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Perry Mehrling

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Perry Mehrling
Professor of International Political Economy at Boston University. the Pardee school of Global Studies
Personal details
Perry G. Mehrling

(1959-08-14) August 14, 1959 (age 64)
Alma materHarvard University (B.A., PhD)
London School of Economics (MSc)

Perry G. Mehrling (born August 14, 1959) is professor of economics at Pardee School of Global Studies at Boston University. He was professor of economics at Barnard College in New York City for 30 years. He specializes in the study of financial theory within the history of economics.


Perry Gandhi Mehrling received an A.B (magna cum laude), a Ph.D. from Harvard University and an M.Sc. from the London School of Economics. Mehrling was valedictorian of the class of 1977 at Boston Latin School. He was a professor in the Economics Department at Barnard College/Columbia University for 30 years until 2017[1] and is the Director of Educational Programs at the Institute for New Economic Thinking,[2] a global not-for-profit organization dedicated to changing the way economics is currently taught. He teaches the hugely popular "Economics of Money and Banking" MOOC on the Coursera website.[3]


Mehrling is the author of Money and Empire: Charles P. Kindleberger and the Dollar System (2022), The Money Interest and the Public Interest: American Monetary Thought, 1920-1970, published in 1998, as well as a 2005 biography of Fischer Black, Fischer Black and the Revolutionary Idea of Finance.[4] In the wake of the 2008-2009 Financial Crisis, there was significant interest in his book

  • The New Lombard Street. How the Fed Became a Dealer of Last Resort. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ 2011, Linen: ISBN 978-0-691-14398-9, e-book: ISBN 978-1-4008-3626-0

He wrote his thesis under Meghnad Desai and Douglas Gale at the London School of Economics. It was published by the University of Chicago's Journal of Political Economy. It synthesized differential game-theoretic models of capitalism, due to Kelvin Lancaster and Richard M. Goodwin.[5] Gale's general equilibrium handbooks on monetary economics acknowledge Merhling's assistance.[6]

Money View[edit]

Perry Mehrling's brainchild, the Money View, is a monetary-financial school of thought that links the (usually separate) intellectual realms of economics and finance. It offers an integrated approach for conceptualizing money, finance and (shadow) banking, which it sees as the fundamental infrastructure of capitalism.[7] Other than most economic theories, it denotes analytical importance to the notion of liquidity as well as to the centrality of profit-seeking dealers as market makers.[8] The Money View has first been developed, formulated and put forward by Mehrling and is now - despite still being an academic minority view - popularized by scholars,[9][10] central bankers[11] and market practitioners[12][13] around the world.


The speciality of the Money View is its ability to adequately synthesize current features of our integrated monetary and financial system, which Mehrling describes as 'money market funding of capital market lending', a.k.a. shadow banking, by paying attention to both the money market and the capital market.

The Money View includes elements of theories and insights by H.P. Minsky, Charles Kindleberger, Marcia Stigum, to name just a few.

Central institutions[edit]

Money, as a means of payment, to facilitate (final) settlement. Credit, as a promise to pay (money). Finance, to facilitate valuation of promises to pay. Banking, as a means of allocation of credit.[7]

Hierarchy of Money[edit]

Inspired by Minsky's Hierarchy of Money, the Money View recognizes the de facto inequality of economic agents or entire countries in their capacity to issue something called money. A privileged few at the top of the hierarchy may issue money while the rest can only issue mere promises to pay money, i.e. credit (further down the hierarchy). The US dollar is at the top of the international hierarchy of money.


The Money View is inherently political. Its political dimensions are manifold and include the following:

  • a direct application of the values advocated by the Enlightenment as a philosophical movement (which, inter alia, would avoid the simplifying assumptions on the nature of human beings that often prevail in economics, such as the homo economicus)
  • ideas centered on reason as the primary source of knowledge
  • a recognition of the "difficulty of money"[14]
  • an open rejection of equilibrium accounts of the economy (and therefore of mainstream economic thought & teaching)
  • a refutation of the quantity theory of money
  • critical thinking about the monetary-financial system (as opposed to proficient manipulation of formal models)
  • an emphasis on liquidity as compared to solvency


The Money View relies on comparatively few assumptions and uses reason as the primary source of knowledge. Generally, its analytical framework is based on viewing every monetary entity in terms of their stylized balance sheet, which serves as basic tools for asset-liability management, i.e. to measure sources and uses of funding.

The Money View has been categorized by Zoltan Pozsar as 'monetary reality'[15] (in contrast to monetary theory) because of its reliance on balance sheets and T-accounts.


  1. ^ "Perry Mehrling". Barnard College. Retrieved 2013-09-24.
  2. ^ "Team". Institute for New Economic Thinking. Archived from the original on 2013-09-27. Retrieved 2013-09-24.
  3. ^ "Perry G Mehrling". Coursera. Retrieved 2022-04-27.
  4. ^ When the Everyday Was Revolutionary
  5. ^ Mehrling, Perry G. (December 1986). "A classical model of the class struggle: A game-theoretic approach". The Journal of Political Economy. 94 (6). University of Chicago: 1280–1303. doi:10.1086/261433. JSTOR 1833099. S2CID 154056696.
  6. ^ * Gale, Douglas (1982). Money: in equilibrium. Cambridge economic handbooks. Vol. 2. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press. pp. 349. ISBN 978-0-521-28900-9.
    • Gale, Douglas (1983). Money: in disequilibrium. Cambridge economic handbooks. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press. p. 382. ISBN 978-0-521-26917-9.
  7. ^ a b Perry Mehrling, 2017. "Financialization and its discontents", Finance and Society 3(1), pp. 1–10.
  8. ^ Perry Mehrling (December 17, 2018). "Where is the Politics in the Money View". Retrieved July 5, 2019.
  9. ^ Daniela Gabor and Jakob Vestergaard (April 17, 2016). "Towards a theory of shadow money". Retrieved July 9, 2019.
  10. ^ Steffen Murau, 2017. "Shadow Money and the Public Money Supply: The Impact of the 2007-09 Financial Crisis on the Monetary System", Review of International Political Economy 24(5).
  11. ^ Adrien d’Avernas and Quentin Vandeweyer and Matthieu Darracq Paries (May 6, 2019). "Unconventional Monetary Policy and Funding Liquidity Risk" (PDF). Retrieved July 9, 2019.
  12. ^ Zoltan Pozsar, 2014. "Shadow Banking: The Money View", Office of Financial Research 14(4).
  13. ^ Perry Mehrling, Zoltan Pozsar, James Sweeney, Daniel Neilson, 2013. "Bagehot was a shadow banker: shadow banking, central banking, and the future of global finance", Shadow Banking Within and Across BordersWorld Scientific Publishing Company.
  14. ^ Perry Mehrling (June 8, 2015). "Why is Money Difficult?". Retrieved July 7, 2019.
  15. ^ "2019 Macro Conference Kindleberger - Perry G. Mehrling". GDP Center Boston University. Archived from the original on 2021-12-21. Retrieved 2019-07-20.

External links[edit]