History". AllMusic.
  23. ^ "Julia Biel - Julia Biel | Review | The Jazz Mann".
  24. ^ Griffiths, James (September 30, 2001). "Jazz review: Higginbottom/Mayne Quartet" – via
  25. ^ Fordham, John (March 4, 2009). "Jazz review: Matthew Bourne, Bush Hall, London" – via
  26. ^ "Niki King YOUNG JAZZ VOCALIST 2001". HeraldScotland.
  27. ^ Fordham, John (July 13, 2001). "Jazz CD releases" – via

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°43′43″N 4°14′36″E / 43.7285°N 4.2434°E / 43.7285; 4.2434