Perris, California

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Perris
City of Perris
Perris Civic Center
Perris Civic Center
Official seal of Perris
Location in Riverside County and the state of California
Location in Riverside County and the state of California
Perris is located in California
Perris
Perris
Location in the United States
Perris is located in the United States
Perris
Perris
Perris (the United States)
Coordinates: 33°47′48″N 117°13′28″W / 33.79667°N 117.22444°W / 33.79667; -117.22444Coordinates: 33°47′48″N 117°13′28″W / 33.79667°N 117.22444°W / 33.79667; -117.22444
Country United States
State California
County Riverside
IncorporatedMay 26, 1911[1]
Government
 • TypeCouncil-manager
 • MayorMichael M. Vargas[2]
 • Mayor Pro TemMalcolm Corona
 • City CouncilDavid Starr Rabb
Rita Rogers
Tonya Burke
Area
 • Total31.68 sq mi (82.04 km2)
 • Land31.57 sq mi (81.76 km2)
 • Water0.11 sq mi (0.28 km2)  0.35%
Elevation1,453 ft (443 m)
Population
 • Total78,700
 • Density2,492.87/sq mi (962.57/km2)
Time zoneUTC−8 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (PDT)
ZIP Codes
92570–92572, 92599
Area code951
FIPS code06-56700
GNIS feature IDs1652772, 2411403
Websitewww.cityofperris.org

Perris is an old railway city in Riverside County, California, United States, located 71 miles (114 km) east-southeast of Los Angeles and 81 miles (130 km) north of San Diego. It is known for Lake Perris, an artificial lake, skydiving, and its sunny dry climate. Perris is within the Inland Empire metropolitan area of Southern California. Perris had a population of 78,700 as of the 2020 census.[5]

History[edit]

The coming of the California Southern Railroad led to the founding of the city around the new depot, on the rail connection between the present-day cities of Barstow and San Diego. The Perris Depot is included in the Library of Congress’ Historic American Buildings Survey.[7] Due to a land title dispute at Pinacate, most of its citizens moved two miles north on the railroad and established Perris in 1885. The city is named in honor of Fred T. Perris, chief engineer of the California Southern Railroad.The city of Perris was incorporated in 1911. It originally was within San Diego County but, in 1892, it was transferred to the newly established Riverside County.[8][original research][9]

In 2005, the National Archives and Records Administration opened the National Archives at Riverside, which is its regional branch for federal documents relating to the Pacific Region (Arizona, southern California, and Clark County, Nevada) in Perris.[10]

Turpin family[edit]

In January 2018, authorities discovered 13 malnourished siblings held captive by their own parents, David Allen Turpin, 57, and Louise Anna Turpin, 49, in a home in Perris. Some of the siblings were adults, as old as 29.[11][12][13][14][15] In April 2019, the couple was sentenced to life imprisonment with no possibility of parole for 25 years.[16]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 31.68 square miles (82.1 km2), of which, 31.57 square miles (81.8 km2) of it is land and 0.11 square miles (0.28 km2) of it (0.35%) is water.

Climate[edit]

Perris has a Mediterranean climate, with long, hot summers and short, mild winters. The climate in this area is described by the Köppen Climate Classification System as "dry-summer subtropical" often referred to as "Mediterranean" and abbreviated as Csa.[17]

Climate data for Perris, California
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 87
(31)
99
(37)
95
(35)
98
(37)
106
(41)
107
(42)
110
(43)
110
(43)
114
(46)
101
(38)
94
(34)
84
(29)
114
(46)
Average high °F (°C) 65.3
(18.5)
68.1
(20.1)
68.3
(20.2)
74.2
(23.4)
79.6
(26.4)
85.3
(29.6)
96.7
(35.9)
96.9
(36.1)
90.8
(32.7)
82.5
(28.1)
72.0
(22.2)
64.5
(18.1)
78.7
(25.9)
Daily mean °F (°C) 50.0
(10.0)
52.8
(11.6)
53.6
(12.0)
57.9
(14.4)
63.5
(17.5)
68.5
(20.3)
77.1
(25.1)
77.8
(25.4)
72.0
(22.2)
64.8
(18.2)
56.2
(13.4)
49.7
(9.8)
62.0
(16.7)
Average low °F (°C) 34.7
(1.5)
37.5
(3.1)
38.9
(3.8)
41.6
(5.3)
47.5
(8.6)
51.7
(10.9)
57.4
(14.1)
58.7
(14.8)
53.2
(11.8)
47.1
(8.4)
40.5
(4.7)
34.9
(1.6)
45.3
(7.4)
Record low °F (°C) 17
(−8)
23
(−5)
23
(−5)
25
(−4)
34
(1)
37
(3)
41
(5)
41
(5)
38
(3)
26
(−3)
24
(−4)
12
(−11)
12
(−11)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.63
(41)
1.93
(49)
1.29
(33)
1.04
(26)
0.16
(4.1)
0.06
(1.5)
0.33
(8.4)
0.06
(1.5)
0.35
(8.9)
0.14
(3.6)
1.97
(50)
1.45
(37)
10.42
(265)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 0.2
(0.51)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.2
(0.51)
0.3
(0.76)
Average precipitation days 4 5 5 4 1 1 1 0 1 1 3 5 30
Source: Western Regional Climate Center[18]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920499
193076352.9%
19401,01132.5%
19501,80778.7%
19602,95063.3%
19704,22843.3%
19806,82761.5%
199021,460214.3%
200036,18968.6%
201068,38689.0%
202078,70015.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[19]

2010[edit]

At the 2010 census Perris had a population of 68,386. The population density was 2,170.7 inhabitants per square mile (838.1/km2). The racial makeup of Perris was 28,937 (42.3%) White (11.0% Non-Hispanic White),[20] 8,307 (12.1%) African American, 589 (0.9%) Native American, 2,461 (3.6%) Asian, 286 (0.4%) Pacific Islander, 24,345 (35.6%) from other races, and 3,461 (5.1%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 49,079 persons (71.8%).[21]

The census reported that 68,146 people (99.7% of the population) lived in households, 140 (0.2%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 100 (0.1%) were institutionalized.

There were 16,365 households: 10,836 (66.2%) had children under the age of 18 living in them; 9,778 (59.7%) were opposite-sex married couples living together; 3,128 (19.1%) had a female householder with no husband present; 1,441 (8.8%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,314 (8.0%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 120 (0.7%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 1,442 households (8.8%) were one person and 383 (2.3%) had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 4.16. There were 14,347 families (87.7% of households); the average family size was 4.32.

The age distribution was 25,288 people (37.0%) under the age of 18, 7,951 people (11.6%) aged 18 to 24, 20,088 people (29.4%) aged 25 to 44, 11,711 people (17.1%) aged 45 to 64, and 3,348 people (4.9%) who were 65 or older. The median age was 25.9 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.9 males.

There were 17,906 housing units at an average density of 568.4 per square mile, of the occupied units 10,854 (66.3%) were owner-occupied and 5,511 (33.7%) were rented. The homeowner vacancy rate was 5.5%; the rental vacancy rate was 6.8%. 44,695 people (65.4% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 23,451 people (34.3%) lived in rental housing units.

According to the 2010 United States Census, Perris had a median household income of $46,435, with 28.2% of the population living below the federal poverty line.[20]

2000[edit]

At the 2000 census,[22] there were 36,189 people in 9,652 households, including 8,117 families, in the city. The population density was 1,153.5 inhabitants per square mile (445.4/km2). There were 10,553 housing units at an average density of 336.4 per square mile (129.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was predominately Hispanic, with figures as follows: 22% White, 30.9% African American, 1.5% Native American, 2.8% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 32.6% from other races, and 5.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 76.2% of the population.

The median household income was $35,522, and the median family income was $36,063. Males had a median income of $31,891 versus $24,634 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,425. About 18.1% of families and 20.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.3% of those under age 18 and 14.2% of those age 65 or over.

Of the 9,652 households 56.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.2% were married couples living together, 18.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 15.9% were non-families. 12.2% of households were one person and 4.5% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 3.7 and the average family size was 4.0.

The age distribution was 39.6% under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 13.5% from 45 to 64, and 6.2% 65 or older. The median age was 25 years. Perris' large, youthful demographics are a result of families moving into the city's new housing tracts. For every 100 females, there were 96.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.2 males.

Economy[edit]

Top employers[edit]

According to Perris's 2021 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[23] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Ross Stores, Inc. 2,170
2 Val Verde Unified School District 1,459
3 Perris Union High School District 996
4 Lowe's Distribution Center 926
5 Home Depot Distribution Center 865
6 NFI Industries 755
7 Perris Elementary School District 692
8 Eastern Municipal Water District 618
9 Walmart Supercenter 428
10 C R & R Waste 335

Arts and culture[edit]

The Southern California Railway Museum is the largest operating museum of its kind on the West Coast of the United States.[24] The Southern California Fair has been held at the Lake Perris Fairgrounds since 1987.

The Farmer Boys restaurant chain, which has many locations throughout the Inland Empire, was started in Perris in 1981.[25][26]

Rock Castle house is set on a hill above town.[27]

Government[edit]

In the California State Legislature, Perris is in the 31st Senate District, represented by Democrat Richard Roth, and in the 60th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Corey Jackson.[28]

In the United States House of Representatives, Perris is in California's 39th congressional district, represented by Democrat Mark Takano.[29]

Education[edit]

Cesar E. Chavez Library in downtown Perris

The city is served by three school districts: the Perris Elementary School District, the Perris Union High School District (which also serves Menifee), and the Val Verde Unified School District, which also serves the southern part of Moreno Valley. Perris High School of the Perris district is the city's first public (grades 9–12) school. Established in 1887, the school was relocated in 1961, and the school's western annex on I-215 and Nuevo Road became a Continuation High School in 1993. Now, there are more high schools in the area, including Citrus Hill and Orange Vista of the Val Verde district.

Middle schools include Pinacate, Lakeside, Perris and Tomas Rivera. There are ten elementary (grades K–6) schools.

Infrastructure[edit]

Aviation[edit]

The nearby, privately owned, Perris Valley Airport (FAA designator: L65) has a 5,100-foot (1,600 m) runway. Perris has drawn a crowd of skydivers, amateur and professional, to Perris Valley Skydiving. The area's sudden fame gave Perris the nickname: "the skydiving capital of America".[30] On April 22, 1992, a de Havilland Twin Otter crashed during takeoff at Perris Valley after an engine lost power. The National Transportation Safety Board determined that the accident was caused by contaminated fuel obtained from the improper handling of the airfield's fuel tanks and the pilot's improper actions after the power loss, as well as other factors. The aircraft never rose above 50 feet and 14 parachutists and the two pilots were killed.[31]

Highways[edit]

Perris is served by Interstate 215 which runs from Murrieta to the south to San Bernardino to the north, and by State Route 74, which serves Lake Elsinore and Orange County to the west, and the San Jacinto and Coachella valleys to the east.

Public safety[edit]

The Riverside County Sheriff's Department provides police services to the entire Perris Valley area (including the nearby communities of Mead Valley and Glen Valley, and the cities of Canyon Lake and Menifee) from its regional station on 4th Street (in the former headquarters of the now-disbanded Perris Police Department).

The city of Perris contracts for fire and paramedic services with the Riverside County Fire Department through a cooperative agreement with CAL FIRE. The CAL FIRE/Riverside County Fire Department headquarters is located in Perris.[32]

The California State Parks have a dispatch center located in the city as well – Southern Communications Center (SURCOM).[33] Communications Centers operate multi-frequency/channel radio systems, law enforcement telecommunications systems (CLETS), computer terminals, and associated equipment to dispatch law enforcement/emergency response units and coordinate services with field personnel and other agencies.

Commuter Rail[edit]

In June 2016, the 91 Line of the Metrolink commuter rail system was extended from Riverside to Perris, connecting it to downtown Los Angeles and the rest of the Greater Los Angeles megalopolis with two stations.[34] Future expansion to Hemet has also been discussed.[35]

Cemetery[edit]

The Perris Valley Cemetery District[36] maintains the Perris Valley Cemetery.[37]

Notable people[edit]

  • Louis B. Mayer – Hollywood film mogul, owned a horse ranch in Perris
  • Alfred E. Green - film director, born in Perris
  • Danny Harris – former Olympic hurdler, silver medalist in the 1984 Los Angeles Olympic Games and the 1987 World Championships in Rome. Grew up in Perris and alumnus of Perris High School.[38]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on February 21, 2013. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
  2. ^ "Council members". City of Perris. Archived from the original on October 11, 2019. Retrieved February 15, 2017.
  3. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  4. ^ "Perris". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior. Retrieved November 2, 2014.
  5. ^ a b "Perris (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 18, 2022.
  6. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  7. ^ Miller Coleman, Nicole (March 10, 2018). "Visit these lesser-known cultural and historical gems in Perris". San Diego Union Tribune.
  8. ^ "Southern Hotel". National Park Service. Retrieved May 5, 2012.
  9. ^ Rust, Horatio N. (September 10, 1891). "Report of Mission Agency". The Executive Documents of the House of Representatives for the first session of the fifty second congress (Report). pp. 221–225. Retrieved October 10, 2022.
  10. ^ "National Archives Opens New Pacific Region Records Center Facility". National Archives. August 15, 2016. Retrieved August 7, 2022.
  11. ^ "In Perris, a house of horrors hidden in plain sight". Los Angeles Times. January 17, 2018.
  12. ^ "California torture house: 13 siblings allowed to eat once a day, shower once a year". NBC News. January 18, 2018.
  13. ^ "Siblings allegedly held captive were robotic, marched for hours in circles, former neighbor says". ABC News. January 18, 2018. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
  14. ^ "Starving California children taunted with pie, beaten by parents: prosecutor". Reuters. January 18, 2018. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
  15. ^ "'Haunting and Disturbing.' 13 Siblings Found Shackled Looked Like 'Fun Family' in Facebook Photos". Time Magazine. January 17, 2018. Archived from the original on January 18, 2018. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
  16. ^ Citation error. See inline comment how to fix.[verification needed]
  17. ^ "Perris, California Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase.
  18. ^ "Perris, California". Western Regional Climate Center. Desert Research Institute. Retrieved May 20, 2020.
  19. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  20. ^ a b "Quickfacts". Archived from the original on April 17, 2015.
  21. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Perris city". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  22. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  23. ^ "Comprehensive Annual Financial Report for the Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 2021".
  24. ^ "Home". socalrailway.org.
  25. ^ "Farmer Boys Celebrates 100th Store Opening With Grand Opening Celebration in Perris, Calif. | RestaurantNews.com". March 11, 2020. Retrieved October 19, 2020.
  26. ^ "Farmer Boys Changes Name To Farmer Girls". Lake Elsinore-Wildomar, CA Patch. March 1, 2020. Retrieved October 19, 2020.
  27. ^ "BACK IN THE DAY: Rock Castle graces Perris hilltop". Press Enterprise. September 28, 2014. Retrieved October 19, 2020.
  28. ^ "Statewide Database". Regents of the University of California. Archived from the original on February 1, 2015. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
  29. ^ "California's 41st Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC.
  30. ^ Weeks, John Howard (2008). Inland Empire. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7385-5907-0.
  31. ^ "NTSB - Remarks of Jim Hall 9/20/97". Archived from the original on September 25, 2008. Retrieved August 18, 2008.
  32. ^ "Service Area". rvcfire.org.
  33. ^ California, California State Parks, State of. "Communications Operator". CA State Parks.
  34. ^ "Metrolink's 91/Perris Valley Line Now Open".
  35. ^ "Project info". www.cityofhemet.org. 2017. Archived from the original on October 3, 2018. Retrieved October 2, 2018.
  36. ^ brookman@brookmancompany.com. "California Association of Public Cemeteries". capc.info.
  37. ^ 33°47′41″N 117°13′25″W / 33.79472°N 117.22361°W / 33.79472; -117.22361 U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Perris Valley Cemetery
  38. ^ "IAAF: Men's indoor 60 Metres - Records - iaaf.org". iaaf.org.

External links[edit]